Difference between revisions of "Template:PI4B Senser Kit User Manual"

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Line 178: Line 178:
 
  sudo ./tlc1543
 
  sudo ./tlc1543
  
==接口说明==
+
==Interface==
===接口概述===
+
===Pinout===
1) 默认情况下,Arduino接口数字控制脚对应树莓派IO如下:<br />
+
1) The Arduino compitble interface onboard are related to the GPIO of Raspberry:<br />
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
|Arduino接口||树莓派IO
+
|Arduino Compatible Interface||Raspberry Pi IO
 
|-align="center"
 
|-align="center"
 
|D0||P_RX
 
|D0||P_RX
Line 213: Line 213:
 
|D13||SCK
 
|D13||SCK
 
|}
 
|}
2) 模块电路板上有配置APRI600的D11, D12, D13管脚的跳线。它们之间通过0Ω电阻短接。如下图所示:<br />
+
2) You can configure the SPI interface by changing the setting of 0 ohm resistor as below:<br />
 
[[file:ARPI600_15.png|300px]]<br />
 
[[file:ARPI600_15.png|300px]]<br />
出厂时跳线连接如下:<br />
+
The resistors are solders by default:<br />
*SCK连接D13
+
*SCK is connected D13
*MISO连接D12
+
*MISO is connected to D12
*MOSI连接D11
+
*MOSI is connected to D11
  
如果连接:<br />
+
If you change the resistors as below<br />
*D13连接P26
+
*D13 to P26
*D12连接IO_SD
+
*D12 to IO_SD
*D11连接IO_SC
+
*D11 to IO_SC
则相当于使D11, D12, D13管脚接到树莓派普通IO控制脚。<br />
+
The D11, D12 and D13 pins are connected to GPIO of Raspberry Pi directly.<br />
注意:用户可以根据需要更改这些跳线,但是此操作需要用到焊接器材。在没有我司工作人员指导下擅自更改,将视为放弃保修。<br />
+
Note: You can change the setting of resistors. (Please confirm it with Waveshare first if you want to change it, otherwise, the board lose warranty.<br />
3) APRI600的A0-A5管脚可以配置为IO控制功能或者ADC功能。<br />
+
3) The A0~A5 pisn are configurable, you can configure the as GPIO pin or AD pins.<br />
 
[[file:ARPI600_16.png|300px]]<br />
 
[[file:ARPI600_16.png|300px]]<br />
a) 当A0-A5连接到 1处时,则A0-A5作为IO控制管脚,和树莓派管脚对应关系参见下表:<br />
+
a) If A0~A5 pins are connected to 1, they are used as GPIOs:<br />
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
|Arduino接口||树莓派IO
+
|Arduino interface||Raspberry Pi IO
 
|-align="center"
 
|-align="center"
 
|A0||CE1
 
|A0||CE1
Line 245: Line 245:
 
|A5||MOSI
 
|A5||MOSI
 
|}
 
|}
b) 当A0-A5连接到 3处时,则A0-A5作为AD转换脚。<br />
+
b)If the A0~A5 are connected to 3, they are works as AD pins.<br />
4) 用户可以连接A4和P_SCL,A5和P_SDA(如图 22.),以作为树莓派的I2C控制脚,默认断开。<br />
+
4) You can connect A4 to P_SCL and A5 to P_SD for connecting I2C devices. They are disconnected by default.<br />
注意:用户可以根据更改这些跳线,但是此操作需要用到焊接器材。在没有我司工作人员指导下擅自更改,将视为放弃保修。<br />
+
Note: You can change the setting of pins. (Please confirm it with Waveshare first if you want to change it, otherwise, the board lose warranty.<br />
 
[[file:ARPI600_17.png|300px]]<br />
 
[[file:ARPI600_17.png|300px]]<br />
5) ARPI600提供传感器接口,如图引出4P的传感器接口:<br />
+
5) The pins for sensors are extended in ARPI600 board:<br />
 
[[file:ARPI600_18.png|300px]]<br />
 
[[file:ARPI600_18.png|300px]]<br />
其中:<br />
+
*The pins (A6-A10) in A area are connected to TLC1543 chip for analog signals.<br />
*A处接TLC1543芯片的AD转换(A6-A10)管脚。<br />
+
*The pins in D ara are connected to P0-P4 IO of Raspberry Pi for digital signal.<br />
*D处接树莓派的P0-P4 IO控制脚。<br />
+
You can connect sensors to these pins.<br />
方便用户接入多种传感器。<br />
 
  
 
===ARPI600连接传感器套件(需另外选购)===
 
===ARPI600连接传感器套件(需另外选购)===
Line 260: Line 259:
  
 
*Color Sensor
 
*Color Sensor
1) 把ARPI600插入到树莓派。<br />
+
1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi<br />
2) 按照下表连接传感器和ARPI600的管脚:<br />
+
2) Connect the color sensor to ARPI600:<br />
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
|Color Sensor接口||ARPI600
+
|Color Sensor||ARPI600
 
|-align="center"
 
|-align="center"
 
|LED||3.3V
 
|LED||3.3V
Line 282: Line 281:
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|}
 
|}
3) 把Color_Sensor文件夹复制到树莓派系统内,上电之后,终端执行:<br />
+
3) Copy the folder of Color_Sensor to Raspberry Pi and run it:<br />
 
  cd Color_Sensor
 
  cd Color_Sensor
 
  sudo ./Color_Sensor
 
  sudo ./Color_Sensor
4) 程序会对芯片的白平衡进行调整,时间大概为2s,调整结束以后即可把三原色的频率经过终端输出,对照RGB颜色对照表,即可知道所测得颜色。<br />
+
4) The sensor will fist take the white balance process for 2s and then output the color data.<br />
5) 按Ctrl+C结束程序。<br />
+
5) You can press Ctrl+C to stop the codes<br />
  
 
*Flame Sensor<br />
 
*Flame Sensor<br />
1) 把ARPI600插入到树莓派。<br />
+
1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi<br />
2) 按照下表连接传感器和ARPI600的管脚:<br />
+
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:<br />
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
|Flame Sensor管脚||ARPI600
+
|Flame Sensor||ARPI600
 
|-align="center"
 
|-align="center"
 
|DOUT||NC
 
|DOUT||NC
Line 303: Line 302:
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|}
 
|}
3) 把Flame_Sensor文件夹复制到树莓派系统内,上电之后,终端执行:<br />
+
3) Copy the folder of Flame_Sensor to Raspberry Pi and run the following commands:<br />
 
  cd Flame_Sensor
 
  cd Flame_Sensor
 
  sudo ./General_Sensor
 
  sudo ./General_Sensor
4) 传感器靠近火焰时,模块上的信号指示灯点亮。传感器远离火焰时,模块上的信号指示灯熄灭。<br />
+
4) The LED of sensor lights on when it close to fire.<br />
5) 随着传感器与火焰距离的改变,终端输出的数据也会发生改变。<br />
+
5) The outut data are changing while the distance between sensor and fire is changing.<br />
6) 按Ctrl+C结束程序<br />
+
6) You can press Ctrl+C to stop cpdes<br />
 
<font color="#FF0000">
 
<font color="#FF0000">
注意:该传感器主要用于感知火焰,但其自身并不防火。因此使用时请与火焰保持一定距离,以免烧坏传感器。<br />
+
Note: This sensor isn't fireproof, you cannot put it in fire direclty.<br />
 
</font>
 
</font>
  
 
*Metal Sensor
 
*Metal Sensor
1) 把ARPI600插入到树莓派。
+
1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi<br />
2) 按照下表连接传感器和ARPI600的管脚:
+
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:<br />
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
|Metal Sensor管脚||ARPI600
+
|Metal Sensor||ARPI600
 
|-align="center"
 
|-align="center"
 
|DOUT NC
 
|DOUT NC
Line 328: Line 327:
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|}
 
|}
3) 把Metal_Sensor文件夹复制到树莓派系统内,上电之后,终端执行:<br />
+
3) Copy the folder of Metal_Sensor to Raspberry Pi, and run the following commands:<br />
 
  cd Metal_Sensor
 
  cd Metal_Sensor
 
  sudo ./General_Sensor
 
  sudo ./General_Sensor
4) 传感器接触带电金属时,模块上的信号指示灯点亮。传感器远离金属时,模块上的信号指示灯熄灭。<br />
+
4) The LED of sensor lights on when the sensor touches live metal.<br />
5) 随着传感器与金属接触与分离,终端输出的数据会发生相应改变。<br />
+
5) The data changes according to the touching between sensor and live metal.<br />
6) 按Ctrl+C结束程序。<br />
+
6) You can press Ctrl+C to stop code<br />
  
 
*Hall Sensor<br />
 
*Hall Sensor<br />
1) 把ARPI600插入到树莓派。<br />
+
1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi<br />
2) 按照下表连接传感器和ARPI600的管脚: <br />
+
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:<br />
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
|Hall Sensor管脚||ARPI600
+
|Hall Sensor||ARPI600
 
|-align="center"
 
|-align="center"
 
|DOUT|NC
 
|DOUT|NC
Line 350: Line 349:
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|}
 
|}
3) 把Hall Sensor文件夹复制到树莓派系统内,上电之后,终端执行:<br />
+
3) Copy the folder of Hall Sensor to Raspberry Pi and run the following commands:<br />
 
  cd Hall_Sensor
 
  cd Hall_Sensor
 
  sudo ./General_Sensor
 
  sudo ./General_Sensor
4) 传感器靠近磁铁时,模块上的信号指示灯点亮。传感器远离磁铁时,模块上的信号指示灯熄灭。<br />
+
4) Colose the sensor to magnet, the indicator turns on.<br />
5) 随着传感器与金属接触与分离,终端输出的数据会发生相应改变。<br />
+
5)The data output changes according the touching between sensor and magnet.<br />
6) 按Ctrl+C结束程序。<br />
+
6)You can press Ctrl+C to stop code<br />
  
 
*Infrared Reflective Sensor<br />
 
*Infrared Reflective Sensor<br />
1) 把ARPI600插入到树莓派。<br />
+
1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi<br />
2) 按照下表连接传感器和ARPI600的管脚: <br />
+
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:<br />
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
|Infrared Reflective Sensor管脚||ARPI600
+
|Infrared Reflective Sensor||ARPI600
 
|-align="center"
 
|-align="center"
 
|DOUT||NC
 
|DOUT||NC
Line 372: Line 371:
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|}
 
|}
3) 把Infrared_Reflective_Sensor文件夹复制到树莓派系统内,上电之后,终端执行:<br />
+
3) Copy the Infrared_Reflective_Sensor folder to Raspberry Pi and run the following commands:<br />
 
  cd Infrared_Reflective_Sensor
 
  cd Infrared_Reflective_Sensor
 
  sudo ./General_Sensor
 
  sudo ./General_Sensor
4) 传感器靠近障碍物时,模块上的信号指示灯点亮。传感器远离障碍物时,模块上的信号指示灯熄灭。<br />
+
4) The indicators tuns on when the sensor detects obstacle.<br />
5) 随着传感器与障碍物距离的变化,终端输出的数据也会发生改变。<br />
+
5) The data output is changed according to the distance of obstacle.<br />
6) 按Ctrl+C结束程序。<br />
+
6) You can press Ctrl+C to stop code<br />
  
 
*Laser Sensor<br />
 
*Laser Sensor<br />
1) 把ARPI600插入到树莓派。<br />
+
1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi<br />
2) 按照下表连接传感器和ARPI600的管脚: <br />
+
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:<br />
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
|Laser Sensor管脚||ARPI600
+
|Laser Sensor||ARPI600
 
|-align="center"
 
|-align="center"
 
|DOUT||NC
 
|DOUT||NC
Line 394: Line 393:
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|}
 
|}
3) 把Laser_Sensor文件夹复制到树莓派系统内,在终端运行程序<br />
+
3) Copy the Laser_Sensor folder to Raspberry Pi and run the following commands:<br />
 
  cd Laser_Sensor
 
  cd Laser_Sensor
 
  sudo ./General_Sensor
 
  sudo ./General_Sensor
4) 把障碍物置于激光传感器上方,此时模块上的信号指示灯会被点亮,把障碍物远离激光传感器上方,此时模块上的信号指示灯熄灭。由此可知激光传感器是否探测到障碍物。<br />
+
4) Put an object obove the sensors, the indicator of sensor turns on.<br />
5) 按Ctrl+C结束程序。<br />
+
5) You can press Ctrl+C to stop code<br />
  
 
*Moisture Sensor<br />
 
*Moisture Sensor<br />
1) 把ARPI600插入到树莓派。<br />
+
1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi<br />
2) 按照下表连接传感器和ARPI600的管脚: <br />
+
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:<br />
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
|Moisture Sensor管脚||ARPI600
+
|Moisture Sensor||ARPI600
 
|-align="center"
 
|-align="center"
 
|DOUT||NC
 
|DOUT||NC
Line 415: Line 414:
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|}
 
|}
3) 把Moisture_Sensor文件夹复制到树莓派系统内,上电之后,终端执行:<br />
+
3) Copyt the Moisture_Sensor folder to Raspberry Pi and run the following commands:<br />
 
  cd Moisture_Sensor
 
  cd Moisture_Sensor
 
  sudo ./General_Sensor
 
  sudo ./General_Sensor
4) 把传感器插入土壤中,然后逐渐往土壤中加水,终端输出数据变化。<br />
+
4) Inset the the sensor to soil watering, the data will change.<br />
5) 按Ctrl+C结束程序。<br />
+
5) You can press Ctrl+C to stop codes<br />
  
 
*Rotation Sensor<br />
 
*Rotation Sensor<br />
1) 把ARPI600插入到树莓派。<br />
+
1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi<br />
2) 按照下表连接传感器和ARPI600的管脚:<br />
+
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:<br />
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
|Moisture Sensor管脚||ARPI600
+
|Moisture Sensor||ARPI600
 
|-align="center"
 
|-align="center"
 
|SIA||P0
 
|SIA||P0
Line 438: Line 437:
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|}
 
|}
3) 把Rotation_Sensor文件夹复制到树莓派系统内,上电之后,终端执行:<br />
+
3) Copy the Rotation_Sensor folers to Raspberry Pi and runthe following commands:<br />
 
  cd Rotation_Sensor
 
  cd Rotation_Sensor
 
  sudo ./Rotation_Sensor
 
  sudo ./Rotation_Sensor
4) 分别顺时针旋转,逆时针旋转和按下编码器,端口分别输出数据:<br />
+
4) Trun the sensor clockwisely or anticlocwisely, press the potentiometer, the data output changes.<br />
 
  Turn right!
 
  Turn right!
 
  Turn left!
 
  Turn left!
 
  Turn down!
 
  Turn down!
5) 把模块的SIA,SIB,SW端口分别连接逻辑分析仪(需另外选购)的CH0,CH1,CH2。<br />
+
5) Connect the SIA, SIB, SW pins tologic analyzer(CH0, CH1, CH2).<br />
顺时针旋转编码器,波行输出如下:<br />
+
Turn the potentiometer clockwisely:<br />
 
[[file:ARPI600_19.png|300px]]<br />
 
[[file:ARPI600_19.png|300px]]<br />
逆时针转编码器,波行输出如下:<br />
+
Turn the potenitmerter anticlockwisely:<br />
 
[[file:ARPI600_20.png|300px]]<br />
 
[[file:ARPI600_20.png|300px]]<br />
按下编码器上的按键:<br />
+
Press the button in encoder:<br />
 
[[file:ARPI600_21.png|300px]]<br />
 
[[file:ARPI600_21.png|300px]]<br />
6) 按Ctrl+C结束程序。<br />
+
6)You can press Ctrl+C to stop codes.<br />
  
 
*Sound Sensor<br />
 
*Sound Sensor<br />
1) 把ARPI600插入到树莓派。<br />
+
1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi<br />
2) 按照下表连接传感器和ARPI600的管脚: <br />
+
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:<br />
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
|Sound Sensor管脚||ARPI600
+
|Sound Sensor||ARPI600
 
|-align="center"
 
|-align="center"
 
|DOUT||NC
 
|DOUT||NC
Line 469: Line 468:
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|}
 
|}
3) 把Sound_Sensor文件夹复制到树莓派系统内,上电之后,终端执行:<br />
+
3)Copy the Sound_Sensor folder to Raspberry Pi and run the following commands:<br />
 
  cd Sound_Sensor
 
  cd Sound_Sensor
 
  sudo ./General_Sensor
 
  sudo ./General_Sensor
4) 当模块的咪头靠近发声源时,模块上的信号指示灯点亮。当模块的咪头远离发声源时,模块上的信号指示灯熄灭。<br />
+
4) The indicator of sensor turns on when the sensor close to sounds.<br />
5) 随着传感器与发声源距离的变化,终端输出数据有相应的变化。<br />
+
5) The data changes while the distance change.<br />
6) 按Ctrl+C结束程序。<br />
+
6) You can press Ctrl+C to stop code.<br />
  
 
*Temperature-Humidity Sensor<br />
 
*Temperature-Humidity Sensor<br />
1) 把ARPI600插入到树莓派。<br />
+
1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi<br />
2) 按照下表连接传感器和ARPI600的管脚:<br />
+
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:<br />
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
|管脚||ARPI600
+
|PIN||ARPI600
 
|-align="center"
 
|-align="center"
 
|DOUT||P0
 
|DOUT||P0
Line 489: Line 488:
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|}
 
|}
3) 把Temperature-Humidity_Sensor文件夹复制到树莓派系统内,上电之后,终端执行:<br />
+
3) Copy the Temperature-Humidity_Sensor folder to Raspberry Pi and run the following commands:<br />
 
  cd Temperature-Humidity_Sensor
 
  cd Temperature-Humidity_Sensor
 
  sudo ./DHT11
 
  sudo ./DHT11
4) 终端输出温度和湿度。例如:<br />
+
4)Temperature and humidity data are printed<br />
 
  Humidity=33  
 
  Humidity=33  
 
  Temperature=28
 
  Temperature=28
5) 按Ctrl+C结束程序。<br />
+
5) You can press Ctrl+C to stop code<br />
  
 
*MQ-5 Gas Sensor<br />
 
*MQ-5 Gas Sensor<br />
1) 把ARPI600插入到树莓派。<br />
+
1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi<br />
2) 按照下表连接传感器和ARPI600的管脚:<br />
+
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:<br />
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
|管脚||ARPI600
+
|PIN||ARPI600
 
|-align="center"
 
|-align="center"
 
|DOUT||NC
 
|DOUT||NC
Line 512: Line 511:
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|}
 
|}
3) 把MQ-5_Gas_Sensor文件夹复制到树莓派系统内,上电之后,终端执行:<br />
+
3) Copy the MQ-5_Gas_Sensor folder to Raspberry Pi and run the following commands:<br />
 
  cd MQ-5_Gas_Sensor
 
  cd MQ-5_Gas_Sensor
 
  sudo ./General_Sensor
 
  sudo ./General_Sensor
4) 让传感器先预热一分钟。<br />
+
4) The sensor requires about 1 minute to warm up. <br />
5) 把传感器放入含有敏感气体(该气体传感器对液化气,天然气和煤气敏感)的装置中,模块上的信号指示灯点亮。把传感器从敏感气体装置中取出,模块上的信号指示灯熄灭。由此可判断敏感气体的浓度是否超标。<br />
+
5) Put the sensor into testing equipment with gases, the indicator of sensor turns on.<br />
6) 按Ctrl+C结束程序。<br />
+
6) You can press Ctrl+C to stop code<br />
  
 
*Tilt Sensor<br />
 
*Tilt Sensor<br />
1) 把ARPI600插入到树莓派。<br />
+
1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi<br />
2) 按照下表连接传感器和ARPI600的管脚:<br />
+
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:<br />
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
|管脚||ARPI600
+
|PIN||ARPI600
 
|-align="center"
 
|-align="center"
 
|DOUT||T_A6
 
|DOUT||T_A6
Line 532: Line 531:
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|}
 
|}
3) 把Tilt_Sensor文件夹复制到树莓派系统内,上电之后,终端执行:<br />
+
3) Copy the Tilt_Sensor folder to Raspberry Pi and run the following commands:<br />
 
  cd Tilt_Sensor
 
  cd Tilt_Sensor
 
  sudo ./General_Sensor
 
  sudo ./General_Sensor
4) 晃动模块或使模块倾斜时,模块上的信号指示灯点亮。模块平行放置时,模块上的信号指示灯熄灭。由此可判断模块的状态是否发生晃动或倾斜。<br />
+
4) Shake the sensor to check the data and indicator.<br />
5) 按Ctrl+C结束程序。<br />
+
5) You can press Ctrl+C to stop code<br />
  
 
*UV Sensor<br />
 
*UV Sensor<br />
1) 把ARPI600插入到树莓派。
+
1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi<br />
2) 按照下表连接传感器和ARPI600的管<br />脚:<br />
+
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:<br />
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
|管脚||ARPI600
+
|PIN||ARPI600
 
|-align="center"
 
|-align="center"
 
|AOUT|T_A6
 
|AOUT|T_A6
Line 551: Line 550:
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|}
 
|}
3) 把UV_Sensor文件夹复制到树莓派系统内,上电之后,终端执行:<br />
+
3) Copy the UV_Sensor folder to Raspberry Pi and run the following commands<br />
 
  cd UV_Sensor
 
  cd UV_Sensor
 
  sudo ./General_Sensor
 
  sudo ./General_Sensor
4) 让传感器靠近阳光,终端输出的数据会发生改变。<br />
+
4) The data changes when detecting UV wave.<br />
5) 按Ctrl+C结束程序。<br />
+
5)You can press Ctrl+C to stop code<br />
  
 
*Liquid Level Sensor<br />
 
*Liquid Level Sensor<br />
1) 把ARPI600插入到树莓派。<br />
+
1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi<br />
2) 按照下表连接传感器和ARPI600的管脚:<br />
+
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:<br />
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
{|border=1; style="width:700px;"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
 
|-style="background:#0000ff; color:white;" align="center"
|管脚||ARPI600
+
|PIN||ARPI600
 
|-align="center"
 
|-align="center"
 
|AOUT||T_A6
 
|AOUT||T_A6
Line 570: Line 569:
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|VCC||3.3V
 
|}
 
|}
3) 把Liquid_Level_Sensor文件夹复制到树莓派系统内,上电之后,终端执行:<br />
+
3) Copyt the Liquid_Level_Sensor folder to Raspberry Pi and run the following commands:<br />
 
  cd Liquid_Level_Sensor
 
  cd Liquid_Level_Sensor
 
  sudo ./General_Sensor
 
  sudo ./General_Sensor
4) 把传感器插入一定深度的水中,终端输出的数据会发生改变。<br />
+
4) Put the sensor in water, the data output changes.<br />
5) 按Ctrl+C结束程序。<br />
+
5) You can press Ctrl+C to stop code<br />

Revision as of 08:26, 17 September 2020

Configure Raspberry Pi

Enable I2C Interface

Open a terminal and run the following commands:

sudo raspi-config 
Choose Interfacing Options -> I2C ->yes 

Reboot Raspberry Pi:

sudo reboot

RPI open i2c.png

Enable SPI interface

  • Open terminal, use command to enter the configuration page
sudo raspi-config
Choose Interfacing Options -> SPI -> Yes  to enable SPI interface

RPI open spi.png
Reboot Raspberry Pi:

sudo reboot

Please make sure that SPI interface was not used by other devices

Enable UART

If the module is set to UART mode and is connected to the UART interface of the Raspberry Pi, the UART of the Raspberry Pi also needs to be enabled accordingly. Since the Raspberry Pi serial port is used for terminal debugging by default, if you want to use the serial port, you need to modify the Raspberry Pi settings. Execute the following command to enter the Raspberry Pi configuration:

sudo raspi-config

Choose Interfacing Options -> Serial -> No -> Yes
You need to disable the login shell and enable the hardware serial

L76X GPS Module rpi serial.png


Reboot Raspberry Pi

sudo reboot

Install libraries

  • Install BCM2835 libraries
wget http://www.airspayce.com/mikem/bcm2835/bcm2835-1.71.tar.gz
tar zxvf bcm2835-1.71.tar.gz 
cd bcm2835-1.71/
sudo ./configure
sudo make
sudo make check
sudo make install
#For more details, please refer to http://www.airspayce.com/mikem/bcm2835/
  • Install WiringPi libraries
sudo apt-get install wiringpi

#For Pi 4, you need to update it:
cd /tmp
wget https://project-downloads.drogon.net/wiringpi-latest.deb
sudo dpkg -i wiringpi-latest.deb
gpio -v
#You will get 2.52 information if you install it correctly
  • python
sudo apt-get updata
sudo apt-get install ttf-wqy-zenhei
sudo apt-get install python-pip 
sudo pip install RPi.GPIO
sudo pip install spidev
sudo apt-get install python-smbus
sudo apt-get install python-serial
sudo pip install rpi_ws281x

Download Demo codes

sudo apt-get install p7zip
wget http://www.waveshare.com/w/upload/3/37/ARPI600.7z
7zr x ARPI600.7z -r -o./ARPI600
sudo chmod 777 -R ARPI600
cd ARPI600/RaspberryPi/ARPI600_Code

Control sensors by Serial port

Configure Serial Port

1) Open a terminal and run the following commands:

sudo nano /boot/cmdline.txt

Change the line below:

wc_otg.lpm_enable=0 console=ttyAMA0,115200 kgdboc=ttyAMA0,115200 console=tty1 root=/dev/mmcblk0p2 rootfstype=ext4 elevator=deadline rootwait

to:

dwc_otg.lpm_enable=0 console=tty1 root=/dev/mmcblk0p2 rootfstype=ext4
elevator=deadline rootwait

Save and exit (Ctrl+X, Y)
2) Run the following command:

sudo nano /etc/inittab

Modify the line below:

#Spawn a getty on Raspberry Pi serial line
T0:23:respawn:/sbin/getty -L ttyAMA0 115200 vt100

to:

#Spawn a getty on Raspberry Pi serial line
#T0:23:respawn:/sbin/getty -L ttyAMA0 115200 vt100

Save and exit (Ctrl+X, Y)
3) Reboot Raspberry Pi:

sudo reboot

After rebooting, the hardware serial of Raspberry Pi is enabled and the login shell function is disabled. If you want to access Raspberry Pi via serial port, you need to reset all the setting and reboot.

Print data via serial Port

1) Users should configure the jumpers on board for enable serial port:

  • Connect CP_RX to P_TX
  • Connect CP_TX to P_RX

2)Run putty software in host PC and configure:

  • Serial line: Select the COM port according the Devive Manager
  • Speed: Set the buad rate to
  • Connection type: Choose Serial。

3) Copy the program/Xbee/send folder to Raspberry Pi and go into send folder, run the following commands:

sudo make
sudo ./serialTest

The serial port will print data as below:
ARPI600 1.png

Set up a wireless network with 2 Xbee modules

Preparation

1) Two Xbee modules
2) Two ARPI600 modules
3) Two Raspberry Pi

  • We divide them to A group and B group (XBee-A,ARPI600-A,XBee-B,ARPI600-B)

Install X-CRU tool

1) Install software/X-CTU V5.2.8.6.exe in host PC
ARPI600 2.png
2) Configure XBee mdoule

  • Baud: 9600
  • Data Bite: 8
  • Parity: NONE
  • Stop: 1

Test XBee in host PCe

1) Connect XBee-A to ARPI600-A. Connect XBee-B to ARPI600-B.
2) Configure jumpers to enable the XBee:
ARPI600 3.png

  • Connect XB_RX to CP_RX
  • Connect CP_TX to XB_TX

3) Power on the Raspberry Pi
4) Click Test/Query button to check if the XBee module is connected successfully:
ARPI600 4.png
5) The module is connected normally if you get the following result:
ARPI600 5.png

Configure XBee-A

1) Click Modem Configuration Option, and click Read button to read the parameter of XBee:
ARPI600 6.png
2) Select ZIBGEE ROUTER/END DEVICE AT from Function Set box:
ARPI600 7.png
3) Configure Networking parameter as below:

  • ID: 234
  • DH: 0
  • DL: 0

4) Click Write button to save the settings of XBee-A.

Configure XBee-B

1) Click Modem Configuration Option, and click the Read button to read the parameter of XBee.
2) Select ZIGBEE COORDINATOR AT from Function Set box:
ARPI600 7.png
3) Configure Networking parameter as below:

  • ID: 234
  • DH: 0
  • DL: ffff

4) Click the Write button to save the settings of XBee-B.
5) After setting, run two X-CTU windows in the host PC and select the corresponding COM port in the PC Setting option, then you can test the point to point communication between two XBee modules.
6) In the terminal of X-CTU (XBee-A), input the data and the data will be transmitted to XBee-B and printed in terminal of X-CTU software (Bee-B), Blue is the data transmitted and Red is the data Received.
ARPI600 8.png

Wireless Communicating Between XBee Modules

Set up and configure XBee modules as above guides first. Then we can configure Raspberry Pi for wireless communicating.
1) Configure jumers of ARPI600:

  • Connect XB_RX to P_TX
  • Connect XB_TX to P_RX

ARPI600 9.png
2) Testing:
Run the following commands:

cd /Xbee/getdata
sudo make
sudo ./serialTest

Data will be printed as below:
ARPI600 10.png
Go into the send folder and run the following commands:

sudo make
sudo ./serialTest

The receiver will printed the data received:
ARPI600 11.png

RTC

1) Connectg the RTC JMPjumpers
2) Run the LXTerminal and input:

i2cdetect -y 1

3) The i2c address of PCF8563 should be printed.
ARPI600 12.png
4)Run the following commands in LXTerminal terminal:

modprobei2c-dev
echo pcf8563 0x51 > /sys/class/i2c-adapter/i2c-1/new_device
hwclock -r#(Read the RTC time)

The time of PCF8563 is printed in LXTerminal, it may be different with system time
5) Run the following commands in LXTerminal:

hwclock -w #(Write the system time to PCF8563)
hwclock -r #(Read the PCF8563 time)
hwclock -s #(Synchronize the system time and RTC)

AD(Onboard TLC1543)

Configure A0 Pin

1) Install libraries (ignore if you have done)
2) Set REF voltage:

  • Connect REF to 5V: the REF voltage of the AD chip is 5V (Default)
  • Connect REF连 to 3V3: the REF voltage of the AD chip is 3.3V.

You can only choose one setting when configure the REF voltage.
ARPI600 13.png
3) Copy the program/AD_TLC1543 folder to Raspberry Pi and go into it. Run wit the following commands

sudo make
sudo ./tlc1543

4) The data sent from AD0 pin will be printed.
5) Connect the T_A0 pin to A0, then you can connect the A0 pin to any sensors for Analog signal reading:
ARPI600 14.png

Configure AD pins

1) If you want to read the data of other AD pins, you can modify tlc1543.c file:
sudo nano tlc1543.c Find the line:
re=ADCSelChannel(0); Change 0 to other number of pin for testing other AD pins (for example: re=ADCSelChannel(1);
Save and exti (Ctrl+X, Y)
2)Run the following commands to test:

sudo make
sudo ./tlc1543

Interface

Pinout

1) The Arduino compitble interface onboard are related to the GPIO of Raspberry:

Arduino Compatible Interface Raspberry Pi IO
D0 P_RX
D1 P_TX
D2 P0
D3 P1
D4 P2
D5 P3
D6 P4
D7 P5
D8 P6
D9 P7
D10 CE0
D11 MOSI
D12 MISO
D13 SCK

2) You can configure the SPI interface by changing the setting of 0 ohm resistor as below:
ARPI600 15.png
The resistors are solders by default:

  • SCK is connected D13
  • MISO is connected to D12
  • MOSI is connected to D11

If you change the resistors as below

  • D13 to P26
  • D12 to IO_SD
  • D11 to IO_SC

The D11, D12 and D13 pins are connected to GPIO of Raspberry Pi directly.
Note: You can change the setting of resistors. (Please confirm it with Waveshare first if you want to change it, otherwise, the board lose warranty.
3) The A0~A5 pisn are configurable, you can configure the as GPIO pin or AD pins.
ARPI600 16.png
a) If A0~A5 pins are connected to 1, they are used as GPIOs:

Arduino interface Raspberry Pi IO
A0 CE1
A1 P5
A2 P6
A3 P7
A4 CE0
A5 MOSI

b)If the A0~A5 are connected to 3, they are works as AD pins.
4) You can connect A4 to P_SCL and A5 to P_SD for connecting I2C devices. They are disconnected by default.
Note: You can change the setting of pins. (Please confirm it with Waveshare first if you want to change it, otherwise, the board lose warranty.
ARPI600 17.png
5) The pins for sensors are extended in ARPI600 board:
ARPI600 18.png

  • The pins (A6-A10) in A area are connected to TLC1543 chip for analog signals.
  • The pins in D ara are connected to P0-P4 IO of Raspberry Pi for digital signal.

You can connect sensors to these pins.

ARPI600连接传感器套件(需另外选购)

以下操作都需把ARPI600插上树莓派使用。如果只有ARPI600和传感器套件,却没有树莓派的话,那么是无法使用的。

  • Color Sensor

1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi
2) Connect the color sensor to ARPI600:

Color Sensor ARPI600
LED 3.3V
OUT P0
S3 P4
S2 P3
S1 P2
S0 P1
GND GND
VCC 3.3V

3) Copy the folder of Color_Sensor to Raspberry Pi and run it:

cd Color_Sensor
sudo ./Color_Sensor

4) The sensor will fist take the white balance process for 2s and then output the color data.
5) You can press Ctrl+C to stop the codes

  • Flame Sensor

1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:

Flame Sensor ARPI600
DOUT NC
AOUT T_A6
GND GND
VCC 3.3V

3) Copy the folder of Flame_Sensor to Raspberry Pi and run the following commands:

cd Flame_Sensor
sudo ./General_Sensor

4) The LED of sensor lights on when it close to fire.
5) The outut data are changing while the distance between sensor and fire is changing.
6) You can press Ctrl+C to stop cpdes
Note: This sensor isn't fireproof, you cannot put it in fire direclty.

  • Metal Sensor

1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:

Metal Sensor ARPI600
DOUT NC
AOUT T_A6
GND GND
VCC 3.3V

3) Copy the folder of Metal_Sensor to Raspberry Pi, and run the following commands:

cd Metal_Sensor
sudo ./General_Sensor

4) The LED of sensor lights on when the sensor touches live metal.
5) The data changes according to the touching between sensor and live metal.
6) You can press Ctrl+C to stop code

  • Hall Sensor

1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:

Hall Sensor ARPI600
NC
AOUT T_A6
GND GND
VCC 3.3V

3) Copy the folder of Hall Sensor to Raspberry Pi and run the following commands:

cd Hall_Sensor
sudo ./General_Sensor

4) Colose the sensor to magnet, the indicator turns on.
5)The data output changes according the touching between sensor and magnet.
6)You can press Ctrl+C to stop code

  • Infrared Reflective Sensor

1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:

Infrared Reflective Sensor ARPI600
DOUT NC
AOUT T_A6
GND GND
VCC 3.3V

3) Copy the Infrared_Reflective_Sensor folder to Raspberry Pi and run the following commands:

cd Infrared_Reflective_Sensor
sudo ./General_Sensor

4) The indicators tuns on when the sensor detects obstacle.
5) The data output is changed according to the distance of obstacle.
6) You can press Ctrl+C to stop code

  • Laser Sensor

1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:

Laser Sensor ARPI600
DOUT NC
AOUT T_A6
GND GND
VCC 3.3V

3) Copy the Laser_Sensor folder to Raspberry Pi and run the following commands:

cd Laser_Sensor
sudo ./General_Sensor

4) Put an object obove the sensors, the indicator of sensor turns on.
5) You can press Ctrl+C to stop code

  • Moisture Sensor

1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:

Moisture Sensor ARPI600
DOUT NC
AOUT T_A6
GND GND
VCC 3.3V

3) Copyt the Moisture_Sensor folder to Raspberry Pi and run the following commands:

cd Moisture_Sensor
sudo ./General_Sensor

4) Inset the the sensor to soil watering, the data will change.
5) You can press Ctrl+C to stop codes

  • Rotation Sensor

1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:

Moisture Sensor ARPI600
SIA P0
SIB P1
SW P2
GND GND
VCC 3.3V

3) Copy the Rotation_Sensor folers to Raspberry Pi and runthe following commands:

cd Rotation_Sensor
sudo ./Rotation_Sensor

4) Trun the sensor clockwisely or anticlocwisely, press the potentiometer, the data output changes.

Turn right!
Turn left!
Turn down!

5) Connect the SIA, SIB, SW pins tologic analyzer(CH0, CH1, CH2).
Turn the potentiometer clockwisely:
ARPI600 19.png
Turn the potenitmerter anticlockwisely:
ARPI600 20.png
Press the button in encoder:
ARPI600 21.png
6)You can press Ctrl+C to stop codes.

  • Sound Sensor

1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:

Sound Sensor ARPI600
DOUT NC
AOUT T_A6
GND GND
VCC 3.3V

3)Copy the Sound_Sensor folder to Raspberry Pi and run the following commands:

cd Sound_Sensor
sudo ./General_Sensor

4) The indicator of sensor turns on when the sensor close to sounds.
5) The data changes while the distance change.
6) You can press Ctrl+C to stop code.

  • Temperature-Humidity Sensor

1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:

PIN ARPI600
DOUT P0
GND GND
VCC 3.3V

3) Copy the Temperature-Humidity_Sensor folder to Raspberry Pi and run the following commands:

cd Temperature-Humidity_Sensor
sudo ./DHT11

4)Temperature and humidity data are printed

Humidity=33 
Temperature=28

5) You can press Ctrl+C to stop code

  • MQ-5 Gas Sensor

1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:

PIN ARPI600
DOUT NC
AOUT T_A6
GND GND
VCC 3.3V

3) Copy the MQ-5_Gas_Sensor folder to Raspberry Pi and run the following commands:

cd MQ-5_Gas_Sensor
sudo ./General_Sensor

4) The sensor requires about 1 minute to warm up.
5) Put the sensor into testing equipment with gases, the indicator of sensor turns on.
6) You can press Ctrl+C to stop code

  • Tilt Sensor

1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:

PIN ARPI600
DOUT T_A6
GND GND
VCC 3.3V

3) Copy the Tilt_Sensor folder to Raspberry Pi and run the following commands:

cd Tilt_Sensor
sudo ./General_Sensor

4) Shake the sensor to check the data and indicator.
5) You can press Ctrl+C to stop code

  • UV Sensor

1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:

PIN ARPI600
T_A6
GND GND
VCC 3.3V

3) Copy the UV_Sensor folder to Raspberry Pi and run the following commands

cd UV_Sensor
sudo ./General_Sensor

4) The data changes when detecting UV wave.
5)You can press Ctrl+C to stop code

  • Liquid Level Sensor

1) Connect the ARPI600 to Raspberry Pi
2) Connect the sensor to ARPI600:

PIN ARPI600
AOUT T_A6
GND GND
VCC 3.3V

3) Copyt the Liquid_Level_Sensor folder to Raspberry Pi and run the following commands:

cd Liquid_Level_Sensor
sudo ./General_Sensor

4) Put the sensor in water, the data output changes.
5) You can press Ctrl+C to stop code