RM500Q-GL 5G HAT

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M.2 TO 4G/5G HAT
RM500U-CN 5G HAT
With RM500Q-GL/RM500Q-AE/RM502Q-AE
Sim8202g-m2-5g-hat-b-6.png
With 5G Module and Case
Rm500u-cn-5g-hat-with-case-2.jpg
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Overview

Features

  • Integrates extensive network protocols, with multi drivers and software support, compatible with different OS including Windows / Linux / Android.
  • USB 3.1 port (USB 2.0 compatible) for connecting to PC, Raspberry Pi, or Jetson Nano host board to enable high speed 5G communication.
  • Standard M.2 B KEY slot, compatible with different 5G modules: RM500U-CN / RM500Q-GL / RM500Q-AE / RM502Q-AE series.
  • Onboard UART, PWR, and RST control pin, built-in voltage level translator, enabled via DIP switch, for use with hosts like Raspberry Pi or Arduino.
  • Onboard USB-C connector, enabled via a switch, for connecting standalone power supply for the module, allows more loads, stable amd flexible power supply.
  • Onboard power supply on/off switch, reset button and LED indicator, easy to turn on/off the module or monitor the operating status.
  • 2 x SIM card slot, dual card single standby, switchable via AT command.
  • High-efficiency power supply circuit, up to 3A output current.


Selection Guide

5G Sub-6 RM500U-CN RM500Q-GL RM500Q-AE RM502Q-AE
RM500U-CN-5G-HAT-details-17-1.jpg RM500U-CN-5G-HAT-details-17-3.jpg RM500U-CN-5G-HAT-details-17-5.jpg RM500U-CN-5G-HAT-details-17-4.jpg
Region / Provider China Global (except US) Global (except China) Global (except China)
Operating Temperature -30 °C ~ +75 °C -30 °C ~ +70 °C
Extension Temperature -40 °C ~ +85 °C
Dimensions 30.0 × 52.0 × 2.3 (mm)
Weight 8.9 (g) 8.7 (g)
Power Supply 3.3~4.4 V, typical 3.7 V 3.135~4.4 V, typical 3.7 V
Power Consumption 90 μA @ shutdown

3.7 mA @ hibernate TBD @ USB 2.0, idle TBD @ USB 3.0, idle

70 μA @ shutdown

4.0 mA @ hibernate 32 mA @ USB 2.0, idle 54 mA @ USB 3.0, idle

80 μA @ shutdown

4.2 mA @ hibernate 39 mA @ USB 2.0, idle 54.5 mA @ USB 3.0, idle

Frequency Band
5G 5G NR NSA n41, n78, n79 n41, n77, n78, n79 n1, n2, n3, n5, n7, n8, n12, n20, n25, n28, n38, n40, n41, n48*, n66, n71, n77, n78, n79
5G NR SA n1, n28, n41, n77, n78, n79 n1, n2, n3, n5, n7, n8, n12, n20, n25, n28, n38, n40, n41, n48*, n66, n71, n77, n78, n79
LTE LTE-FDD B1, B2, B3, B5, B7, B8, B20, B28 B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B7, B8, B12(B17), B13, B14, B18, B19, B20, B25, B26, B28, B29, B30, B32, B66, B71
LTE-TDD B34, B38, B39, B40, B41 B34, B38, B39, B40, B41, B42, B43, B48
LAA - B46
UMTS WCDMA B1, B2, B5, B8 B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B6, B8, B19
GNSS - GPS / GLONASS / BeiDou (Compass) / Galileo
Data rate
5G SA Sub-6 downlink 2 Gbps;
uplink 1 Gbps
downlink 2.1 Gbps;
uplink 900 Mbps
downlink 2.1 Gbps;
uplink 450 Mbps
downlink 4.2 Gbps;
uplink 450 Mbps
5G NSA Sub-6 downlink 2.2 Gbps;
uplink 575 Mbps
downlink 2.5 Gbps;
uplink 600/650 Mbps
downlink 2.5 Gbps;
uplink 650 Mbps
downlink 5 Gbps;
uplink 650 Mbps
LTE downlink 600 Mbps;
uplink 150 Mbps
downlink 1.0 Gbps;
uplink 200 Mbps
downlink 1.0 Gbps;
uplink 200 Mbps
downlink 2 Gbps;
uplink 200 Mbps
UMTS downlink 42.2 Mbps;
uplink 11 Mbps
downlink 42 Mbps;
uplink 5.76 Mbps
* means developing/planning/processing
Quectel_RM500Q-GL_5G_Specification :[Datasheets 1]
Quectel_RM500Q-AE_5G_Specification :[Datasheets 2]
Quectel_RM502Q-AE_5G_Specification :[Datasheets 3]

What's On Board

SIM8202G-M2-5G-HAT-B-details-intro.jpg

Number Name Description
Raspberry Pi GPIO interface Easy connect to Raspberry Pi
Switch Enable the corresponding pin
M.2 interface Compatible with RM500U-CN / RM500Q-CN / RM500Q-GL /RM50XQ-AE and other series of 5G modules
SIM card holder Onboard two SIM card slots, dual card single standby. The default SIM1 card slot works, SIM2 is on the back, requires module support, and must be switched through AT commands
USB3.1 interface Backward compatible with USB 2.0, can be used to connect to PC/Raspberry Pi/Jetson Nano, etc.
USB Type-C interface 5V 3A input; stable and flexible power supply
Audio port SIM82XX series support audio function, RM50XX series do not support this audio function
Antenna interface Onboard four-way antenna, strong signal
Reset Switch One-key reset
Power Switch To facilitate the power supply mode of the control module:

——If set to USB, the module will provide power through the "⑤.USB3.1 interface"; ——If set to EXT PWR, the module will provide power through the "⑥.USB Type-C interface" external power supply

Cooling fan Cool down the Raspberry Pi and 5G module at the same time
Indicator light Check the module running status anytime, anywhere

Pinout Definition

After connecting to Raspberry Pi, these pins (TX, RX, D4 and D6) can be connected or not through the DIP switch:
M.2-TO-4G-5G-HAT-Pin-defined.jpg

4G/5G modules function testing

Category 4G/5G Module Network Communication GNSS Positioning Voice calls through
Earphone Port
Dual SIMs UART Interface External Power Supply?
5G SIM8202G-M2 5G/4G/3G Support Support Support Support Optional, but recommended
5G SIM8200EA-M2 5G/4G/3G Support Support Support Support Optional, but recommended
5G RM500U-CN 5G/4G/3G NOT Support NOT Support Support Support Recommended
5G RM500Q-GL 5G/4G/3G Support NOT Support Support NOT Support Recommended
5G RM500Q-AE 5G/4G/3G Support NOT Support NOT Support NOT Support Recommended
5G RM502Q-AE 5G/4G/3G Support NOT Support NOT Support NOT Support Recommended
LTE-A EM06-E LTE-A/4G/3G NOT Support NOT Support NOT Support NOT Support Optional
LTE-A A7906E LTE-A/4G/3G NOT Support NOT Support NOT Support NOT Support Optional
4G SIM7600G-H-M2 4G/3G/2G Support Support NOT Support Support Optional

4G/5G Module Compatibility

If you need to use the M.2 TO 4G/5G HAT for other 4G/5G modules, you can refer to the M.2 connection diagram below, check whether there is any pin conflict, and then connect to test:
M.2-Compatibility.jpg

Working With Windows

Hardware Preparation

  • In addition to the items in the package,
    5G-HAT-Pack.jpg
  • you need to prepare the following items:
* A 5G SIM card (no downtime and 5G enabled);
* A computer with a Windows operating system (Such as Windows 10)
* A headphone cable with a microphone (optional);

Hardware Connection

Connect the 5G HAT with a usb3.0 cable, and connect an external 5V power supply to the Type-C power supply port of the 5G HAT, as shown in the figure:
M.2-TO-4G-5G-HAT-TO-WIN10.jpg

Install drivers

  • After connecting the 5G HAT to the computer through a double-ended usb3.0 data cable, there will be a series of devices without drivers installed on other devices:

RM500U-driver-manager.png

  • Download the driver to your computer and unzip the compressed package.
  • Enter the RM50X_Driver directory.
  • Click setup.exe to install the driver. After the installation is complete, the device manager will generate the following devices:

RM500U-driver-finish.png

RM50XQ-Driver :[Software 1]

Common AT commands

EM25X、EM06E and RM50X series 4G/5G module support AT command control, some basic AT commands are shown in the table below:

RM500U AT LOG.png
Command Description Return Value
AT AT test command OK
ATE ATE1 sets echo
ATE0 turns off echo
OK
AT+CGMI Query module manufacture OK
AT+CGMM Query module model OK
AT+CGSN Query product serial number OK
AT+CSUB Query module version and chip OK
AT+CGMR Query the firmware version serial number OK
AT+IPR? Set the module hardware serial port baud rate +IPREX:
OK
AT+CFUN=1,1 reset module OK
AT+QUIMSLOT? Query SIM card selection:
Return 1, select SIM card 1;
Return 2, select SIM card 2
+QUIMSLOT: 1/2
OK
AT+CPIN? Query the status of the SIM card and return READY, indicating that the SIM card can be recognized normally +CPIN: READY
AT+COPS? Query the current operator, the operator information will be returned after normal networking +COPS:
OK
AT+C5GREG? Query 5G network registration status +C5GREG:
OK
AT+QENG="servingcell" Query UE system information
AT+CNMP Network mode selection command:
"mode_pref":Automatic
"nr5g_band" : 5G NR
"lte_band":LTE only
"gw_band":WCDMA only
... ....
OK

Open the device manager, find the port number corresponding to AT Port; then open the sscom software, select the corresponding port and baud rate, check AddCrLf; click the sscom EXIT button and pull out the preset It is best to open the serial port and send the corresponding AT command to test.

Quectel_RG50xQ_RM5xxQ_Series_AT_Commands_Manual :[Datasheets 4]
SSCom Serial Assistant Tool :[Software 2]

SIM Card Selection

The 5G HAT has two SIM card slots onboard, a dual SIM card and single standby, which can be switched and enabled by AT command

  • SIM card 1 is selected by default, You can use the following command to query and confirm:
AT+QUIMSLOT?
  • To switch SIM card 2, please use the following command:
AT+QUIMSLOT=2
  • Switch back to SIM card 1, please use the following command:
AT+QUIMSLOT=1
  • Check whether the corresponding card slot recognizes the SIM card:
AT+CPIN?
RM500U-CN and RM500Q-GL support Dual SIMs, But RM500Q-AE and RM502Q-AE modules do not support dual SIM cards


MBIM dial-up Internet access

  • Download and install the driver
  • Open the RM50X AT port and send the following commands to dial up the Internet:
AT+QENG="servingcell"
AT+QCFG="usbnet",2
AT+QNETDEVCTL=2,3,1
AT+QNETDEVSTATUS=2
AT+CFUN=1,1
  • After dialing and restarting, the mobile network network card appears on the computer network connection interface, and the dialing is successful.

RM500U-MIBM.png

RM50XQ-Driver :[Software 1]

GPS Positioning

Connect the passive GPS antenna to the GNSS antenna interface of the module(RM500Q-GL is ANT2;RM500Q-AE and RM502Q-AE is ANT3), and place the antenna outdoors facing the sky.Then send the AT command to turn on the GPS:

AT+QGPS=1        //Turn on GPS positioning
AT+QGPSLOC=0     //Get GPS positioning

RM50XQ-GNSS-02.png
Now open the NEMA port, you can get GPS data:
RM50XQ-GNSS-02.png
Finally, turn off the GPS, you can use the AT command:

AT+QGPS=0        //Turn off GPS positioning
Quectel_RG50xQ_RM5xxQ_Series_GNSS_Application_Note :[Datasheets 5]

Working with Raspberry

Hardware Connection

Connect the 5G HAT with a double-ended usb3.0 data cable, and connect an external 5V power supply to the Type-C power supply port of the 5G HAT, as shown in the figure:

Raspberry Pi Pi 4B Pi 3B/3B+ CM4-IO-BASE
USB adapter USB3.0 adapter USB2.0 adapter USB3.0 adapter
Connection M.2-To-4G-5G-HAT-CM4.jpg M.2-To-4G-5G-HAT-Pi3B.jpg M.2-To-4G-5G-HAT-CM4.jpg
Note
It is recommended to connect an external 5V power supply at the arrow.

If it is used for PI4B, there is a matching case, and the installation diagram is as follows:

The use of Raspberry Pi OS

This configuration is only needed at the first time.

Please download the newest Raspberry Pi OS, All the settings are based on Kernel 5.5, if you use old version, plase udpate first.Make sure your Kernel version is up-to-date, else you may face issues with the driver.

5G ECM Mode Dial-up

Step 1.Uninstall Modem Manager and Network Manager

Open a terminal and run the following commands to uninstall Modem Manager and Network Manager:

sudo apt purge modemmanager -y
sudo apt purge network-manager -y

Step 2. Test 5G Module

  • Driver Testing:
    Make sure the option usb-serial driver is properly loaded to the module interfaces. Check it with the usb-devices command.
[email protected]:~ $ usb-devices
T:  Bus=02 Lev=01 Prnt=01 Port=00 Cnt=01 Dev#=  3 Spd=5000 MxCh= 0
D:  Ver= 3.20 Cls=00(>ifc ) Sub=00 Prot=00 MxPS= 9 #Cfgs=  1
P:  Vendor=2c7c ProdID=0800 Rev=04.14
S:  Manufacturer=Quectel
S:  Product=RM502Q-AE
S:  SerialNumber=377628d2
C:  #Ifs= 5 Cfg#= 1 Atr=a0 MxPwr=896mA
I:  If#=0x0 Alt= 0 #EPs= 2 Cls=ff(vend.) Sub=ff Prot=30 Driver=option
I:  If#=0x1 Alt= 0 #EPs= 3 Cls=ff(vend.) Sub=00 Prot=00 Driver=option
I:  If#=0x2 Alt= 0 #EPs= 3 Cls=ff(vend.) Sub=00 Prot=00 Driver=option
I:  If#=0x3 Alt= 0 #EPs= 3 Cls=ff(vend.) Sub=00 Prot=00 Driver=option
I:  If#=0x4 Alt= 0 #EPs= 3 Cls=ff(vend.) Sub=ff Prot=ff Driver=qmi_wwan
  • Testing with AT command:
sudo apt-get install minicom
sudo minicom -D /dev/ttyUSB2
Welcome to minicom 2.7.1

OPTIONS: I18n 
Compiled on Aug 13 2017, 15:25:34.
Port /dev/ttyUSB2

Press CTRL-A Z for help on special keys

AT
OK

Step 3. Networking Setup with AT Commands

AT+QCFG="usbnet",1
AT+CGDCONT=1,"IPV4V6","YOUR_APN" 
AT+CFUN=1,1

Wait for the modem to boot again. It may take 30 seconds. Once the modem reboots, minicom will be activated again.

After the reboot, open a new Linux terminal and check for usbX in the network interface using ifconfig or ipaddr commands.

Step 4. Test 5G Network

Once the internet is active you should see usbX in your internet interface. You can use ifconfig or ipaddr and look for usbX interface.

  • Now check the assigned IP address and test the connection.
ifconfig usb0
[email protected]:~ $ ifconfig usb0
usb0: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet 192.168.225.60  netmask 255.255.255.0  broadcast 192.168.225.255
        inet6 fe80::8543:f6a0:e678:2e20  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20
        ether 4a:aa:f8:62:36:bb  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 73  bytes 5047 (4.9 KiB)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 100  bytes 15116 (14.7 KiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0
 ping waveshare.com -I usb0 
[email protected]:~ $ ping waveshare.com -I usb0
PING waveshare.com (104.26.11.134) from 192.168.10.27 usb0: 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 104.26.11.134 (104.26.11.134): icmp_seq=1 ttl=52 time=87 ms
64 bytes from 104.26.11.134 (104.26.11.134): icmp_seq=2 ttl=52 time=82 ms
64 bytes from 104.26.11.134 (104.26.11.134): icmp_seq=3 ttl=52 time=92 ms
64 bytes from 104.26.11.134 (104.26.11.134): icmp_seq=4 ttl=52 time=73 ms
64 bytes from 104.26.11.134 (104.26.11.134): icmp_seq=5 ttl=52 time=75 ms

5G HAT Power or Reset Control

The 5G HAT is provided with PWR and RESET control pins, and the Raspberry Pi can control the module power on/off or reset through the high and low levels of these two pins.

  • Turn the PWR and RST setting switches to the right to enable Pi control:
    M.2-TO-4G-5G-HAT-PWR-RST-PINS-SETTING.jpg
  • Power Control:The following demonstrates the Shell script to control the PWR (D5 PIN) as an example:
cd /sys/class/gpio
echo 5 > export

cd gpio5
echo out > direction
echo 1 > value    #set to high level to shut down the 5G module
echo 0 > value    #set to low level to power on the 5G module
echo 5 > unexport
  • Reset Control:The following demonstrates the Shell script to control the Reset (D6 PIN) as an example:
cd /sys/class/gpio
echo 6 > export

cd gpio6
echo out > direction
echo 1 > value    #set to high level to shut down the 5G module
sleep 1           #wait for 1 second
echo 0 > value    #set to low level to power on the 5G module
echo 5 > unexport

The use of OpenWRT

Introduction to OpenWRT

Soft routing is using desktops or servers and other equipment with software. It mainly depends on the settings of the software to achieve the functions of the router. The hard routing is a unique hardware device, including a processor, power supply, and embedded software to provide router functionality.
OpenWrt is a very popular soft routing system. It is a highly modular and highly automated embedded Linux system with powerful network components and scalability. It is often used in industrial control equipment, routers, and other equipment.
In addition to the functions of general home routers, OpenWrt soft routing can also achieve port forwarding, intranet penetration, 4G networking, FTP server and more powerful functions.

Related tutorials

Please refer to: Github

5G network speed test

In the speed measurement part, because the Raspberry Pi comes with a Gigabit Ethernet port, and there are few USB network cards above Gigabit, we use the SpeedTest For Python tool to perform speed measurement by the commands. Connect to the terminal of OpenWrt and enter the commands one by one to measure the speed:

## Raspberry Pi OS
sudo apt install speedtest-cli
speedtest      # or use speedtest_cli

or

## OpenWRT
opkg update   
opkg install python3
opkg install python3-pip
pip install speedtest_cli 
speedtest      # or use speedtest_cli

Working with Jetson Nano

Hardware Connection

Connect the 5G HAT with a double-ended usb3.0 data cable, and connect an external 5V power supply to the Type-C power supply port of the 5G HAT, as shown in the figure:
RM500U-jetson.png

Load USB Device Descriptor

In order to identify the module, the module's VID and PID information needs to be added to the file [kernel]

  • View VID and PID of RM500U
lsusb

RM500Q GL VID PID.png
Added VID sum PID

sudo apt-get install unzip
wget https://www.waveshare.com/w/upload/0/09/RM5XXQ_For_Jetson_nano.zip
unzip RM5XXQ_For_Jetson_nano.zip
sudo chmod 777 -R RM5XXQ_For_Jetson_nano
cd RM5XXQ_For_Jetson_nano
sudo ./install.sh
sudo reboot
Please do not delete or modify the four directory files of option directory, default.script and install.sh, otherwise it will affect the loading of device descriptors!

After successfully adding the PID and restarting Jetson nano, enter the following command in the command line interface to display five device symbols USB0-USB4

ls /dev/ttyUSB*

Jetson-nano-vid.png

RNDIS

  • Enable minicom
sudo apt-get install minicom
sudo minicom -D /dev/ttyUSB2
  • Send the following command ECM in minicom
AT+CPIN?
AT+QCFG="usbnet",3
AT+CFUN=1,1

Rndis-dial.png
After the module restarts, the NET light is on, use the following command to check the network status (optional)

AT+QENG="servingcell"

Get the IP and set the DNS with the following commands:

sudo dhclient -v usb1
sudo apt-get install udhcpc
sudo udhcpc -i usb1
sudo route add -net 0.0.0.0 usb1

After dialing, you can see that usb1 gets the ip through the following command:

ip route

Ip-route.png
Test usb1 networking status

 ping -I usb1 www.baidu.com

Ip-route2.png

Resources

Software

Assembly drawing

Datasheets


FAQ

 Answer:
RM500U-CN is based on UNISOC platform, mainly used in China
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 Answer:
The 5G module consumes a lot of power, especially at the moment of network access; the Raspberry Pi has limited power supply capacity, and can be powered by a 5V (3A) power supply through the onboard TYPE-C interface.
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 Answer:

If usbX interface is not visible reboot your whole system, check your SIM, antenna, module and USB. Then check the configuration of the module.

AT+QCFG="usbnet" # Should return 1

Check the SIM is detected by the module.

AT+CPIN? # Should return READY

Check if the module is registered to the network.

AT+CEREG? # Should return 0,1 or 0,5

Check the APN is right and have an IP.

AT+CGCONTRDP # Should return the APN details and IP address.
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Support

If you require technical support, please go to the Support page and open a ticket.