2.4inch LCD Module

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2.4inch LCD Module
2.4inch-LCD-Module-details-1.jpg

240 x 320
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Overview

Introduction

As a 2.4inch TFT display module with a resolution of 240 * 320, it uses the SPI interface for communication. LCD has an internal controller with basic functions, which can be used to draw points, lines, circles, and rectangles, and can display English, Chinese as well as pictures.
We provide complete supporting Raspberry Pi demos (BCM2835 library, WiringPi library, and python demos), STM32 demos, and Arduino demos.

Specification

  • Operating voltage: 3.3V/5V (When using 5V power supply, the logic voltage is 5V; When using 3.3V power supply, the logic voltage is 3.3V)
  • Interface: SPI
  • LCD Type: TFT
  • Controller: IL9341
  • Resolution: 240(V) x 320(H)RGB
  • Display Size: 36.72(H)x 48.96(V)mm
  • Pixel Size: 0.153(H)x 0.153(V)mm
  • Dimension: 70.5 x 43.3(mm)

Interface Description

Raspberry Pi hardware connection

Please connect the LCD to your Raspberry Pi by the 8PIN cable according to the table below
If you use the pin header or PH2.0 8PIN interface, you need to connect according to the following table

Connect to Raspberry Pi
LCD Raspberry Pi
BCM2835 Board
VCC 3.3V 3.3V
GND GND GND
DIN MOSI 19
CLK SCLK 23
CS CE0 24
DS 25 22
RST 27 13
BL 18 12

The 2.4inch LCD uses the PH2.0 8PIN interface, which can be connected to the Raspberry Pi according to the above table: (Please connect according to the pin definition table. The color of the wiring in the picture is for reference only, and the actual color shall prevail.)
2.4inch LCD Module 002.jpg

STM32 hardware connection

The example we provide is based on STM32F103RBT6, and the connection method provided is also the corresponding pin of STM32F103RBT6. If you need to transplant the program, please connect according to the actual pin.

STM32F103ZET connection pin correspondence
LCD STM32
VCC 3.3V
GND GND
DIN PA7
CLK PA5
CS PB6
DC PA8
RST PA9
BL PC7

Take the XNUCLEO-F103RB development board developed by our company as an example, the connection is as follows:
2.4inch LCD Module 006.jpg

Arduino hardware connection

Arduino UNO Connection pin correspondence
LCD UNO
VCC 5V
GND GND
DIN D11
CLK D13
CS D10
DC D7
RST D8
BL D9

The connection diagram is as follows (click to enlarge):

2.4inch-LCD-Module-details-7.jpg

Hardware Description

LCD and the controller

The LCD supports 12-bit, 16-bit, and 18-bit input color formats per pixel, namely RGB444, RGB565, and RGB666 three color formats, this demo uses RGB565 color format, which is also a commonly used RGB format.
For most LCD controllers, the communication mode of the controller can be configured, usually with an 8080 parallel interface, three-wire SPI, four-wire SPI, and other communication methods. This LCD uses a four-wire SPI communication interface, which can greatly save the GPIO port, and the communication speed will be faster.

Communication Protocol

0.96inch lcd module spi.png
Note: Different from the traditional SPI protocol, the data line from the slave to the master is hidden since the device only has a display requirement.
RESX: the reset pin, it should be low when powering the module and be higher at other times;
CSX: slave chip select, when CS is low, the chip is enabled.
D/CX: data/command control pin, when DC = 0, write command, when DC = 1, write data
SDA: the data pin for transmitting RGB data, it works as the MOSI pin of SPI interface;
SCL works as the SCLK pins of SPI interface.
SPI communication has data transfer timing, which is combined by CPHA and CPOL.
CPOL determines the level of the serial synchronous clock at idle state. When CPOL = 0, the level is Low. However, CPOL has little effect to the transmission.
CPHA determines whether data is collected at the first clock edge or at the second clock edge of serial synchronous clock; when CPHL = 0, data is collected at the first clock edge.
There are 4 SPI communication modes. SPI0 is commonly used, in which CPHL = 0, CPOL = 0.

Working with Raspberry Pi

Enable SPI interface

PS: If you are using the system of the Bullseye branch, you need to change "apt-get" to "apt", the system of the Bullseye branch only supports Python3.
  • Open terminal, use command to enter the configuration page
sudo raspi-config
Choose Interfacing Options -> SPI -> Yes  to enable SPI interface

RPI open spi.png
Reboot Raspberry Pi:

sudo reboot

Please make sure the SPI is not occupied by other devices, you can check in the middle of /boot/config.txt

Install Libraries

  • Install BCM2835 libraries
#Open the Raspberry Pi terminal and run the following command
wget http://www.airspayce.com/mikem/bcm2835/bcm2835-1.71.tar.gz
tar zxvf bcm2835-1.71.tar.gz
cd bcm2835-1.71/
sudo ./configure && sudo make && sudo make check && sudo make install
# For more information, please refer to the official website: http://www.airspayce.com/mikem/bcm2835/
  • Install wiringPi libraries
#Open the Raspberry Pi terminal and run the following command
sudo apt-get install wiringpi
#For Raspberry Pi systems after May 2019 (earlier than before, you may not need to execute), you may need to upgrade:
wget https://project-downloads.drogon.net/wiringpi-latest.deb
sudo dpkg -i wiringpi-latest.deb
gpio -v
# Run gpio -v and version 2.52 will appear. If it does not appear, the installation is wrong

#Bullseye branch system use the following command:
git clone https://github.com/WiringPi/WiringPi
cd WiringPi
./build
gpio -v
# Run gpio -v and version 2.60 will appear. If it does not appear, it means that there is an installation error
  • Install Python libraries
#python2
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install python-pip
sudo apt-get install python-pil
sudo apt-get install python-numpy
sudo pip install RPi.GPIO
sudo pip install spidev
#python3
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install python3-pip
sudo apt-get install python3-pil
sudo apt-get install python3-numpy
sudo pip3 install RPi.GPIO
sudo pip3 install spidev

Download Examples

Open the Raspberry Pi terminal and run the following command

sudo apt-get install unzip -y
sudo wget https://www.waveshare.com/w/upload/a/a8/LCD_Module_RPI_code.7z
sudo unzip ./LCD_Module_RPI_code.zip -d ./LCD_Module_RPI_code/
cd LCD_Module_RPI_code/RaspberryPi/

Run the demo codes

Please go into the RaspberryPi directory (demo codes) first and run the commands in terminal

C codes

  • Re-compile the demo codes
cd c
sudo make clean
sudo make -j 8

This examples are made for multi-dusplay, you can input the type of the LCD when using.

sudo ./main <<type of LCD>>

Use the command according to LCD::

sudo ./main 0.96
sudo ./main 1.14
sudo ./main 1.3
sudo ./main 1.54
sudo ./main 1.8
sudo ./main 2
sudo ./main 2.4

python

  • Enter the python directory and run ls -al
cd python/examples
ls -l

LCD rpi python examples.png
You can check all the files which are listed in type:

0inch96_LCD_test.py     0.96inch LCD example
1inch14_LCD_test.py 1.14inch LCD example
1inch3_LCD_test.py 1.3inch LCD example
1inch54_LCD_test.py 1.54inchLCD example
1inch8_LCD_test.py 1.8inch LCD example
2inch_LCD_test.py 2inch LCD example
  • Run the example
# python2
sudo python 0inch96_LCD_test.py
sudo python 1inch14_LCD_test.py
sudo python 1inch3_LCD_test.py
sudo python 1inch54_LCD_test.py
sudo python 1inch8_LCD_test.py
sudo python 2inch_LCD_test.py
# python3
sudo python3 0inch96_LCD_test.py
sudo python3 1inch14_LCD_test.py
sudo python3 1inch3_LCD_test.py
sudo python3 1inch54_LCD_test.py
sudo python3 1inch8_LCD_test.py
sudo python3 2inch_LCD_test.py


FBCP porting

Framebuffer uses a video output device to drive a video display device from a memory buffer containing complete frame data. Simply put, a memory area is used to store the display content, and the display content can be changed by changing the data in the memory.
There is an open source project on github: fbcp-ili9341. Compared with other fbcp projects, this project uses partial refresh and DMA to achieve a speed of up to 60fps

Download Drivers

sudo apt-get install cmake -y
cd ~
wget https://www.waveshare.com/w/upload/f/f9/Waveshare_fbcp.7z
unzip Waveshare_fbcp.zip
cd Waveshare_fbcp/
sudo chmod +x ./shell/*

Method 1: Use a script (recommended)

Here we have written several scripts that allow users to quickly use fbcp and run corresponding commands according to their own screen
If you use a script and do not need to modify it, you can ignore the second method below.
Note: The script will replace the corresponding /boot/config.txt and /etc/rc.local and restart, if the user needs, please back up the relevant files in advance.

#0.96inch LCD Module
sudo ./shell/waveshare-0inch96
#1.14inch LCD Module
sudo ./shell/waveshare-1inch14
#1.3inch LCD Module
sudo ./shell/waveshare-1inch3
#1.44inch LCD Module
sudo ./shell/waveshare-1inch44
#1.54inch LCD Module
sudo ./shell/waveshare-1inch54
#1.8inch LCD Module
sudo ./shell/waveshare-1inch8
#2inch LCD Module
sudo ./shell/waveshare-2inch
#2.4inch LCD Module
sudo ./shell/waveshare-2inch4

Method 2: Manual configuration

Environment Configuration

Raspberry Pi's vc4-kms-v3d will cause fbcp to fail, so we need to close vc4-kms-v3d before installing in fbcp

sudo nano /boot/config.txt

Just block the statement corresponding to the picture below
FBCP CLOSE.jpg
A reboot is then required

sudo reboot

Compile and run

mkdir build
cd build
cmake [options] ..
sudo make -j
sudo ./fbcp

Replace it by yourself according to the LCD Module you use, above cmake [options] ..

#0.96inch LCD Module
sudo cmake -DSPI_BUS_CLOCK_DIVISOR=20 -DWAVESHARE_0INCH96_LCD=ON -DBACKLIGHT_CONTROL=ON -DSTATISTICS=0 ..
#1.14inch LCD Module
sudo cmake -DSPI_BUS_CLOCK_DIVISOR=20 -DWAVESHARE_1INCH14_LCD=ON -DBACKLIGHT_CONTROL=ON -DSTATISTICS=0 ..
#1.3inch LCD Module
sudo cmake -DSPI_BUS_CLOCK_DIVISOR=20 -DWAVESHARE_1INCH3_LCD=ON -DBACKLIGHT_CONTROL=ON -DSTATISTICS=0 ..
#1.54inch LCD Module
sudo cmake -DSPI_BUS_CLOCK_DIVISOR=20 -DWAVESHARE_1INCH54_LCD=ON -DBACKLIGHT_CONTROL=ON -DSTATISTICS=0 ..
#1.8inch LCD Module
sudo cmake -DSPI_BUS_CLOCK_DIVISOR=20 -DWAVESHARE_1INCH8_LCD=ON -DBACKLIGHT_CONTROL=ON -DSTATISTICS=0 ..
#2inch LCD Module
sudo cmake -DSPI_BUS_CLOCK_DIVISOR=20 -DWAVESHARE_2INCH_LCD=ON -DBACKLIGHT_CONTROL=ON -DSTATISTICS=0 ..
#2.4inch LCD Module
sudo cmake -DSPI_BUS_CLOCK_DIVISOR=20 -DWAVESHARE_2INCH4_LCD=ON -DBACKLIGHT_CONTROL=ON -DSTATISTICS=0 ..

Set up to start automatically

1in3 lcd fb5.png
sudo cp ~/Waveshare_fbcp/build/fbcp /usr/local/bin/fbcp
sudo nano /etc/rc.local

Add fbcp& before exit 0. Note that you must add "&" to run in the background, otherwise the system may not be able to start.

Set the display resolution

Set the user interface display size in the /boot/config.txt file.

sudo nano /boot/config.txt

Then add the following lines at the end of the config.txt.

hdmi_force_hotplug=1
hdmi_cvt=[options]
hdmi_group=2
hdmi_mode=1
hdmi_mode=87
display_rotate=0

Replace the above hdmi_cvt=[options] according to the LCD Module you are using.

#2.4inchinch LCD Module & 2inchinch LCD Module
hdmi_cvt=640 480 60 1 0 0 0

#1.8inch LCD Module
hdmi_cvt=400 300 60 1 0 0 0

#1.3inch LCD Module & 1.54inch LCD Module
hdmi_cvt=300 300 60 1 0 0 0

#1.14inch LCD Module
hdmi_cvt=300 170 60 1 0 0 0

#0.96inch LCD Module
hdmi_cvt=300 150 60 1 0 0 0

And then reboot the system

sudo reboot

After rebooting the system, the Raspberry Pi OS user interface will be displayed.

2inch LCD Module fbcp02.png

API Description

The RaspberryPi series can share a set of programs, because they are all embedded systems, and the compatibility is relatively strong.
The program is divided into bottom-layer hardware interface, middle-layer LCD screen driver, and upper-layer application;

C

Hardware interface

We have carried out the low-level encapsulation, if you need to know the internal implementation can go to the corresponding directory to check, for the reason that the hardware platform and the internal implementation are different
You can open DEV_Config.c(.h) to see definitions,which in the directory RaspberryPi\c\lib\Config

1.There are three ways for C to drive:BCM2835 library, WiringPi library and Dev library respectively
2.We use Dev libraries by default. If you need to change to  BCM2835 or WiringPi libraries ,please open RaspberryPi\c\Makefile and modify lines 13-15 as follows:  

RPI open spi1.png

  • Data type
#define UBYTE      uint8_t
#define UWORD      uint16_t
#define UDOUBLE    uint32_t
  • Module initialization and exit processing.
void DEV_Module_Init(void);
void DEV_Module_Exit(void);
Note: 
  Here is some GPIO processing before and after using the LCD screen.
  • GPIO read and write:
void 	DEV_Digital_Write(UWORD Pin, UBYTE Value);
UBYTE 	DEV_Digital_Read(UWORD Pin);
  • SPI write data
void DEV_SPI_WriteByte(UBYTE Value);

Upper application

If you need to draw pictures, or display Chinese and English characters, we provide some basic functions here about some graphics processing in the directory RaspberryPi\c\lib\GUI\GUI_Paint.c(.h).
LCD rpi GUI.png
The fonts can be found in RaspberryPi\c\lib\Fonts directory.
RPI open spi3.png

  • New Image Properties: Create a new image buffer, this property includes the image buffer name, width, height, flip Angle, color.
void Paint_NewImage(UBYTE *image, UWORD Width, UWORD Height, UWORD Rotate, UWORD Color)
Parameters:
      Image: the name of the image buffer, which is actually a pointer to the first address of the image buffer;
      Width: image buffer Width;
      Height: the Height of the image buffer;
      Rotate: Indicates the rotation Angle of an image
      Color: the initial Color of the image;
  • Select image buffer: The purpose of the selection is that you can create multiple image attributes, there can be multiple images buffer, you can select each image you create.
void Paint_SelectImage(UBYTE *image)
Parameters:
       Image: the name of the image buffer, which is actually a pointer to the first address of the image buffer;
  • Image Rotation: Set the rotation Angle of the selected image, preferably after Paint_SelectImage(), you can choose to rotate 0, 90, 180, 270.

Rotation-lcd.png

void Paint_SetRotate(UWORD Rotate)
Parameters:
        Rotate: ROTATE_0, ROTATE_90, ROTATE_180, and ROTATE_270 correspond to 0, 90, 180, and 270 degrees.
  • Image mirror flip: Set the mirror flip of the selected image. You can choose no mirror, horizontal mirror, vertical mirror, or image center mirror.
void Paint_SetMirroring(UBYTE mirror)
Parameters:
        Mirror: indicates the image mirroring mode. MIRROR_NONE, MIRROR_HORIZONTAL, MIRROR_VERTICAL, MIRROR_ORIGIN correspond to no mirror, horizontal mirror, vertical mirror, and image center mirror respectively.
  • Set points of the display position and color in the buffer: here is the core GUI function, processing points display position and color in the buffer.
void Paint_SetPixel(UWORD Xpoint, UWORD Ypoint, UWORD Color)
Parameters:
        Xpoint: the X position of a point in the image buffer
        Ypoint: Y position of a point in the image buffer
        Color: indicates the Color of the dot
  • Image buffer fill color: Fills the image buffer with a color, usually used to flash the screen into blank.
void Paint_Clear(UWORD Color)
Parameters:
        Color: fill Color
  • The fill color of a certain window in the image buffer: the image buffer part of the window filled with a certain color, usually used to fresh the screen into blank, often used for time display, fresh the last second of the screen.
void Paint_ClearWindows(UWORD Xstart, UWORD Ystart, UWORD Xend, UWORD Yend, UWORD Color)
Parameters:
        Xstart: the x-starting coordinate of the window
        Ystart: the y-starting coordinate of the window
        Xend: the x-end coordinate of the window
        Yend: the y-end coordinate of the window
        Color: fill Color
  • Draw point: In the image buffer, draw points on (Xpoint, Ypoint), you can choose the color, the size of the point, the style of the point.
void Paint_DrawPoint(UWORD Xpoint, UWORD Ypoint, UWORD Color, DOT_PIXEL Dot_Pixel, DOT_STYLE Dot_Style)
Parameters:
        Xpoint: indicates the X coordinate of a point.
        Ypoint: indicates the Y coordinate of a point.
        Color: fill Color
        Dot_Pixel: The size of the dot, the demo provides 8 size pointss by default.
              typedef enum {
                 DOT_PIXEL_1X1  = 1,	// 1 x 1
                 DOT_PIXEL_2X2  , 		// 2 X 2
                 DOT_PIXEL_3X3  , 	 	// 3 X 3
                 DOT_PIXEL_4X4  , 	 	// 4 X 4
                 DOT_PIXEL_5X5  , 		// 5 X 5
                 DOT_PIXEL_6X6  , 		// 6 X 6
                 DOT_PIXEL_7X7  , 		// 7 X 7
                 DOT_PIXEL_8X8  , 		// 8 X 8
               } DOT_PIXEL;
        Dot_Style: the size of a point that expands from the center of the point or from the bottom left corner of the point to the right and up.
                 typedef enum {
                     DOT_FILL_AROUND  = 1,
                     DOT_FILL_RIGHTUP,
                  } DOT_STYLE;
  • Draw line: In the image buffer, draw line from (Xstart, Ystart) to (Xend, Yend), you can choose the color, the width and the style of the line.
void Paint_DrawLine(UWORD Xstart, UWORD Ystart, UWORD Xend, UWORD Yend, UWORD Color, LINE_STYLE Line_Style ,  LINE_STYLE Line_Style)
Parameters:
        Xstart: the x-starting coordinate of a line
        Ystart: the y-starting coordinate of the a line
        Xend: the x-end coordinate of a line
        Yend: the y-end coordinate of a line
        Color: fill Color
        Line_width: The width of the line, the demo provides 8 sizes of width by default.
              typedef enum {
                 DOT_PIXEL_1X1  = 1,	// 1 x 1
                 DOT_PIXEL_2X2  , 		// 2 X 2
                 DOT_PIXEL_3X3  ,		// 3 X 3
                 DOT_PIXEL_4X4  ,		// 4 X 4
                 DOT_PIXEL_5X5  , 		// 5 X 5
                 DOT_PIXEL_6X6  , 		// 6 X 6
                 DOT_PIXEL_7X7  , 		// 7 X 7
                 DOT_PIXEL_8X8  , 		// 8 X 8
              } DOT_PIXEL;
        Line_Style: line style. Select whether the lines are joined in a straight or dashed way.
              typedef enum {
                 LINE_STYLE_SOLID = 0,
                 LINE_STYLE_DOTTED,
              } LINE_STYLE;
  • Draw rectangle: In the image buffer, draw a rectangle from (Xstart, Ystart) to (Xend, Yend), you can choose the color, the width of the line, whether to fill the inside of the rectangle.
void Paint_DrawRectangle(UWORD Xstart, UWORD Ystart, UWORD Xend, UWORD Yend, UWORD Color, DOT_PIXEL Line_width,  DRAW_FILL Draw_Fill)
Parameters:
	Xstart: the starting X coordinate of the rectangle
	Ystart: the starting Y coordinate of the rectangle
	Xend: the x-end coordinate of the rectangle
        Yend: the y-end coordinate of the rectangle
	Color: fill Color
	Line_width: The width of the four sides of a rectangle. And the demo provides 8 sizes of width by default.
		typedef enum {
			DOT_PIXEL_1X1  = 1,	// 1 x 1
			DOT_PIXEL_2X2  , 		// 2 X 2
			DOT_PIXEL_3X3  ,		// 3 X 3
			DOT_PIXEL_4X4  ,	        // 4 X 4
			DOT_PIXEL_5X5  , 		// 5 X 5
 			DOT_PIXEL_6X6  , 		// 6 X 6
                        DOT_PIXEL_7X7  , 		// 7 X 7
                        DOT_PIXEL_8X8  , 		// 8 X 8
                 } DOT_PIXEL;
         Draw_Fill: Fill, whether to fill the inside of the rectangle
              typedef enum {
                 	DRAW_FILL_EMPTY = 0,
                 	DRAW_FILL_FULL,
              } DRAW_FILL;
  • Draw circle: In the image buffer, draw a circle of Radius with (X_Center Y_Center) as the center. You can choose the color, the width of the line, and whether to fill the inside of the circle.
void Paint_DrawCircle(UWORD X_Center, UWORD Y_Center, UWORD Radius, UWORD Color, DOT_PIXEL Line_width,  DRAW_FILL Draw_Fill)
Parameters:
	X_Center: the x-coordinate of the center of the circle
	Y_Center: the y-coordinate of the center of the circle
	Radius: indicates the Radius of a circle
	Color: fill Color
	Line_width: The width of the arc, with a default of 8 widths
		typedef enum {
        		DOT_PIXEL_1X1  = 1,	// 1 x 1
        		DOT_PIXEL_2X2  , 		// 2 X 2
        		DOT_PIXEL_3X3  ,		// 3 X 3
        		DOT_PIXEL_4X4  ,		// 4 X 4
        		DOT_PIXEL_5X5  , 		// 5 X 5
        		DOT_PIXEL_6X6  , 		// 6 X 6
        		DOT_PIXEL_7X7  , 		// 7 X 7
        		DOT_PIXEL_8X8  , 		// 8 X 8
		} DOT_PIXEL;
	Draw_Fill: fill, whether to fill the inside of the circle
              typedef enum {
              		DRAW_FILL_EMPTY = 0,
                 	DRAW_FILL_FULL,
              } DRAW_FILL;
  • Write Ascii character: In the image buffer, use (Xstart Ystart) as the left vertex, write an Ascii character, you can select Ascii visual character library, font foreground color, font background color.
void Paint_DrawChar(UWORD Xstart, UWORD Ystart, const char Ascii_Char, sFONT* Font, UWORD Color_Foreground,  UWORD Color_Background)
Parameters:
	Xstart: the x-coordinate of the left vertex of a character
	Ystart: the Y-coordinate of the left vertex of a character
	Ascii_Char: indicates the Ascii character
	Font: Ascii visual character library, in the Fonts folder the demo provides the following Fonts:
  		Font8: 5*8 font
    		Font12: 7*12 font
    		Font16: 11*16 font
    		Font20: 14*20 font
    		Font24: 17*24 font
  	Color_Foreground: Font color
  	Color_Background: indicates the background color
  • Write English string: In the image buffer, use (Xstart Ystart) as the left vertex, write a string of English characters, you can choose Ascii visual character library, font foreground color, font background color.
void Paint_DrawString_EN(UWORD Xstart, UWORD Ystart, const char * pString, sFONT* Font, UWORD Color_Foreground,  UWORD Color_Background)
Parameters:
	Xstart: the x-coordinate of the left vertex of a character
	Ystart: the Y coordinate of the font's left vertex
	PString: string, string is a pointer
	Font: Ascii visual character library, in the Fonts folder the demo provides the following Fonts:
     		Font8: 5*8 font
     		Font12: 7*12 font
     		Font16: 11*16 font
     		Font20: 14*20 font
     		Font24: 17*24 font
	Color_Foreground: Font color
  	Color_Background: indicates the background color
  • Write Chinese string: in the image buffer, use (Xstart Ystart) as the left vertex, write a string of Chinese characters, you can choose character font, font foreground color, font background color of the GB2312 encoding
void Paint_DrawString_CN(UWORD Xstart, UWORD Ystart, const char * pString, cFONT* font, UWORD Color_Foreground,  UWORD Color_Background)
Parameters:
	Xstart: the x-coordinate of the left vertex of a character
	Ystart: the Y coordinate of the font's left vertex
	PString: string, string is a pointer
  	Font: GB2312 encoding character Font library, in the Fonts folder the demo provides the following Fonts:
     		Font12CN: ASCII font 11*21, Chinese font 16*21
     		Font24CN: ASCII font24 *41, Chinese font 32*41
	Color_Foreground: Font color
	Color_Background: indicates the background color
  • Write numbers: In the image buffer,use (Xstart Ystart) as the left vertex, write a string of numbers, you can choose Ascii visual character library, font foreground color, font background color.
void Paint_DrawNum(UWORD Xpoint, UWORD Ypoint, double Nummber, sFONT* Font, UWORD Digit, UWORD Color_Foreground,   UWORD Color_Background)
Parameters:
	Xpoint: the x-coordinate of the left vertex of a character
	Ypoint: the Y coordinate of the left vertex of the font
	Nummber: indicates the number displayed, which can be a decimal
	Digit: It's a decimal number
 	Font: Ascii visual character library, in the Fonts folder the demo provides the following Fonts:
   		Font8: 5*8 font
   		Font12: 7*12 font
   		Font16: 11*16 font
		Font20: 14*20 font
   		Font24: 17*24 font
	Color_Foreground: Font color
	Color_Background: indicates the background color
  • Display time: in the image buffer,use (Xstart Ystart) as the left vertex, display time,you can choose Ascii visual character font, font foreground color, font background color.;
void Paint_DrawTime(UWORD Xstart, UWORD Ystart, PAINT_TIME *pTime, sFONT* Font, UWORD Color_Background,  UWORD Color_Foreground)
Parameters:
	Xstart: the x-coordinate of the left vertex of a character
 	Ystart: the Y coordinate of the font's left vertex
	PTime: display time, A time structure is defined here, as long as the hours, minutes and seconds are passed to the parameters;
	Font: Ascii visual character library, in the Fonts folder the demo provides the following Fonts:
     		Font8: 5*8 font
     		Font12: 7*12 font
     		Font16: 11*16 font
     		Font20: 14*20 font
     		Font24: 17*24 font
  	Color_Foreground: Font color
  	Color_Background: indicates the background color
  • Read the local bmp image and write it to the cache

For Linux operating systems such as Raspberry Pi, you can read and write pictures For Raspberry Pi, in the directory: RaspberryPi\c\lib\GUI\GUI_BMPfile.c(.h)

UBYTE GUI_ReadBmp(const char *path, UWORD Xstart, UWORD Ystart)
parameter:
       path: the relative path of the BMP image
       Xstart: The X coordinate of the left vertex of the image, generally 0 is passed by default
       Ystart: The Y coordinate of the left vertex of the picture, generally 0 by default

Testing Code for Users

For Raspberry Pi, in the directory: RaspberryPi\c\examples, for all the test code;

LCD rpi c examples&128.png

If you need to run the 0.96inch LCD test program, you need to add 0.96 as a parameter when running the mian program
Re-execute in linux command mode as follows:

make clean
make
sudo ./main 0.96

Python(for Raspberry Pi)

Works with python and python3
For python, his calls are not as complicated as C
Raspberry Pi: RaspberryPi\python\lib\

LCD rpi python lib.png

lcdconfig.py

  • Module initialization and exit processing.
def module_init()
def module_exit()
Note:
1. Here is some GPIO processing before and after using the LCD screen.
2. The module_init() function is automatically called in the INIT () initializer on the LCD, but the module_exit() function needs to be called by itself
  • GPIO read and write:
def  digital_write(pin, value)
def  digital_read(pin)
  • SPI write data.
def spi_writebyte(data)
  • xxx_LCD_test.py (xxx indicates the size, if it is a 0.96inch LCD, it is 0inch96_LCD_test.py, and so on)

python is in the following directory:
Raspberry Pi: RaspberryPi\python\examples\

LCD rpi python examples2.png

If your python version is python2 and you need to run the 0.96inch LCD test program, re-execute it as follows in linux command mode:

sudo python 0inch96_LCD_test.py

If your python version is python3 and you need to run the 0.96inch LCD test program, re-execute the following in linux command mode:

sudo python3 0inch96_LCD_test.py

About Rotation Settings

If you need to set the screen rotation in the python program, you can set it by the statement im_r= image1.rotate(270).

im_r= image1.rotate(270)
Rotation effect, take 1.54 as an example, the order is 0°, 90°, 180°, 270°
LCD Rotate.jpg

GUI functions

Python has an image library PIL official library link, it do not need to write code from the logical layer like C, can directly call to the image library for image processing. The following will take 1.54inch LCD as an example, we provide a brief description for the demo.

  • It needs to use the image library and install the library.
sudo apt-get install python3-pil  

And then import the library

from PIL import Image,ImageDraw,ImageFont.

Among them, Image is the basic library, ImageDraw is the drawing function, and ImageFont is the text function.

  • Define an image cache to facilitate drawing, writing and other functions on the picture
image1 = Image.new("RGB", (disp.width, disp.height), "WHITE")

The first parameter defines the color depth of the image, which is defined as "1" to indicate the bitmap of one-bit depth. The second parameter is a tuple that defines the width and height of the image. The third parameter defines the default color of the buffer, which is defined as "WHITE".

  • Create a drawing object based on Image1 on which all drawing operations will be performed on here.
draw = ImageDraw.Draw(image1)
  • Draw line.
draw.line([(20, 10),(70, 60)], fill = "RED",width = 1)

The first parameter is a four-element tuple starting at (0, 0) and ending at (127,0). Draw a line. Fill ="0" means the color of the line is white.

  • Draw rectangle.
draw.rectangle([(20,10),(70,60)],fill = "WHITE",outline="BLACK")

The first argument is a tuple of four elements. (20,10) is the coordinate value in the upper left corner of the rectangle, and (70,60) is the coordinate value in the lower right corner of the rectangle. Fill =" WHITE" means BLACK inside, and outline="BLACK" means the color of the outline is black.

  • Draw circle.
draw.arc((150,15,190,55),0, 360, fill =(0,255,0)

Draw an inscribed circle in the square, the first parameter is a tuple of 4 elements, with (150, 15) as the upper left corner vertex of the square, (190, 55) as the lower right corner vertex of the square, specifying the level median line of the rectangular frame is the angle of 0 degrees, the second parameter indicates the starting angle, the third parameter indicates the ending angle, and fill = 0 indicates that the the color of the line is white. If the figure is not square according to the coordination, you will get an ellipse.

Besides the arc function, you can also use the chord function for drawing solid circle.

draw.ellipse((150,65,190,105), fill = 0)

The first parameter is the coordination of the enclosing rectangle. The second and third parameters are the beginning and end degrees of the circle. The fourth parameter is the fill color of the circle.

  • Character.

The ImageFont module needs to be imported and instantiated:

Font1 = ImageFont.truetype("../Font/Font01.ttf",25)
Font2 = ImageFont.truetype("../Font/Font01.ttf",35)
Font3 = ImageFont.truetype("../Font/Font02.ttf",32)

You can use the fonts of Windows or other fonts which is in ttc format..
Note: Each character library contains different characters; If some characters cannot be displayed, it is recommended that you can refer to the encoding set ro used. To draw English character, you can directly use the fonts; for Chinese character, you need to add a symbol u:

draw.text((40, 50), 'WaveShare', fill = (128,255,128),font=Font2)
text= u"微雪电子"
draw.text((74, 150),text, fill = "WHITE",font=Font3)

The first parameter is a tuple of 2 elements, with (40, 50) as the left vertex, the font is Font2, and the fill is the font color. You can directly make fill = "WHITE", because the regular color value is already defined Well, of course, you can also use fill = (128,255,128), the parentheses correspond to the values of the three RGB colors so that you can precisely control the color you want. The second sentence shows Micro Snow Electronics, using Font3, the font color is white.

  • read local image
image = Image.open('../pic/LCD_1inch28.jpg')

The parameter is the image path.

  • Other functions.

For more information, you can refer to http://effbot.org/imagingbook pil

Using with STM32

Software description

  • The demo is developed based on the HAL library. Download the demo, find the STM32 program file directory, and open the LCD_demo.uvprojx in the STM32\STM32F103RBT6\MDK-ARM directory to check the program.
LCD STM32 CODE1.png
  • Open main.c, you can see all the test programs, remove the comments in front of the test programs on the corresponding screen, and recompile and download.
LCD STM32 CODE128.png

LCD_0in96_test() 0.96inch LCD test program
LCD_1in14_test() 1.14inch LCD test program
LCD_1in28_test() 1.28inch LCD test program
LCD_1in3_test() 1.3 inch LCD test program
LCD_1in54_test() 1.54inch LCD test program
LCD_1in8_test() 1.8inch LCD test program
LCD_2in_test() 2inch LCD test program

Program description

Underlying hardware interface

  • Data type
#define UBYTE      uint8_t
#define UWORD      uint16_t
#define UDOUBLE    uint32_t
  • Module initialization and exit processing
UBYTE	System_Init(void);
void    System_Exit(void);
Note: 
1.here is some GPIO processing before and after using the LCD screen.
2.After the System_Exit(void) function is used, the OLED display will be turned off;
  • Write and read GPIO
void 	DEV_Digital_Write(UWORD Pin, UBYTE Value);
UBYTE 	DEV_Digital_Read(UWORD Pin);
  • SPI write data
UBYTE	 SPI4W_Write_Byte(uint8_t value);

The upper application

For the screen, if you need to draw pictures, display Chinese and English characters, display pictures, etc., you can use the upper application to do, and we provide some basic functions here about some graphics processing in the directory STM32\STM32F103RB\User\GUI_DEV\GUI_Paint.c(.h)
Note: Because of the size of the internal RAM of STM32 and arduino, the GUI is directly written to the RAM of the LCD.
LCD rpi GUI.png
The character font which GUI dependent is in the directory STM32\STM32F103RB\User\Fonts LCD rpi Font.png

  • New Image Properties: Create a new image property, this property includes the image buffer name, width, height, flip Angle, color.
void Paint_NewImage(UWORD Width, UWORD Height, UWORD Rotate, UWORD Color)
Parameters:
    Width: image buffer Width;
    Height: the Height of the image buffer;
    Rotate: Indicates the rotation Angle of an image
    Color: the initial Color of the image;
  • Set the clear screen function, usually call the clear function of LCD directly.
void Paint_SetClearFuntion(void (*Clear)(UWORD));
parameter:
    Clear : Pointer to the clear screen function, used to quickly clear the screen to a certain color;
  • Set the drawing pixel function
void Paint_SetDisplayFuntion(void (*Display)(UWORD,UWORD,UWORD));
parameter:
    Display: Pointer to the pixel drawing function, which is used to write data to the specified location in the internal RAM of the LCD;
  • Select image buffer:the purpose of the selection is that you can create multiple image attributes, image buffer can exist multiple, you can select each image you create.
void Paint_SelectImage(UBYTE *image)
Parameters:
    Image: the name of the image cache, which is actually a pointer to the first address of the image buffer
  • Image Rotation: Set the selected image rotation Angle, preferably after Paint_SelectImage(), you can choose to rotate 0, 90, 180, 270.
void Paint_SetRotate(UWORD Rotate)
Parameters:
    Rotate: ROTATE_0, ROTATE_90, ROTATE_180, and ROTATE_270 correspond to 0, 90, 180, and 270 degrees respectively;
  • Image mirror flip: Set the mirror flip of the selected image. You can choose no mirror, horizontal mirror, vertical mirror, or image center mirror.
void Paint_SetMirroring(UBYTE mirror)
Parameters:
    Mirror: indicates the image mirroring mode. MIRROR_NONE, MIRROR_HORIZONTAL, MIRROR_VERTICAL, MIRROR_ORIGIN correspond to no mirror, horizontal mirror, vertical mirror, and about image center mirror respectively.
  • Set points of display position and color in the buffer: here is the core GUI function, processing points display position and color in the buffer.
void Paint_SetPixel(UWORD Xpoint, UWORD Ypoint, UWORD Color)
Parameters:
    Xpoint: the X position of a point in the image buffer
    Ypoint: Y position of a point in the image buffer
    Color: indicates the Color of the dot
  • Image buffer fill color: Fills the image buffer with a color, usually used to flash the screen into blank.
void Paint_Clear(UWORD Color)
Parameters:
    Color: fill Color
  • Image buffer part of the window filling color: the image buffer part of the window filled with a certain color, generally as a window whitewashing function, often used for time display, whitewashing on a second
void Paint_ClearWindows(UWORD Xstart, UWORD Ystart, UWORD Xend, UWORD Yend, UWORD Color)
Parameters:
    Xstart: the x-starting coordinate of the window
    Ystart: indicates the Y starting point of the window
    Xend: the x-end coordinate of the window
    Yend: indicates the y-end coordinate of the window
    Color: fill Color
  • Draw points: In the image buffer, draw points on (Xpoint, Ypoint), you can choose the color, the size of the point, the style of the point.
void Paint_DrawPoint(UWORD Xpoint, UWORD Ypoint, UWORD Color, DOT_PIXEL Dot_Pixel, DOT_STYLE Dot_Style)
Parameters:
    Xpoint: indicates the X coordinate of a point
    Ypoint: indicates the Y coordinate of a point
    Color: fill Color
    Dot_Pixel: The size of the dot, providing a default of eight size points
        typedef enum {
            DOT_PIXEL_1X1   = 1,	// 1 x 1
            DOT_PIXEL_2X2  , 		// 2 X 2
            DOT_PIXEL_3X3  , 	 	// 3 X 3
            DOT_PIXEL_4X4  , 	 	// 4 X 4
            DOT_PIXEL_5X5  , 		// 5 X 5
            DOT_PIXEL_6X6  , 		// 6 X 6
            DOT_PIXEL_7X7  , 		// 7 X 7
            DOT_PIXEL_8X8  , 		// 8 X 8
        } DOT_PIXEL;
    Dot_Style: the size of a point that expands from the center of the point or from the bottom left corner of the point to the right and up
        typedef enum {
            DOT_FILL_AROUND  = 1,
            DOT_FILL_RIGHTUP,
        } DOT_STYLE;
  • Line drawing: In the image buffer, line from (Xstart, Ystart) to (Xend, Yend), you can choose the color, line width, line style.
void Paint_DrawLine(UWORD Xstart, UWORD Ystart, UWORD Xend, UWORD Yend, UWORD Color, LINE_STYLE Line_Style ,  LINE_STYLE Line_Style)
Parameters:
    Xstart: the x-starting coordinate of a line
    Ystart: indicates the Y starting point of a line
    Xend: x-terminus of a line
    Yend: the y-end coordinate of a line
    Color: fill Color
    Line_width: The width of the line, which provides a default of eight widths
        typedef enum {
            DOT_PIXEL_1X1   = 1,	// 1 x 1
            DOT_PIXEL_2X2  , 		// 2 X 2
            DOT_PIXEL_3X3  ,		// 3 X 3
            DOT_PIXEL_4X4  ,		// 4 X 4
            DOT_PIXEL_5X5  , 		// 5 X 5
            DOT_PIXEL_6X6  , 		// 6 X 6
            DOT_PIXEL_7X7  , 		// 7 X 7
            DOT_PIXEL_8X8  , 		// 8 X 8
        } DOT_PIXEL;
    Line_Style: line style. Select whether the lines are joined in a straight or dashed way
        typedef enum {
            LINE_STYLE_SOLID = 0,
            LINE_STYLE_DOTTED,
        } LINE_STYLE;
  • Draw rectangle: In the image buffer, draw a rectangle from (Xstart, Ystart) to (Xend, Yend), you can choose the color, the width of the line, whether to fill the inside of the rectangle.
void Paint_DrawRectangle(UWORD Xstart, UWORD Ystart, UWORD Xend, UWORD Yend, UWORD Color, DOT_PIXEL Line_width,  DRAW_FILL Draw_Fill)
Parameters:
        Xstart: the starting X coordinate of the rectangle
        Ystart: indicates the Y starting point of the rectangle
        Xend: X terminus of the rectangle
        Yend: specifies the y-end coordinate of the rectangle
        Color: fill Color
        Line_width: The width of the four sides of a rectangle. Default eight widths are provided
            typedef enum {
                DOT_PIXEL_1X1   = 1,	// 1 x 1
                DOT_PIXEL_2X2  , 		// 2 X 2
                DOT_PIXEL_3X3  ,		// 3 X 3
                DOT_PIXEL_4X4  ,		// 4 X 4
                DOT_PIXEL_5X5  , 		// 5 X 5
                DOT_PIXEL_6X6  , 		// 6 X 6
                DOT_PIXEL_7X7  , 		// 7 X 7
                DOT_PIXEL_8X8  , 		// 8 X 8
            } DOT_PIXEL;
        Draw_Fill: Fill, whether to fill the inside of the rectangle
            typedef enum {
                DRAW_FILL_EMPTY = 0,
                DRAW_FILL_FULL,
            } DRAW_FILL;
  • Draw circle: In the image buffer, draw a circle of Radius with (X_Center Y_Center) as the center. You can choose the color, the width of the line, and whether to fill the inside of the circle.
void Paint_DrawCircle(UWORD X_Center, UWORD Y_Center, UWORD Radius, UWORD Color, DOT_PIXEL Line_width,  DRAW_FILL Draw_Fill)
Parameters:
    X_Center: the x-coordinate of the center of a circle
    Y_Center: Y coordinate of the center of a circle
    Radius: indicates the Radius of a circle
    Color: fill Color
    Line_width: The width of the arc, with a default of 8 widths
        typedef enum {
            DOT_PIXEL_1X1  = 1,	        // 1 x 1
            DOT_PIXEL_2X2  , 		// 2 X 2
            DOT_PIXEL_3X3  ,		// 3 X 3
            DOT_PIXEL_4X4  ,		// 4 X 4
            DOT_PIXEL_5X5  , 		// 5 X 5
            DOT_PIXEL_6X6  , 		// 6 X 6
            DOT_PIXEL_7X7  , 		// 7 X 7
            DOT_PIXEL_8X8  , 		// 8 X 8
        } DOT_PIXEL;
    Draw_Fill: fill, whether to fill the inside of the circle
        typedef enum {
            DRAW_FILL_EMPTY = 0,
            DRAW_FILL_FULL,
        } DRAW_FILL;
  • Write Ascii character: In the image buffer, at (Xstart Ystart) as the left vertex, write an Ascii character, you can select Ascii visual character library, font foreground color, font background color.
void Paint_DrawChar(UWORD Xstart, UWORD Ystart, const char Ascii_Char, sFONT* Font, UWORD Color_Foreground,  UWORD Color_Background)
Parameters:
    Xstart: the x-coordinate of the left vertex of a character
    Ystart: the Y coordinate of the font's left vertex
    Ascii_Char: indicates the Ascii character
    Font: Ascii visual character library, in the Fonts folder provides the following Fonts:
        Font8: 5*8 font
        Font12: 7*12 font
        Font16: 11*16 font
        Font20: 14*20 font
        Font24: 17*24 font
    Color_Foreground: Font color
    Color_Background: indicates the background color
  • Write English string: In the image buffer, use (Xstart Ystart) as the left vertex, write a string of English characters, can choose Ascii visual character library, font foreground color, font background color.
void Paint_DrawString_EN(UWORD Xstart, UWORD Ystart, const char * pString, sFONT* Font, UWORD Color_Foreground,  UWORD Color_Background)
Parameters:
    Xstart: the x-coordinate of the left vertex of a character
    Ystart: the Y coordinate of the font's left vertex
    PString: string, string is a pointer
    Font: Ascii visual character library, in the Fonts folder provides the following Fonts:
        Font8: 5*8 font
        Font12: 7*12 font
        Font16: 11*16 font
        Font20: 14*20 font
        Font24: 17*24 font
     Color_Foreground: Font color
     Color_Background: indicates the background color
  • Write Chinese string: in the image buffer, use (Xstart Ystart) as the left vertex, write a string of Chinese characters, you can choose GB2312 encoding character font, font foreground color, font background color.
void Paint_DrawString_CN(UWORD Xstart, UWORD Ystart, const char * pString, cFONT* font, UWORD Color_Foreground,  UWORD Color_Background)
Parameters:
    Xstart: the x-coordinate of the left vertex of a character
    Ystart: the Y coordinate of the font's left vertex
    PString: string, string is a pointer
    Font: GB2312 encoding character Font library, in the Fonts folder provides the following Fonts:
        Font12CN: ASCII font 11*21, Chinese font 16*21
        Font24CN: ASCII font24 *41, Chinese font 32*41
    Color_Foreground: Font color
    Color_Background: indicates the background color
  • Write numbers: In the image buffer,use (Xstart Ystart) as the left vertex, write a string of numbers, you can choose Ascii visual character library, font foreground color, font background color.
void Paint_DrawNum(UWORD Xpoint, UWORD Ypoint, double Nummber, sFONT* Font, UWORD Digit, UWORD Color_Foreground,   UWORD Color_Background)
Parameters:
    Xpoint: the x-coordinate of the left vertex of a character
    Ypoint: the Y coordinate of the left vertex of the font
    Nummber: indicates the number displayed, which can be a decimal
    Digit: It's a decimal number
    Font: Ascii visual character library, in the Fonts folder provides the following Fonts:
        Font8: 5*8 font
        Font12: 7*12 font
        Font16: 11*16 font
        Font20: 14*20 font
        Font24: 17*24 font
    Color_Foreground: Font color
    Color_Background: indicates the background color
  • Display time: in the image buffer,use (Xstart Ystart) as the left vertex, display time,you can choose Ascii visual character font, font foreground color, font background color.
void Paint_DrawTime(UWORD Xstart, UWORD Ystart, PAINT_TIME *pTime, sFONT* Font, UWORD Color_Background,  UWORD Color_Foreground)
Parameters:
    Xstart: the x-coordinate of the left vertex of a character
    Ystart: the Y coordinate of the font's left vertex
    PTime: display time, here defined a good time structure, as long as the hour, minute and second bits of data to the parameter;
    Font: Ascii visual character library, in the Fonts folder provides the following Fonts:
        Font8: 5*8 font
        Font12: 7*12 font
        Font16: 11*16 font
        Font20: 14*20 font
        Font24: 17*24 font
    Color_Foreground: Font color
    Color_Background: indicates the background color

Arduino software description

Note: The demos are all tested on Arduino uno. If you need other types of Arduino, you need to determine whether the connected pins are correct.

Run program

In the product encyclopedia interface downloadthe program, and then unzip it. The Arduino program is located at ~/Arduino/…
LCD arduino cede1.png

Please select the corresponding program according to the LCD screen model to open
1.28inch LCD Arduino.png
You can view test programs for all screen sizes, sorted by size:


For example, 1.54inch LCD Module. Open the LCD_1inch54 folder and run the LCD_1inch54.ino file.
Open the program, select the development board model Arduino UNO
LCD arduino cede3.png
Select the corresponding COM port
LCD arduino cede4.png
Then click to compile and download
LCD arduino cede5.png

Program Description

Document Introduction

Take Arduino UNO controlling a 1.54-inch LCD as an example, open the Arduino\LCD_1inch54 directory:
LCD arduino ide codeDescription1.png
Of which:
LCD_1inch54.ino: open with Arduino IDE;
LCD_Driver.cpp(.h): is the driver of the LCD screen;
DEV_Config.cpp(.h): It is the hardware interface definition, which encapsulates the read and write pin levels, SPI transmission data, and pin initialization;
font8.cpp, font12.cpp, font16.cpp, font20.cpp, font24.cpp, font24CN.cpp, fonts.h: fonts for characters of different sizes;
image.cpp(.h): is the image data, which can convert any BMP image into a 16-bit true color image array through Img2Lcd (downloadable in the development data).
The program is divided into bottom-layer hardware interface, middle-layer LCD screen driver, and upper-layer application;

Underlying hardware interface

The hardware interface is defined in the two files DEV_Config.cpp(.h), and functions such as read and write pin level, delay, and SPI transmission are encapsulated.

  • write pin level
void DEV_Digital_Write(int pin, int value)

The first parameter is the pin, and the second is the high and low level.

  • Read pin level
int DEV_Digital_Read(int pin)

The parameter is the pin, and the return value is the level of the read pin.

  • Delay
DEV_Delay_ms(unsigned int delaytime)

millisecond level delay.

  • SPI output data
DEV_SPI_WRITE(unsigned char data)

The parameter is char type, occupying 8 bits.

The upper application

For the screen, if you need to draw pictures, display Chinese and English characters, display pictures, etc., you can use the upper application to do, and we provide some basic functions here about some graphics processing in the directory GUI_Paint.c(.h)
Note: Because of the size of the internal RAM of STM32 and arduino, the GUI is directly written to the RAM of the LCD.
LCD arduino ide codeDescription GUI.png
The fonts used by the GUI all depend on the font*.cpp(h) files under the same file
LCD arduino ide codeDescription font.png

  • New Image Properties: Create a new image property, this property includes the image buffer name, width, height, flip Angle, color.
void Paint_NewImage(UWORD Width, UWORD Height, UWORD Rotate, UWORD Color)
Parameters:
    Width: image buffer Width;
    Height: the Height of the image buffer;
    Rotate: Indicates the rotation Angle of an image
    Color: the initial Color of the image;
  • Set the clear screen function, usually call the clear function of LCD directly.
void Paint_SetClearFuntion(void (*Clear)(UWORD));
parameter:
    Clear : Pointer to the clear screen function, used to quickly clear the screen to a certain color;
  • Set the drawing pixel function.
void Paint_SetDisplayFuntion(void (*Display)(UWORD,UWORD,UWORD));
parameter:
    Display: Pointer to the pixel drawing function, which is used to write data to the specified location in the internal RAM of the LCD;
  • Select image buffer:the purpose of the selection is that you can create multiple image attributes, image buffer can exist multiple, you can select each image you create.
void Paint_SelectImage(UBYTE *image)
Parameters:
    Image: the name of the image cache, which is actually a pointer to the first address of the image buffer
  • Image Rotation: Set the selected image rotation Angle, preferably after Paint_SelectImage(), you can choose to rotate 0, 90, 180, 270.
void Paint_SetRotate(UWORD Rotate)
Parameters:
    Rotate: ROTATE_0, ROTATE_90, ROTATE_180, and ROTATE_270 correspond to 0, 90, 180, and 270 degrees respectively;
  • Image mirror flip: Set the mirror flip of the selected image. You can choose no mirror, horizontal mirror, vertical mirror,or image center mirror.
void Paint_SetMirroring(UBYTE mirror)
Parameters:
    Mirror: indicates the image mirroring mode. MIRROR_NONE, MIRROR_HORIZONTAL, MIRROR_VERTICAL, MIRROR_ORIGIN correspond to no mirror, horizontal mirror, vertical mirror, and about image center mirror respectively.
  • Set points of display position and color in the buffer: here is the core GUI function, processing points display position and color in the buffer.
void Paint_SetPixel(UWORD Xpoint, UWORD Ypoint, UWORD Color)
Parameters:
    Xpoint: the X position of a point in the image buffer
    Ypoint: Y position of a point in the image buffer
    Color: indicates the Color of the dot
  • Image buffer fill color: Fills the image buffer with a color, usually used to flash the screen into blank.
void Paint_ClearWindows(UWORD Xstart, UWORD Ystart, UWORD Xend, UWORD Yend, UWORD Color)
Parameters:
    Xstart: the x-starting coordinate of the window
    Ystart: indicates the Y starting point of the window
    Xend: the x-end coordinate of the window
    Yend: indicates the y-end coordinate of the window
    Color: fill Color
  • Draw points: In the image buffer, draw points on (Xpoint, Ypoint), you can choose the color, the size of the point, the style of the point.
void Paint_DrawPoint(UWORD Xpoint, UWORD Ypoint, UWORD Color, DOT_PIXEL Dot_Pixel, DOT_STYLE Dot_Style)
Parameters:
    Xpoint: indicates the X coordinate of a point
    Ypoint: indicates the Y coordinate of a point
    Color: fill Color
    Dot_Pixel: The size of the dot, providing a default of eight size points
        typedef enum {
                DOT_PIXEL_1X1  = 1,	        // 1 x 1
                DOT_PIXEL_2X2  , 		// 2 X 2
                DOT_PIXEL_3X3  , 	 	// 3 X 3
                DOT_PIXEL_4X4  , 	 	// 4 X 4
                DOT_PIXEL_5X5  , 		// 5 X 5
                DOT_PIXEL_6X6  , 		// 6 X 6
                DOT_PIXEL_7X7  , 		// 7 X 7
                DOT_PIXEL_8X8  , 		// 8 X 8
        } DOT_PIXEL;
    Dot_Style: the size of a point that expands from the center of the point or from the bottom left corner of the point to the right and up
        typedef enum {
                DOT_FILL_AROUND  = 1,
                DOT_FILL_RIGHTUP,
        } DOT_STYLE;
  • Line drawing: In the image buffer, line from (Xstart, Ystart) to (Xend, Yend), you can choose the color, line width, line style.
void Paint_DrawLine(UWORD Xstart, UWORD Ystart, UWORD Xend, UWORD Yend, UWORD Color, LINE_STYLE Line_Style ,  LINE_STYLE Line_Style)
Parameters:
        Xstart: the x-starting coordinate of a line
        Ystart: indicates the Y starting point of a line
        Xend: x-terminus of a line
        Yend: the y-end coordinate of a line
        Color: fill Color
        Line_width: The width of the line, which provides a default of eight widths
                typedef enum {
                        DOT_PIXEL_1X1  = 1,	        // 1 x 1
                        DOT_PIXEL_2X2  , 		// 2 X 2
                        DOT_PIXEL_3X3  ,		// 3 X 3
                        DOT_PIXEL_4X4  ,		// 4 X 4
                        DOT_PIXEL_5X5  , 		// 5 X 5
                        DOT_PIXEL_6X6  , 		// 6 X 6
                        DOT_PIXEL_7X7  , 		// 7 X 7
                        DOT_PIXEL_8X8  , 		// 8 X 8
                    } DOT_PIXEL;
        Line_Style: line style. Select whether the lines are joined in a straight or dashed way
                typedef enum {
                        LINE_STYLE_SOLID = 0,
                        LINE_STYLE_DOTTED,
                } LINE_STYLE;
  • Draw rectangle: In the image buffer, draw a rectangle from (Xstart, Ystart) to (Xend, Yend), you can choose the color, the width of the line, whether to fill the inside of the rectangle.
void Paint_DrawRectangle(UWORD Xstart, UWORD Ystart, UWORD Xend, UWORD Yend, UWORD Color, DOT_PIXEL Line_width,  DRAW_FILL Draw_Fill)
Parameters:
        Xstart: the starting X coordinate of the rectangle
        Ystart: indicates the Y starting point of the rectangle
        Xend: X terminus of the rectangle
        Yend: specifies the y-end coordinate of the rectangle
        Color: fill Color
        Line_width: The width of the four sides of a rectangle. Default eight widths are provided
        typedef enum {
                DOT_PIXEL_1X1  = 1,	        // 1 x 1
                DOT_PIXEL_2X2  , 		// 2 X 2
                DOT_PIXEL_3X3  ,		// 3 X 3
                DOT_PIXEL_4X4  ,		// 4 X 4
                DOT_PIXEL_5X5  , 		// 5 X 5
                DOT_PIXEL_6X6  , 		// 6 X 6
                DOT_PIXEL_7X7  , 		// 7 X 7
                DOT_PIXEL_8X8  , 		// 8 X 8
        } DOT_PIXEL;
        Draw_Fill: Fill, whether to fill the inside of the rectangle
        typedef enum {
                DRAW_FILL_EMPTY = 0,
                DRAW_FILL_FULL,
        } DRAW_FILL;
  • Draw circle: In the image buffer, draw a circle of Radius with (X_Center Y_Center) as the center. You can choose the color, the width of the line, and whether to fill the inside of the circle.
void Paint_DrawCircle(UWORD X_Center, UWORD Y_Center, UWORD Radius, UWORD Color, DOT_PIXEL Line_width,  DRAW_FILL Draw_Fill)
Parameters:
        X_Center: the x-coordinate of the center of a circle
        Y_Center: Y coordinate of the center of a circle
        Radius: indicates the Radius of a circle
        Color: fill Color
        Line_width: The width of the arc, with a default of 8 widths
        typedef enum {
                DOT_PIXEL_1X1  = 1,	        // 1 x 1
                DOT_PIXEL_2X2  , 		// 2 X 2
                DOT_PIXEL_3X3  ,		// 3 X 3
                DOT_PIXEL_4X4  ,		// 4 X 4
                DOT_PIXEL_5X5  , 		// 5 X 5
                DOT_PIXEL_6X6  , 		// 6 X 6
                DOT_PIXEL_7X7  , 		// 7 X 7
                DOT_PIXEL_8X8  , 		// 8 X 8
        } DOT_PIXEL;
        Draw_Fill: fill, whether to fill the inside of the circle
        typedef enum {
                DRAW_FILL_EMPTY = 0,
                DRAW_FILL_FULL,
        } DRAW_FILL;
  • Write Ascii character: In the image buffer, at (Xstart Ystart) as the left vertex, write an Ascii character, you can select Ascii visual character library, font foreground color, font background color.
void Paint_DrawChar(UWORD Xstart, UWORD Ystart, const char Ascii_Char, sFONT* Font, UWORD Color_Foreground,  UWORD Color_Background)
Parameters:
        Xstart: the x-coordinate of the left vertex of a character
        Ystart: the Y coordinate of the font's left vertex
        Ascii_Char: indicates the Ascii character
        Font: Ascii visual character library, in the Fonts folder provides the following Fonts:
                Font8: 5*8 font
                Font12: 7*12 font
                Font16: 11*16 font
                Font20: 14*20 font
                Font24: 17*24 font
        Color_Foreground: Font color
        Color_Background: indicates the background color
  • Write English string: In the image buffer, use (Xstart Ystart) as the left vertex, write a string of English characters, can choose Ascii visual character library, font foreground color, font background color.
void Paint_DrawString_EN(UWORD Xstart, UWORD Ystart, const char * pString, sFONT* Font, UWORD Color_Foreground,  UWORD Color_Background)
Parameters:
        Xstart: the x-coordinate of the left vertex of a character
        Ystart: the Y coordinate of the font's left vertex
        PString: string, string is a pointer
        Font: Ascii visual character library, in the Fonts folder provides the following Fonts:
                Font8: 5*8 font
                Font12: 7*12 font
                Font16: 11*16 font
                Font20: 14*20 font
                Font24: 17*24 font
        Color_Foreground: Font color
        Color_Background: indicates the background color
  • Write Chinese string: in the image buffer, use (Xstart Ystart) as the left vertex, write a string of Chinese characters, you can choose GB2312 encoding character font, font foreground color, font background color.
void Paint_DrawString_CN(UWORD Xstart, UWORD Ystart, const char * pString, cFONT* font, UWORD Color_Foreground,  UWORD Color_Background)
Parameters:
        Xstart: the x-coordinate of the left vertex of a character
        Ystart: the Y coordinate of the font's left vertex
        PString: string, string is a pointer
        Font: GB2312 encoding character Font library, in the Fonts folder provides the following Fonts:
                Font12CN: ASCII font 11*21, Chinese font 16*21
                Font24CN: ASCII font24 *41, Chinese font 32*41
                Color_Foreground: Font color
                Color_Background: indicates the background color
  • Write numbers: In the image buffer,use (Xstart Ystart) as the left vertex, write a string of numbers, you can choose Ascii visual character library, font foreground color, font background color.
void Paint_DrawNum(UWORD Xpoint, UWORD Ypoint, double Nummber, sFONT* Font, UWORD Digit, UWORD Color_Foreground,   UWORD Color_Background)
Parameters:
        Xpoint: the x-coordinate of the left vertex of a character
        Ypoint: the Y coordinate of the left vertex of the font
        Nummber: indicates the number displayed, which can be a decimal
        Digit: It's a decimal number
        Font: Ascii visual character library, in the Fonts folder provides the following Fonts:
                Font8: 5*8 font
                Font12: 7*12 font
                Font16: 11*16 font
                Font20: 14*20 font
                Font24: 17*24 font
        Color_Foreground: Font color
        Color_Background: indicates the background color
  • Write numbers with decimals: at (Xstart Ystart) as the left vertex, write a string of numbers with decimals, you can choose Ascii code visual character font, font foreground color, font background color
void Paint_DrawFloatNum(UWORD Xpoint, UWORD Ypoint, double Nummber, UBYTE Decimal_Point, sFONT* Font, UWORD Color_Foreground, UWORD Color_Background);
parameter:
         Xstart: the X coordinate of the left vertex of the character
         Ystart: Y coordinate of the left vertex of the font
         Nummber: the displayed number, which is saved in double type here
         Decimal_Point: Displays the number of digits after the decimal point
         Font: Ascii code visual character font library, the following fonts are provided in the Fonts folder:
                Font8: 5*8 font
                Font12: 7*12 font
                Font16: 11*16 font
                Font20: 14*20 font
                Font24: 17*24 font
        Color_Foreground: font color
        Color_Background: background color
  • Display time: in the image buffer,use (Xstart Ystart) as the left vertex, display time,you can choose Ascii visual character font, font foreground color, font background color.
void Paint_DrawTime(UWORD Xstart, UWORD Ystart, PAINT_TIME *pTime, sFONT* Font, UWORD Color_Background,  UWORD Color_Foreground)
Parameters:
        Xstart: the x-coordinate of the left vertex of a character
        Ystart: the Y coordinate of the font's left vertex
        PTime: display time, here defined a good time structure, as long as the hour, minute and second bits of data to the parameter;
        Font: Ascii visual character library, in the Fonts folder provides the following Fonts:
                Font8: 5*8 font
                Font12: 7*12 font
                Font16: 11*16 font
                Font20: 14*20 font
                Font24: 17*24 font
        Color_Foreground: Font color
        Color_Background: indicates the background color
  • Display image: at (Xstart Ystart) as the left vertex, display an image whose width is W_Image and height is H_Image;
void Paint_DrawImage(const unsigned char *image, UWORD xStart, UWORD yStart, UWORD W_Image, UWORD H_Image)
parameter:
       image: image address, pointing to the image information you want to display
       Xstart: the X coordinate of the left vertex of the character
       Ystart: Y coordinate of the left vertex of the font
       W_Image: Image width
       H_Image: Image height

Resource

Docuemnts

Software

Demo codes

3D Drawing

2D Drawing

FAQ

 Answer:

a)Make sure that you have enabled the SPI interface

b)Check the output of BL pin, if it doesn't have any value, please try to disconnect it.


 Answer:

If you use the C codes, you can use Paint_SetRotate(Rotate) function to set the display orientation, only 0°, 90°, 180°, and the 270° are available.

If you use Python codes, you can use the rotate(Rotate) function to change the orientation in any angle.


 Answer:
If you get libraries error when running the python example, please try to install the PIL libraries by command: sudo apt-get install python-imaging


 Answer:

When using an Arduino, please make sure it is plugged into a 5v power supply.

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 Answer:
If running the wiringPi routine is normal, then running python or BCM2835 may cause the screen to fail to refresh normally, because the bcm2835 library is a library function of the Raspberry Pi cpu chip, and the bottom layer is to directly operate the registers, while the bottom layer of the wiringPi library and python are read and written by reading and writing. The device file of the linux system operates the device, which may cause the GPIO port to be abnormal. Restarting the Raspberry Pi can solve it perfectly.




Support

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