TSL25911 Light Sensor

From Waveshare Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

TSL25911 Light Sensor
Ambient Light Detecting
TSL25911-Light-Sensor-1.jpg

Light Sensor, detects the ambient light intensity, I2C interface
{{{name2}}}

{{{name3}}}

{{{name4}}}

{{{name5}}}

Primary Attribute
Category: Sensors, Light
{{{userDefinedInfo}}}: {{{userdefinedvalue}}}
Brand: Waveshare
Website
English: Website
Chinese: 网站
Onboard Interfaces
I2C
Related Products

Introduction

This module is an ambient light sensor with TSL25911 as its core. It can sense the ambient light intensity around and output it through the I2C interface. The output data uses a formula to derive the illuminance in lux (ambient light intensity) to approximate the human eye response.

More

Specifications

  • Light sensor: TSL25911FN
  • Communication interface: I2C (constant address: 0x29)
  • Effective range: 0~88000Lux
  • Operating voltage: 3.3V/5V
  • Dimensions: 27mm × 20mm
  • Mounting hole size: 2.0mm

Pinouts

Pin Instruction
VCC 3.3V / 5V
GND GND
SDA MCU.I2C data line
SCL MCU.I2C clock line
INT interrupt output, optional

Hardware Description

Chip

This product uses TSL25911FN, which is a light intensity digitizer based on IIC bus communication. The sensor combines a wideband photodiode (visible and infrared) and an infrared response photodiode on a single CMOS integrated circuit that provides near-light adaptive response over an effective 16-bit dynamic range (16-bit resolution). Two integral ADCs convert the photodiode current into a digital output representing the irradiance measured on each channel. The digital output can be inputted to a microprocessor where an empirical formula is used to derive illuminance in lux (ambient light level) to approximate the human eye response.

Timing analysis

TSL2591 use I2C interface, has a data line and a clock signal line. There are three types of signals will be used during the I2C bus data transmissing. They are Start signal, Stop signal, and Ack signal.
TSL25911 Light Sensor-1.png
Start signal: When SCL is HIGH and SDA jumps from HIGH to LOW, the data transmission starts. Stop signal: When SCL is HIGH and SDA jumps from LOW to HIGH, the data transmission stops. Ack signal: When the receiver IC have received 8 bit of data, it will send out a special LOW level pulse to the transmitter IC to indicate that the data have been received.

I2C Write

TSL25911 Light Sensor-2.png
At the beginning, the Host (here is STM32, and we will call it the Host hereafter) sends out a start signal, and combines the 7 bit of I2C slave address with the Write bit, then, sends this 8 bit of data to the Slave (here is TSL2581 sensor, and we will refer it to the Slave hereafter). Then, the Slave sends back an ACK signal when it has received the data. The Host transmits the slave address of the command register to the Slave as soon as it received the ACK signal. And the Slave responds an ACK signal when it has received the slave address. By following, the Host sends the data to the Slave. And the Slave responds an ACK signal once again. The I2C writing operation will be continued till the Host sends out a stop signal.

I2C Read

TSL25911 Light Sensor-3.png
At the beginning, the Host sends out a start signal, and combines the 7 bit of I2C slave address with the Write bit, then, sends this 8 bit of data to the Slave. Then, the Slave sends back an ACK signal when it has received the data. The Host transmits the slave address of the command register to the Slave as soon as it received the ACK signal. And the Slave responds an ACK signal when it has received the slave address. At this moment, the Host sends out a start signal once again, and combines its 7 bit of slave address with Read bit, then, sends this 8 bit data to the Slave. And then, the Slave responds an ACK signal to the Host when it has received the data, and sends out the data stored in the Slave register to the Host. The Host sends back an ACK signal as soon as it received the value. The I2C communication will be continued, till the Host sends out a stop signal.

I2C address

The I2C address of the TSL25911 is as follows:0x29

TSL25911 Light Sensor-4.png
P28 of the TSL25911 datasheet
Note: The device address of 0x29 is 7 bits, and the 8-bits device address required to be shifted to 0x52 by moving 1 bit to high position.

Raspberry Pi application

Open the I2C

  • Open the terminal and execute the code as follow :
 sudo raspi-config 
 Select Interfacing Options -> i2c-> yes to start the I2C  driver

TSL25911 Light Sensor-5.png</br>

  • Then restart Raspberry Pi:
 sudo reboot

Install libraries

  • Install BCM2835 libraries
 wget http://www.airspayce.com/mikem/bcm2835/bcm2835-1.60.tar.gz
 tar zxvf bcm2835-1.60.tar.gz 
 cd bcm2835-1.60/
 sudo ./configure
 sudo make
 sudo make check
 sudo make install
 # For more code, please refer to our official website http://www.airspayce.com/mikem/bcm2835/
  • Install wiringPi libraries
 sudo apt-get install wiringpi
 #For Raspberry Pi 4B, an upgrade may be required:
 cd /tmp
 wget https://project-downloads.drogon.net/wiringpi-latest.deb
 sudo dpkg -i wiringpi-latest.deb
 gpio -v
 #Running gpio -v will appear version 2.52. If not, the installation is wrong.

Hardware connection

TSL25911 Light Sensor-6.jpg

TCS34725 Color Sensor Raspberry Pi(BCM)
VCC 3.3V
GND GND
SDA SDA(2)
SCL SCL(3)
INT 4

Download and run the test examples

 sudo apt-get install p7zip-full
 wget http://www.waveshare.net/w/upload/b/bc/TSL2591X_Light_Sensor_code.7z
 7z x TSL2591X_Light_Sensor_code.7z -r -o./TSL2591X_Light_Sensor_code
 sudo chmod 777 -R  TSL2591X_Light_Sensor_code

You can clone the project on our Github:

 sudo git clone https://github.com/waveshare/TSL2591X-Light-Sensor
  • C code
 cd c
 make clean
 make
 sudo ./main

Expected result
TSL25911 Light Sensor-7.png

  • Python code
 cd python
 sudo python main.py     

Expected result
TSL25911 Light Sensor-8.png

STM32 application

Download the example from Waveshare Wiki and unzip it. The STM32 projects are located at the path ~/STM32/… Open \XNUCLEO-F103RB\MDK-ARM\demo.uvprojx project with Keil uVision5.

The example is based on HAL library. The development board used for the test is XNUCLEO-F103RB of Waveshare, wich chip is STM32F103RBT6. 

If you want to port the examples for other STM32 chip, or change to standard libraries, you can only modify the DEV_Config.c and .h files to implement the functions and acro definitions. You can also use STM32CubeMX to port example. The example uses UART3 (PA3, PA3) to output debug information. It is set to 115200, 8N1.

Hardware connection

The connection is shown in the following table:

TCS34725 Color Sensor STM32
VCC 3.3V
GND GND
SDA SDA/D14/PB9
SCL SCL/D15/PB8
INT D8/PA9

Expected Result

Open the serial port assistant software on the computer and select the corresponding port to check the output data:
TSL25911 Light Sensor-9.png

Arduino

Download the example from Waveshare Wiki and unzip it. The Arduino projects are located at the path ~/Arduino/…

Copy the folder in the Arduino directory to the library in the Arduino installation directory.

Open the Arduino IDE: Click File-> Example to see if there is a TSL25911 option.

If so,the library is imported successful, open TSL25911-demo, select the corresponding COM port, download it to UNO, open the serial monitor, and check the data outputed.

Hareware connenction

TCS34725 Color Sensor Arduino
VCC 3.3V/5V
GND GND
SDA SDA
SCL SCL

Expected result

The figure below shows the data of the test:
TSL25911 Light Sensor-10.png

Resources

FAQ

Question:
What happens if the Raspberry Pi is applied incorrectly??
Answer:
If the example of running the wiringPi are normal, then running python or BCM2835 may refresh the screen abnormally,Because the library of bcm2835 is the library function of the Raspberry Pi cpu , operating register directly.And the bottoms of the wiringPi library and python are to read and write linux system device files to opera devices ,which may cause the GPIO port to be abnormal.Restart the Raspberry Pi to solve the problem perfectly.


Question:
STM32 and Arduino examples serial output has no data or data output garbled?
Answer:
Make sure that is it the baud rate set to 115200? For the STM32 examples, make sure that the computer is connected to the development board USART2 (PA2, PA3) properly , PA2 is TXD. And select the correct COM port:Control Panel -> Hardware -> Device Manager.

TSL25911 Light Sensor-11.png


Question:
The output data of the examples is 0 or the initialization failed ?

TSL25911 Light Sensor-12.png

Answer:
Please check the connection of the pins..



Support

Mail.png Contact your seller (fast response and most recommended)

or send emails to [email protected] (not fast enough but please be patient) for help.

Our working time: 09:00-18:00 (UTC+8 Monday to Saturday)