Mini Base Board (B) Designed For Raspberry Pi Compute Module 4
1: Do not plug and unplug any device except USB and HDMI while the baseboard is working.
2: This model only supports a 5V fan and cannot work with the 12V fan. Please confirm the fan voltage before connecting.
3: The DSI Display Port is connecting the DSI0 interface of the CM4, and doesn't use the DSI1 display interface.
4: The Type C interface can be used for the power supply or USB SLAVE interface for burning the image.
5: In order to ensure the normal power supply of CM4, please do not connect other devices when using the Type C interface to burn the image.
6: It needs to use a 5V 2A power supply for CM4. Otherwise, problems such as automatic shutdown, frequency reduction, etc. may occur.
7: When using the M.2 interface, please use the matching screws. Using screws of other lengths may cause the CM4 core to be damaged by the screws.
8: The module doesn't have any protection circuit, please do not short-circuit the power supply.
9: USB2.0 is closed by default, if you need to open it, you need to add dtoverlay=dwc2,dr_mode=host in config.txt.
10.The HDMI1 can be used by a flat cable output, if you need to use it, you can purchase an HDMI adapter.
11. If you need to use USB3/4 and HDMI1 port at the same time, you can purchase a USB HDMI Adpter. 12. This expansion board does not support the POE function.
What's on board
|1||CM4 connector||Suitable for all versions of Compute Module 4|
|2||DC power supply/programming interface||5V/2.5A power supply, also can be used as eMMC programming interface|
|3||DISP Interface||MIPI DSI Display interface|
|4||FAN Interface||For connecting cooling fan, allows speed adjustment and measuremen, only support 5V fan.|
|5||CAM Interface||Dual MIPI CSI camera interface|
|6||HDMI0 Interface||HDMI Interface，Support 4K 30fps output|
|7||USB 2.0 Interface||2-channel USB 2.0 Interface, for connecting sorts of USB devices|
|8||Gigabit Ethernet||Gigabit Ethernet RJ45 connector, with 10 / 100 / 1000M network support|
|9||M.2 indicators||Indicating the operating status of M.2 interface|
|10||ACT indicators||Raspberry Pi operating status indicator|
|11||PWR indicators||Raspberry Pi power indicator|
|12||BOOT selection||jumper shorted: CM4 would be booted from USB-C interface |
jumper opened: CM4 would be booted from eMMC or Micro SD card
|13||40PIN GPIO Interface||Conveniently connect various HAT modules|
|14||Micro SD Card interface||For connecting a Micro SD card with pre-burnt image (Lite variant ONLY).|
|15||HDMI1 interface||HDMI1 Interface，Support 4K 30fps output|
|16||USB 2.0 interface||Can be connected through an adapter|
|17||FE1.1S||USB HUB chip, expanding one USB port to 4x ports|
|18||M.2 Interface||Supports sorts of NVME SSD, or communication modules with PCIE M.2 KEY-M interface|
|19||RTC||Allows RTC-related functions like wakeup, shutdown, reboot, and more|
|20||RTC interrupt pin switch||PI-RUN: CM4 reboot on RTC interruption|
GN-EN: CM4 shutdown on RTC interruption
D4: D4 pin is triggered on RTC interruption
|21||EMC2301||Fan controller, for speed adjustment / measurement|
|22||RTC Battery connector||Can be connected to CR1220 button battery|
- Write Image for Compute Module Boards eMMC version
- Write Image for Compute Module Boards Lite version
The USB port is disabled by default on the CM4 to save power. If you need to start, you need to add the following to the config.txt file:
If you use the latest Raspberry Pi OS (image after October 30, 2021) USB2.0 is OTG mode by default, CM4 will report an error:
config failed, hub doesn't have any ports! (err -19)
The M.2 interface type is M KEY, which only supports PCIE channel devices (including NVME solid state, etc.), and does not support SATA hard disks.
Some adapter cards are supported, and the PCIE channel is used. Some devices cannot be driven by the official Raspberry Pi image, and the kernel needs to be recompiled.
- Note: Please connect the fan before turning on the power of the base board and then complete the test. Please do not connect the fan after the base board is powered on, because the fan control chip has been powered on, otherwise the chip will be burned!
- Note: Before connecting, please confirm whether the rated voltage of the fan is consistent with the voltage actually connected to the fan.
Please note that DSI and CSI are prohibited when using RTC.
I2C-10 is used by default
RTC (PCF85063a) on i2c-10, address is 0x51 (7-bit address)
FAN ( EMC2301 ) on i2c-10, address is 0x2f (7-bit address)
If you need to add it to your program instead of the kernel, you can refer to the C and Python demo reference click here
sudo nano /boot/config.txt #Add the following lines at the end dtparam=i2c_vc=on dtoverlay=i2c-rtc,pcf85063a,i2c_csi_dsi #Add # in front of dtparam=audio=on #dtparam=audio=on #Save and exit, restart sudo reboot
How to use Hwclock
Synchronize system clock to hardware clock
sudo hwclock -w
Synchronize hardware clock to system clock
sudo hwclock -s #The network or the NTP needs to be closed, otherwise it will be changed back.
Set the hardware clock time:
sudo hwclock --set --date="9/8/2021 16:45:05"
View hardware clock
sudo hwclock -r
Display version information
sudo hwclock --verbose
When powered on, the fan will spin for 1 second, then stop for 2 seconds, and then spin again, this is a normal phenomenon
There is no official configuration method for the fan currently , there is a third-party configuration method: https://github.com/neg2led/cm4io-fan
This method is published by a third party, and we are not responsible for any problems!
mkdir -p ~/src cd ~/src git clone https://github.com/neg2led/cm4io-fan.git cd cm4io-fan sudo chmod 777 install.sh sudo ./install.sh #The following is a description of config.txt ############################# Name: cm4io-fan Info: Raspberry Pi Compute Module 4 IO Board fan controller Load: dtoverlay=cm4io-fan,<param>[=<val>] Params: minrpm RPM target for the fan when the SoC is below mintemp (default 3500) maxrpm RPM target for the fan when the SoC is above maxtemp (default 5500) midtemp Temperature (in millicelcius) at which the fan begins to speed up (default 50000) midtemp_hyst Temperature delta (in millicelcius) below mintemp at which the fan will drop to minrpm (default 2000) maxtemp Temperature (in millicelcius) at which the fan will be held at maxrpm (default 70000) maxtemp_hyst Temperature delta (in millicelcius) below maxtemp at which the fan begins to slow down (default 2000) #############################
Or directly refer to the following:
The fan will start to accelerate when temperature is higher than 45 degrees Celsius, and will up to the highest speed when higher than 50 degrees Celsius.
CSI and DSI are disabled by default. When using the camera and DSI, it will occupy three I2C devices: I2C-10, I2C-11, and I2C-0.
- Open a terminal and run the following commands:
wget https://www.waveshare.net/w/upload/7/75/CM4_dt_blob_Source.zip unzip -o CM4_dt_blob_Source.zip -d ./CM4_dt_blob_Source sudo chmod 777 -R CM4_dt_blob_Source cd CM4_dt_blob_Source/ #If you want to use both cameras and DSI0 sudo dtc -I dts -O dtb -o /boot/dt-blob.bin dt-blob-disp0-double_cam.dts #If you want to ue both cameras and DSI1 sudo dtc -I dts -O dtb -o /boot/dt-blob.bin dt-blob-disp1-double_cam.dts #When using any DSI interface, HDMI1 will have no image output, even if you do not connect the DSI screen, as long as you compile the corresponding file, then HDMI1 will not output #If you need to restore, please delete the corresponding dt-blob.bin: sudo rm -rf /boot/dt-blob.bin # After execution, turn off the power and restart the CM4
And then connect the cameras and DSI display
1: Please power off the IO Board first before your connection.
2: Connect the power adapter after connecting the cameras and DSI display
3: Wait a few seconds before the screen boot up.
4: If the DSI LCD cannot display, please check if you have added /boot/dt-blob.bin. If there already has the dt-blob.bin, just try to reboot.
5: The camera needs to be enabled by raspi-config, enter sudo raspi-config on the terminal, choose Interfacing Options->Camera->Yes->Finish-Yes and reboot the system
Old Version (Buster)
- Test the Cameras:
sudo raspivid -t 0 -cs 0
sudo raspivid -t 0 -cs 1
New Version (Bullseye)
If you are using the latest Raspberry Pi OS (Bullseye):
libcamera-hello -t 0 or libcamera-hello #The new system uses dual cameras #Remove or comment out the line camera_auto_detect=1 in config.txt #camera_auto_detect=1 #Add the following lines: dtoverlay=imx219,cam1 dtoverlay=imx219,cam0 #Add the corresponding line according to the camera you use, where imx219 is the camera sensor model, and there are other sensors dtoverlay=ov5647,cam0 dtoverlay=imx219,cam0 dtoverlay=ov9281,cam0 dtoverlay=imx477,cam0 #then restart reboot #Other part of the commands: #Check if the camera is detected libcamera-hello --list-cameras #Open the corresponding camera libcamera-hello --camera 1 libcamera-hello --camera 0 #Taking Pictures libcamera-jpeg -o test.jpg #You can add --camera to specify the camera
More instructions click me
- HDMI1 is disabled if you use DSI interfaces for displaying, even if you just compile the corresponding files without connecting to the DSI screen, please note it
- Any connection of two HDMI ports can output images, not limited to which HDMI port, if two HDMI screens are connected, only HDMI0 has image output
- If you want to enable both HDMI, please delete the dt-blob.bin file with the following command:
sudo rm -rf /boot/dt-blob.bin
- Then reboot
Reference Raspberry Pi Manual
- Raspberry Pi Compute Module 4 IO Board Brief
- Raspberry Pi Compute Module 4 IO Board Datasheet
- CSI Camera Reference
- DSI Display Reference
a) Check whether dtparam -audio - on is blocked in /boot/config.txt
The sample program turns on 8-channel high-precision ADC by default. In order to ensure stability and accuracy, the program adds a delay when reading and processing data. If a higher rate is required, the delay can be commented out. The routine for optimizing the input is as follows: 30K_High-Precision_AD_HAT_Code