Pico-GPS-L76B

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Pico-GPS-L76B
Pico-GPS-L76B

L76B GNSS Module for Raspberry Pi Pico
GPS / BDS / QZSS Support
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Overview

The Pico-GPS-L76B is a GNSS module designed for Raspberry Pi Pico, with multi-satellite systems support including GPS, BDS, and QZSS. It has advantages such as fast positioning, high accuracy, and low power consumption, etc. Combined with the Raspberry Pi Pico, it's easy to use the global navigating function.

Features

  • Standard Raspberry Pi Pico header supports Raspberry Pi Pico series boards.
  • Multi-satellite systems support: GPS, BDS, and QZSS.
  • EASY, self-track prediction technology, help quick positioning.
  • AlwaysLocate, intelligent controller of periodic mode for power saving.
  • Supports D-GPS, SBAS (WAAS/EGNOS/MSAS/GAGAN).
  • UART communication baudrate: 4800~115200bps (9600bps by default).
  • Onboard battery holder, supports ML1220 rechargeable cell, for preserving ephemeris information and hot starts.
  • 4 x LEDs for indicating the module operating status.
  • Comes with resources and manual. (sample examples include Raspberry Pi Pico C/C++, MicroPython...)

Specifications

GNSS
Frequency band:
GPS L1 (1575.42Mhz)
BD2 B1 (1561.098MHz)
Channels: 33 tracking ch, 99 acquisition ch, 210 PRN ch
C/A code
SBAS: WAAS, EGNOS, MSAS, GAGAN
Horizontal position accuracy
(autonomous positioning)
<2.5m CEP
Time-To-First-Fix @ -130dBm
(EASY enabled)
Cold starts: <15s
Warm starts: <5s
Hot starts: <1s
Sensitivity Acquisition: -148dBm
Tracking: -163dBm
Re-acquisition: -160dBm
Dynamic performance Altitude (max): 18000m
Velocity (max): 515m/s
Acceleration (max): 4g
Others
Communication interface UART
Baudrate 4800~115200bps (9600bps by default)
Update rate 1Hz (default), 10Hz (max)
Protocols NMEA 0183, PMTK
Power supply voltage 5V
Operating current 13mA
Overall current consumption < [email protected] (Continue mode)
Operating temperature -40℃ ~ 85℃
Dimensions 52 × 21mm

Hardware Description

Hardware Connection

Pico-gps-l76b.jpg

  1. Note that the USB Logo on the Pico-GPS-L76B corresponds to the direction of the USB connection of the Raspberry Pi Pico.
  2. When downloading the C program, be sure to press and hold the BOOT key before connecting the USB cable.
  3. Note that the unlabeled side of the antenna faces the sky, do not block the antenna, as shown in the following figure.

Pico-gps-l76b02.jpg

Pinout

Pico-GPS-L76B-details-inter.jpg

  1. Onboard UART0 (GPIO0, GPIO1) by default, choose UART1 (GPIO4,GPIO5) for communication. Please solder H1 and H2 to the B position according to the schematic diagram, and re-select UART1 in the software.
  2. Onboard buttons and switches control the wake-up and sleep of L76B. Please solder the 0R resistor in the R18 and R19 positions in the schematic diagram and change it to GPIO control.
  3. Onboard LDO provides power to the L76B module. If you move the 0R in the R3 position in the schematic diagram to the R6 position, you can use GPIO14 to completely turn off the power on the Pico-GPS-L76B, or move the 0R in the R3 position to the R7 position, then use the 3.3V power supply on the RP2040.
  4. The PPS pin of the L76B module is not connected to GPIO by default. If it needs to be used, use 0R to connect the R20 position in the schematic diagram.

Button

  1. When the Pico-GPS-L76B module enters the sleep state with software commands, you can use the FORCE ON button to wake up.
  2. The STANDBY switch is used to manually set the Pico-GPS-L76B to enter the standby state. In the standby state, the L76B will no longer output NMEA.

Dimension

Pico-GPS-L76B-details-size.jpg

NIME0183

  • Pico-GPS-L76B outputs NMEA0183 information from the serial port, Raspberry Pico Pico parses NMEA 0183 sentences and outputs human-readable information.
  • NMEA 0183 is a standard format developed by the National Marine Electronics Association for marine electronic equipment. It has become a unified RTCM (Radio Technical Commission for Maritime Services) standard protocol for GPS navigation equipment.
  • NMEA 0183 includes 7 protocol frames including $GPZDA, $GPRMC, $GPVTG, $GPGNS, $GPGGA, $GPGSA, $GPGSV*3, $GPGLL, $GPGST, among which the first two characters following $ represent the country or region. For example, GPGGA stands for American GPS, BDGGA stands for China Beidou, GLGGA stands for Russian GLONASS, GAGGA stands for EU Galileo, and GNGGA stands for multi-satellite joint positioning.
  • Take $GPRMC as an example to briefly describe the information represented by each part of the protocol frame, please refer to NMEA0183.pdf the other 6 protocol frames.
Recommended Minimum Specific GPS/TRANSIT Data (RMC) Recommended positioning information
$GPRMC,<1>,<2>,<3>,<4>,<5>,<6>,<7>,<8>,<9>,<10>,<11>,<12> *hh<CR><LF>
$GNRMC,010555.000,A,2232.4682,N,11404.6748,E,0.00,125.29,230822,,,D*71
<1> UTC time, hhmmss.sss (hours, minutes, seconds) format
<2> Positioning status, A=valid positioning, V=invalid positioning
<3> Latitude ddmm.mmmm (degree minutes) format (the leading 0 will also be transmitted)
<4> Latitude hemisphere N (northern hemisphere) or S (southern hemisphere)
<5> Longitude dddmm.mmmm (degree minutes) format (the leading 0 will also be transmitted)
<6> Longitude Hemisphere E (East Longitude) or W (West Longitude)
<7> Ground rate (000.0~999.9 section, the preceding 0 will also be transmitted)
<8> Ground heading (000.0~359.9 degrees, based on true north, the preceding 0 will also be transmitted)
<9> UTC date in ddmmyy (ddmmyy) format
<10> Magnetic declination (000.0~180.0 degrees, the previous 0 will also be transmitted)
<11> Magnetic declination direction, E (East) or W (West)
<12> Mode indication (only NMEA0183 version 3.00 output, A=autonomous positioning, D=differential, E=estimated, N=invalid data)
*hh : The last check code *hh is the data used for check. In normal use, it is not necessary, but it is recommended when there is strong electromagnetic interference in the surrounding environment. hh represents the bitwise XOR of all characters of "$" and "*" (excluding these two characters). The format of individual manufacturer's self-defined statement starts with "$P", followed by a 3-character manufacturer ID identification number, followed by a user-defined data body.

Environment Building

We test the codes with Thonny, please download the related IDE and then open it after installing.
Please refer to the official document to build python environment, select the Raspberry Pi Pico device in Thonny's Tools->Options->Interprete, as shown below:
Pico-GPS-002.jpg

Program Download

  1. Click to download sample program.
  2. Unzip the sample program, and upload the Micorpython sample program to the Pico file system, as shown in the figure:

Thonny03.jpg

Demo Usage

Micropython

1. Open Thonny IDE, and upload the file to the Raspberry Pi Pico document system. Open coordinate_convert.py and then run the program. As shown as below:
Pico-GPS-L76B05.jpg
2. Under fine weather conditions, the L76B will obtain the positioning information about 30 seconds after it is powered on, as shown in the following figure when running the program.
Pico-GPS-L76B06.jpg
3. Users can copy the positioning information displayed in the terminal in Thonny, and use Google Map and Baidu Map for coordinate labeling.
Pico-GPS-L76B07.jpg


Sample program brief analysis

  • Note that the value in the form of dd used in the creation of the NMEA0183 sentence parser type in coordinates_converter.py, initializing to other forms such as ddm, dms form of latitude and longitude value requires rewriting the coordinate conversion function.
# make an object of NMEA0183 sentence parser
"""
Setup GPS Object Status Flags, Internal Data Registers, etc
local_offset (int): Timzone Difference to UTC
location_formatting (str): Style For Presenting Longitude/Latitude:
                           Decimal Degree Minute (ddm) - 40° 26.767′ N
                           Degrees Minutes Seconds (dms) - 40° 26′ 46″ N
                           Decimal Degrees (dd) - 40.446° N
"""
parser = MicropyGPS(location_formatting='dd')
  • The coordinates_converter.py file converts NMEA0183 sentences into WGS84 coordinate latitude and longitude values and BD09 coordinate system latitude and longitude values, which are respectively suitable for coordinate labeling on Google Maps, Baidu Maps, etc.
while True:
    if gnss_l76b.uart_any():
        sentence = parser.update(chr(gnss_l76b.uart_receive_byte()[0]))
        if sentence:
            
            print('WGS84 Coordinate:Latitude(%c),Longitude(%c) %.9f,%.9f'%(parser.latitude[1],parser.longitude[1],parser.latitude[0],parser.longitude[0]))
            print('copy WGS84 coordinates and paste it on Google map web https://www.google.com/maps')

            gnss_l76b.wgs84_to_bd09(parser.longitude[0],parser.latitude[0])
            print('Baidu Coordinate: longitude(%c),latitudes(%c) %.9f,%.9f'%(parser.longitude[1],parser.latitude[1],gnss_l76b.Lon_Baidu,gnss_l76b.Lat_Baidu))
            print('copy Baidu Coordinate and paste it on the baidu map web https://api.map.baidu.com/lbsapi/getpoint/index.html')
            
            print('UTC Timestamp:%d:%d:%d'%(parser.timestamp[0],parser.timestamp[1],parser.timestamp[2]))
            
#           print fix status
            '''
            1 : NO FIX
            2 : FIX 2D
            3 : FIX_3D
            '''
            print('Fix Status:', parser.fix_stat)
            
            print('Altitude:%d m'%(parser.altitude))
            print('Height Above Geoid:', parser.geoid_height)
            print('Horizontal Dilution of Precision:', parser.hdop)
            print('Satellites in Use by Receiver:', parser.satellites_in_use)
            print('')
  • The gnss_setting.py file lists the L76B related setting information, the NMEA output frequency in the following code, and related settings such as hot start.
# set NMEA0183 sentence output frequence
'''
optional:
SET_POS_FIX_100MS
SET_POS_FIX_200MS
SET_POS_FIX_400MS
SET_POS_FIX_800MS
SET_POS_FIX_1S
SET_POS_FIX_2S
SET_POS_FIX_4S
SET_POS_FIX_8S
SET_POS_FIX_10S
'''
gnss_l76b.L76X_Send_Command(gnss_l76b.SET_POS_FIX_1S)

#set #Startup mode
'''
    SET_HOT_START
    SET_WARM_START
    SET_COLD_START
    SET_FULL_COLD_START
'''
gnss_l76b.L76X_Send_Command(gnss_l76b.SET_COLD_START)