Compute-Module-4

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Compute Module 4
Compute-Module-4-1.jpg
Raspberry Pi Compute Module 4 IO Board
Compute-Module-4-IO-Board-1.jpg
CM4-IO-BOARD-CASE-A
CM4-IO-BOARD-CASE-A.jpg
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Overview

Introduction

I am the 4th generation IO board of the Raspberry Pi Compute Module. The Compute Module 4 IO Board is a baseboard officially released by the Raspberry Pi that can be used with the Raspberry Pi Compute Module 4. It can be used as the development system of the Compute Module 4 and as Embedded boards are integrated into end products, or systems can be created quickly using off-the-shelf components such as Raspberry Pi HAT and PCIe modules. Its interface is concentrated on the same side, which is convenient for users to use.

Product dimension

Compute Module 4 IO Board
Compute Module 4 IO Board 1.png

Compute Module 4 IO Board Compute Module 4 IO Board 5.png

For more description, please visit: module 4_IO board

Notes

Do not plug or unplug any device while it is powered on.

Writing Image

USB2.0

The USB port is disabled by default on the CM4 to save power. If you need to start, you need to add the following to the config.txt file:

 dtoverlay=dwc2,dr_mode=host

After restarting:

If you use the latest Raspberry Pi OS (image after October 30, 2021) USB2.0 is OTG mode by default, CM4 will report an error:

 config failed, hub doesn't have any ports! (err -19)

However, USB can still be used. If you want to remove this error, remove otg_mode=1 in [cm4] of config.txt, and add dtoverlay=dwc2, dr_mode=host (USB cannot be recognized without adding it).
CM4 Burn EMMC 12.png

PCIe Gen 2 x 1

PCle sockets are designed to accept standard PC PCle cards. You should make sure you have an OS driver for your card.
The PCle link has been successfully used with NVMe drives via a passive PCle adapter.
Note: PCle interface does not support MSI-X. Typical PCle devices will fall back to MSI.

RTC FAN

This extended version only supports 12V.

  • Note: Please connect the fan before turning on the power of the baseboard and then complete the test. Please do not connect the fan after the baseboard is powered on, because the fan control chip has been powered on, otherwise, the chip will be burned!
  • Note: Before connecting, please confirm whether the rated voltage of the fan is consistent with the voltage connected to the fan.

Please note that DSI and CSI are prohibited when using RTC.
I2C-10 is used by default.

RTC (PCF85063a) on i2c-10, address is 0 x 51 (7-bit address)
FAN (EMC2301) on i2c-10, address is 0 x 2f (7-bit address)

If you need to add it to your program instead of the kernel, you can refer to the C and Python demo reference click here.

RTC

sudo nano /boot/config.txt
 #Add the following lines at the end
 dtparam=i2c_vc=on
 dtoverlay=i2c-rtc,pcf85063a,i2c_csi_dsi
 #Add # in front of dtparam=audio=on
 #dtparam=audio=on
 #Save and exit, restart
 sudo reboot

How to use Hwclock

Synchronize system clock to hardware clock:

sudo hwclock -w

Synchronize hardware clock to system clock:

sudo hwclock -s
 #The network or the NTP needs to be closed, otherwise it will be changed back.

Set the hardware clock time:

sudo hwclock --set --date="9/8/2021 16:45:05"

View hardware clock:

sudo hwclock -r

Display version information:

sudo hwclock --verbose

Fan

When powered on, the fan will spin for 1 second, then stop for 2 seconds, and then spin again, this is a normal phenomenon
There is no official configuration method for the fan currently, there is a third-party configuration method: https://github.com/neg2led/cm4io-fan
This method is published by a third party, and we are not responsible for any problems!

sudo apt-get install dkms 
mkdir -p ~/src
cd ~/src
git clone https://github.com/neg2led/cm4io-fan.git
cd cm4io-fan
sudo chmod 777 install.sh
sudo  ./install.sh

#If an error message appears: Your kernel headers for kernel 5.XX.XX-v7l+ cannot be found at
#After rebooting the device, you can execute it:

#The following is the description of config.txt
#############################
Name:   cm4io-fan
Info:   Raspberry Pi Compute Module 4 IO Board fan controller
Load:   dtoverlay=cm4io-fan,<param>[=<val>]
Params: minrpm             RPM target for the fan when the SoC is below 
                            mintemp (default 3500)
        maxrpm              RPM target for the fan when the SoC is above
                            maxtemp (default 5500)
        midtemp             Temperature (in millicelcius) at which the fan
                            begins to speed up (default 50000)
        midtemp_hyst        Temperature delta (in millicelcius) below mintemp
                            at which the fan will drop to minrpm (default 2000)
        maxtemp             Temperature (in millicelcius) at which the fan 
                            will be held at maxrpm (default 70000)
        maxtemp_hyst        Temperature delta (in millicelcius) below maxtemp
                            at which the fan begins to slow down (default 2000)
#############################

Or directly refer to the following:

dtoverlay=cm4io-fan,minrpm=500,maxrpm=5000,midtemp=45000,midtemp_hyst=2000,maxtemp=50000,maxtemp_hyst=2000

The fan will start to accelerate when the temperature is higher than 45 degrees Celsius, and will up to the highest speed when higher than 50 degrees Celsius.

CSI DSI

Configuration file

CSI and DSI are disabled by default. When using the camera and DSI, it will occupy three I2C devices: I2C-10, I2C-11, and I2C-0.

  • Open a terminal and run the following commands:
sudo apt-get install p7zip-full -y
wget https://files.waveshare.com/upload/7/75/CM4_dt_blob.7z
7z x CM4_dt_blob.7z -O./CM4_dt_blob
sudo chmod 777 -R CM4_dt_blob
cd CM4_dt_blob/
# If using two cameras and DSI1, please execute:
sudo dtc -I dts -O dtb -o /boot/dt-blob.bin dt-blob-disp1-double_cam.dts
# When using any DSI, there is no image output on HDMI1. Even if you do not connect a DSI screen, as long as the corresponding file is compiled, there will be no output on HDMI1.
# To restore it, simply delete the corresponding dt-blob.bin file: sudo rm -rf /boot/dt-blob.bin"
#Execution is complete, power off and reboot CM4


New Version (Bullseye)

Camera Config

  1. Execute the following commands to edit "/boot/config.txt" file.
    sudo nano /boot/config.txt
  2. Block or remove the automatic camera detection statement:
    CM4-NANO-B002.png
  3. Add the driver of the camera you are using, here I take IMX219 as an example and connect it to CAM0, and attach the adapter.
    CM4-NANO-B003.png
    Model CAM0 Set Sentence CAM1 Set Sentence
    OV9281 dtoverlay=ov9281,cam0 dtoverlay=ov9281,cam1
    IMX290/IMX327 dtoverlay=imx290,clock-frequency=37125000,cam0 dtoverlay=imx290,clock-frequency=37125000,cam1
    IMX378 dtoverlay=imx378,cam0 dtoverlay=imx378,cam1
    IMX219 dtoverlay=imx219,cam0 dtoverlay=imx219,cam1
    IMX477 dtoverlay=imx477,cam0 dtoverlay=imx477,cam1
    IMX708 dtoverlay=imx708,cam0 dtoverlay=imx708,cam1
    • If you are using the official Raspberry Pi camera and only one camera is connected, there is no need to set the config file. If it is not an official camera, set the "dtoverlay" statement without the "cam" suffix.
    • CM4-NANO - only CAM0 is used, so you only need to add "dtoverlay=imx219,cam0".
    4. Press Ctrl+o to save the file and then press Enter.
    CM4-NANO-B004.png
    5. Ctrl+x to exit the editor.
    6. Reboot the Raspberry Pi.
    sudo reboot
    

Camera Test

  1. Enter the camera detection command, you can see that the camera is detected by now.
    libcamera-hello --list-cameras
    

    CM4-NANO-B005.png

  2. Display the camera screen on the desktop.
  3. libcamera-hello -t
    
  4. Taking photos.
    libcamera-jpeg -o test.jpg
    
  5. Record a video of 10s.
    libcamera-vid -t 10000 -o test.h264
    
  6. Other Commands
    Check whether the camera is detected:
    libcamera-hello --list-cameras

    Open the corresponding cameras:

    libcamera-hello  --camera 1
    libcamera-hello  --camera 0
    

    Take a photo:

    libcamera-jpeg -o test.jpg
    #Add --camera to specify a camera 
    

Old Version (Buster)

Camera Config

    1. Execute the following command to enter the Raspberry Pi configuration.
    sudo raspi-config

    2. Choose Interfacing Options and enter.
    Interface.png
    3. Choose Camera:
    Camera.png
    4. Choose to enable the camera interface.
    Camera2.png
    5. The system prompts as follows:
    Prompt.png
    6. Back to the main interface, select Finish.
    Finish.png
    7. Reboot the system.
    Finish2.png


    Camera Test

    raspistill -o image.jpg
    
    • Test the recording function:
    raspivid -o video.h264 -t 10000
    
      • Where -t 10000 means recording for 10 seconds, users can adjust according to their own needs.
      • Please refer to CSI.

Resource

Official Manual

Program

Sample demo (Unofficial Example):

FAQ

 Answer:
a) Check whether dtparam -audio - on is blocked in /boot/config.txt.
b) Check whether the /boot/dt-blob.bin file exists, if it cannot be used, delete it.


 Answer:

At present, CAM1 is the default in use. If you want to use CAM0, you'll need to follow the instructions in the configuration file to set up the camera for CAM0. If you want to use both interfaces simultaneously, you'll need to configure it using the dual-camera method.

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Support



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