MLX90640-D110 Thermal Camera

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MLX90640-D110 Thermal Camera
MLX90640-D55-Thermal-Camera

MLX90640 IR Array Thermal Imaging Camera, 32×24 Pixels, 55° Field of View, I2C Interface
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Onboard Interfaces
I2C

Instruction

This is a 32×24 pixels, 55° field of view, IR array thermal imaging camera, communicating via I2C interface. It is compatible with 3.3V/5V operating voltage, supports host platforms such as Raspberry Pi/Arduino(ESP32)/STM32, etc.

Features

  • Adopts MLX90640 far-infrared thermal sensor array, 32×24 pixels
  • Communicating via I2C interface, configurable to fast mode (up to 1MHz data rate)
  • Noise Equivalent Temperature Difference (NETD) 0.1K RMS @1Hz refresh rate
  • Onboard voltage translator, compatible with 3.3V/5V operating voltage
  • Comes with development resources and manual (examples for Raspberry Pi/Arduino(ESP32)/STM32)

Specification

Operating voltage: 3.3V/5V Operating current: <23mA Communication interface: I2C (address 0x33) Field of view (Horizontal×Vertical):

  • MLX90640-D55 Thermal Camera: 55°×35° (narrow angle FOV, suit for long range measuring)
  • MLX90640-D110 Thermal Camera: 110°×75° (wide angle FOV, suit for short range measuring)
  • Operating temperature: -40℃~85℃
  • Target temperature: -40℃~300℃
  • Resolution: ±1℃
  • Refresh rate: 0.5Hz~64Hz (programmable)
  • Dimensions: 28mm×16 mm
  • Mounting hole size: 2.0mm

Interface

  • VCC: Connect to 3,3V (MCU)
  • GND: Connect to GND (MCU)
  • SDA: Connect to SDA pin of I2C interface (MCU)
  • SCL: Connect to SCL pin of I2C interface (MCU)

Communication protocol

The communication protocol of MLX90640-D55 Thermal Camera is I2C, which supports I2C high-speed mode (up to 1MHz), and can only be used as a slave device on the I2C bus. The SDA and SCL ports can withstand 5V voltage and can be directly connected to the 5V I2C bus , the device address of the module can be programmed, there can be up to 127 addresses, the factory default value is 0x33. Like the general I2C bus, there are three types of signals in the process of data transmission: start signal, end signal and response signal
MLX90640-D55 Thermal Camera 020.jpg
Start signal: SCL is high level, SDA is converted from high level to low level.
End signal: SCL is high level, SDA is converted from low level to high level.
It can be seen that the start signal and the end signal are completed when the SCL bus is high.
MLX90640-D55 Thermal Camera 021.jpg
Response signal: During the 9th clock period after each byte transmission, the sending data end device releases the SDA bus, and the receiving data end device pulls down the SDA bus to indicate the received byte (ACK), or the SDA bus is high Ping no acknowledgment (NoACK).

MLX90640 Thermal Camera manual-1.png

Device Address: The master addresses the slave by sending a 7-bit slave address after a START condition. The first seven bits are dedicated to this address, and the 8th is the read/write (R/W) bit. This bit indicates the transfer direction, The high level means that the master will read data from the slave, and the low level means that the master will send data to the slave.

MLX90640 Thermal Camera manual-2.png

The MLX90640-D55 Thermal Camera consists of a total of 768 IR sensors (also called pixels). The row and column positions of each pixel are identified as Pixel(i, j), where i is its row number (from 1 to 24), and j is Its column number (from 1 to 32), the pixel specific to a certain plane can refer to the above figure

  • It should be noted that the original sensor is allowed to have less than 4 dead points when the sensor leaves the factory,and each dead point is marked in the EEPROM table, so the module may have a certain probability of dead points, that is to say, this cannot be used as a return. According to the goods, the original recommendation for this is to use the average value of adjacent pixels instead.

Memory and registers

MLX90640 Thermal Camera manual-3.png

The above picture shows the distribution of RAM area and control registers of MLX90640, in which there are two data modes in RAM area, and EEPROM is used to store calibration constants and device configuration parameters, as shown in the following figure:

MLX90640 Thermal Camera manual-4.png

Refresh rate

This module support 8 kinds of refresh rate, up to 64Hz. The refresh rate is configured by registers 1-0x800D

MLX90640 Thermal Camera manual-6.png

The settings of the 8 refresh rates are determined by bit 7, bit 8, and bit 9 of the control register 1 (0x800D), among which there are chess mode (factory default setting), TV interleave mode, as shown below:

MLX90640 Thermal Camera manual-7.png TV interleave mode

MLX90640 Thermal Camera manual-8.png

The array frame is divided into two subpages and depending on bit 12 in “Control register 1” (0x800D). As a standard the MLX90640 is calibrated in Chess pattern mode, this results in better-fixed pattern noise behavior of the sensor when in chess pattern mode. For best results, we advise to use chess pattern mode.

Temperature measurement principle and measurement distance

Temperature measurement principle

What is infrared temperature measurement?(quoted from OPTRIS)

Next to time, temperature is the most frequently measured physical property. Infrared temperature measurement devices define the temperature according to the radiation law of Planck and Boltzmann through infrared radiation released by the measured object. But how does non-contact temperature measurement work?

Each body, with a temperature above the absolute zero of 0 K (-273.15°C) emits an electromagnetic radiation from its surface, which is proportional to its intrinsic temperature. A part of this radiation is infrared radiation which is used to measure temperature. The radiation of the body penetrates the atmosphere and can be focused on a detector element with the help of a lens. The detector element generates an electrical signal proportional to the radiation. This signal is amplified and, using successive digital signal processing, is transformed into an output signal proportional to the object temperature. The measuring value can be shown on a display or released as a signal.

The emissivity ε (Epsilon) has a central importance, if the temperature is measured through radiation. The emissivity defines the relation of the radiation value in real and of the black body. This is maximal 1 for a black body. But only few bodies meet the ideal of the black body. For the calibration of sensors contact faces of radiators are generally used, which consists of the favoured wave length of 0.99.

Many bodies have a constant emissivity regarding the wave length, but do emit far less radiation than black bodies. They are called grey bodies. Bodies whos emissivity depends on the temperature and the wave length, such as metals, are called selective radiator. The missing radiation part is compensated in both cases through the definition of emissivity. When using a selective radiator, one needs to bear in mind the measured wave length (short-wave for metal).

The infrared sensor receives the emitted radiation from the object surface, but also reflected radiation form the surroundings and perhaps penetrated infrared radiation from the measuring object.

Measurement distance

The FOV of this module is determined by 50% radiation signal which is received by the thermopile, it is also influenced by the main axis of the sensor. The temperature measured is the weighted average of the detected object's temperature in FOV. To improve the accuracy, you should make sure that the detected object is in the FOV totally.

MLX90640-D55 Thermal Camera 030.jpg

For the relationship between the measurement distance and the field of view, please refer to the calculation formula shown in the following figure mentioned by Melexis
MLX90640-D55 Thermal Camera 036.jpg

Examples

Raspberry Pi

1. When using the sensor, please pay attention to avoid directly contact with the onboard IC devices by your hands, Pay attention to prevent static electricity and check the power supply to prevent reverse connection before powering on.

2. When the sensor is working, please avoid excessive vibration and do not plug or unplug cables. Since the core device MLX90640 has EEPROM, which will easily damaged by vibration and hot plug.

Hardware connection
MLX90640-D55 Thermal Camera 031.jpg
Raspberry Pi MLX90640 Thermal Camera
5V 5V
GND GND
SDA(BCM2) SDA
SCL(BCM3) SCL

Use

Enter the following commands in the Raspberry Pi terminal. The first command enables hardware I2C. If it has been set, you can skip this command. The relevant settings are as follows:

sudo raspi-config
cd ~
wget https://www.waveshare.net/w/upload/c/c9/Mlx90640_thermal_camera.zip
unzip Mlx90640_thermal_camera.zip
cd mlx90640_thermal_camera/RaspberryPi/cpp/
chmod +x install.sh
sudo ./install.sh
make
sudo ./main

MLX90640-D55 Thermal Camera 099.jpg


If the detecting has delay, you can try to modify the i2c speed in config.txt file
sudo nano /boot/config.txt
Add the line below to the config.txt file, reboot and check it again
dtparam=i2c1_baudrate=1000000

STM32

1. When using the sensor, please pay attention to avoid directly contact with the onboard IC devices by your hands, Pay attention to prevent static electricity and check the power supply to prevent reverse connection before powering on.

2. When the sensor is working, please avoid excessive vibration and do not plug or unplug cables. Since the core device MLX90640 has EEPROM, which will easily damaged by vibration and hot plug.

Hardware connection
MLX90640-D55 Thermal Camera 032.jpg
STM32 MLX90640 Thermal Camera
5V 5V
GND GND
SDA(PB11) SDA
SCL(PB10) SCL

ESP32

1. When using the sensor, please pay attention to avoid directly contact with the onboard IC devices by your hands, Pay attention to prevent static electricity and check the power supply to prevent reverse connection before powering on.

2. When the sensor is working, please avoid excessive vibration and do not plug or unplug cables. Since the core device MLX90640 has EEPROM, which will easily damaged by vibration and hot plug.

Hardware connection
MLX90640-D55 Thermal Camera 034.jpg
ESP32 MLX90640 Thermal Camera
5V 5V
GND GND
SDA(P21) SDA
SCL(P22) SCL

Test result

MLX90640-D55 Thermal Camera 001.gif

FAQ

 Answer:

A tester is 178cm tall, stands in 1M far, shakes his hand backward. The focus disappears when the tester is farther than 9M. When the test away to 2M far, the camera loses the body contour. The Camera supports Maximum 64Hz.

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Resources

Documents

Demo codes

Supports

If you require technical support, please go to the Support page and open a tickets.