Template: Hardware/Software setting for SPI e-paper

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We provide examples for four popular platforms: Arduino UNO, Jetson Nano, Raspberry Pi, and STM32. You can refer to the corresponding part according to the platform you use(This is a common template will be used by all types of the e-Paper, please refer to the corresponding type you have)


Hardware connection

The demo codes provided are tested on Arduino UNO. If you want to use another Arduino board, you may need to change the connection and port the codes by yourself.
The RAM of Arduino UNO is too small to realize drawing function of e-Paper. In this case, for most of the e-Paper, we only make the image display function and save the image to flash.
We recommend you to use [E-Paper Shield] if you use Arduino UNO. The seven-color e-Paper is not compatible with the e-Paper shield, please note it.

Connect to Arduino Pins
e-Paper Arduino UNO Mega2560
Vcc 5V 5V
DIN D11 D51
CLK D13 D52
CS D10 D10
DC D9 D9
E-paper driver hat to arduino connet.png

Install Arduino IDE

arduino IDE Install Guide

Run the Program

Download the program on the product encyclopedia interface, and then unzip it. Arduino programs are located at ~/Arduino/…
Run the program.png
Please select the corresponding program to open according to the ink screen model

Supporting types


epd_1in02y:Example for 1.02inch e-Paper/1.02inch e-Paper Module

1.54inch(1.54inch e-paper c:152×152,others:200×200):

epd_1in54: Example for 1.54inch e-paper V1(Balck/White): This version is stopped production which can be bought before 2019-11-22;
epd_1in54_V2: Example for 1.54inch e-paper V2(Balck/White): This is the current version which can be bought now (2020-07-29). The e-Paper has V2 sticker on the backside.
epd_1in54b: Example for 1.54inch e-paper B(Black/White/Red);
epd_1in54b_V2: Example for 1.54inch e-paper B V2(Black/White/Red);
epd_1in54c: Example for 1.54inch e-paper C(Black/White/Red);br />


epd_2in7: Example for 2.7inch e-paper(Black/White);
epd_2in7b: Example for 2.7inch e-paper B(Black.White/Red);
epd_2in7b_V2: Example for 2.7inch e-paper B V2(Black.White/Red);


epd_2in9: Example for 2.9inch e-paper(Black/White);
epd_2in9_V2: Example for 2.9inch e-paper V2(Black/White);
epd_2in9bc: Example for 2.9inch e-paper B(Balck/White/Red) and 2.9inch e-paper C(Black/White/Yellow);
epd_2in9b_V3: Example for 2.9inch e-paper B V3(Balck/White/Red;
epd_2in9d: Example for 2.9inch e-paper D(Black/White);

2.13inch(2.13inch e-Paper:250×122,others:212×104):

epd_2in13: Example for 2.13inch e-paper V1(Black/White), this version is stopped production and it can be bought before 019-05-15;
epd_2in13_V2y: Example for 2.13inch e-paper V2(Black/White) This is the current version with sticker V2 on the backside (2020-07-29);
epd_2in13bc: Example for 2.13inch e-paper B(Black/White/Red)and 2.13inch e-paper C(Black/White/Yellow);
epd_2in13b_V3: Example for 2.13inch e-paper B V3(Black/White/Red)
epd_2in13d: Example for 2.13inch e-paper D(Black/White);

2.66inch (152 x 296)

epd_2in66: Example for 2.66inch e-Paper (Black/White);
epd_2in66b: Example for 2.66inch e-Paoer (Black/White/Red);

3.7inch (280 x 480)

epd_3in7: Example for 3.7inch e-Paper (Black/White);

4.01inch (640x400)

epd_4in01f: Example for 4.01inch e-Paper (Seven-color);


epd_4in2: Example for 4.2inch e-paper(Black/White);
epd_4in2bc: Example for 4.2inch e-paper B(Black/White/Red);
epd_4in2b_V2: Example for 4.2inch e-paper B V2(Black/White/Red);

5.65inch (600x448)

epd_5in65f: Example for 5.65inch e-Paper F (Seven-color);


epd_5in83: Example for 5.83inch e-paper(Black/White);
epd_5in83_V2: Example for 5.83inch e-paper V2(Black/White);
epd_5in83bc: Example for 5.83inch e-paper B(Black/White/Red)and 5.83inch e-paper C(Black/White/Yellow);
epd_5in83b_V2: Example for 5.83inch e-paper B V2(Black/White/Red)

7.5inch(V1:640×384, V2:800×480):

epd_7in5: Example for 7.5inch e-paper(Black/White), this version is stopped production and it can be bought before 2019-12-07;
epd_7in5_V2: Example for 7.5inch e-paper V2(Black/White), This is the current version with V2 sticker on the backside (2020-07-29)
epd_7in5bc: Example for 7.5inch e-paper B(Black/White/Red)and 7.5inch e-paper C(Black/White/Yellow),7.5inch e-paper B V1 version is stopped production and it can be bought before 2019-12-07;
epd_7in5b_V2: Example for 7.5inch e-paper B V2(Black/White/Red); This is the current version with V2 sticker on the backside. (2020-07-29);

7.5inch (HD 880 x 528)

epd_7in5_HD: Example for 7.5inch e-Paper HD (Black/White);
epd_7in5b_HD: Example for 7.5inch e-Paper B HD (Black/White/Red);
*Note: The above time is for reference only, please refer to the screen logo for the specific version
For example, 1.54inch e-Paper Module. Open the epd1in54 folder and run the epd1in54.ino file.
Open the program, select the development board model Arduino UNO
Select the corresponding COM port
Then click compile and download
Since the flash of arduino UNO is very small, several large-size screens use MEGA2560 for better results:<

Code Description


Take the 1.54-inch ink screen controlled by Arduino UNO as an example, open the epd1in54 directory:
in which:
epd1in54.ino: open with Arduino IDE;
epd1in54.cpp(.h): is the driver of the ink screen;
epdif.cpp(.h): is the hardware interface definition, which encapsulates the read and write pin levels, SPI data transmission, and pin initialization;
font8.cpp, font12.cpp, font16.cpp, font20.cpp, font24.cpp, fonts.h: are the models of characters of different sizes;
imagedata.cpp(.h): is the image data, which can convert the 2-bit depth BMP image into an array through Img2Lcd (downloadable in the development data).
The program is divided into the bottom hardware interface, the middle layer ink screen driver, and the upper layer application;

Bottom Hardware Interface

hardware interfaces are defined in epdif.cpp(.h) file

Write GPIO
void DigitalWrite(int pin, int value)

The first parameter is GPIO, and second parameter is level

int DigitalRead(int pin)

The parameter is GPIO, and return value is level

DelayMs(unsigned int delaytime)

Delay time, unit is ms

SPI transmit data
SpiTransfer(unsigned char data)

Type of parameter is char

Hardware initailze
int IfInit(void)

The initialize function of SPI, input/ouptu are packaged here。

Middle EPD driver

Instantiate e-Paper class

The Arduino codes are based on C++, should instantiate e-Paper class is necessary.

Epd epd;
Initialize e-Paper, it should be used to initialize e-Paper or wakeup e-Paper from sleep mode.
  • 2.13inch e-Paper,2.9inch e-Paper
epd.Init(lut_full_update); //Fully update
epd.Init(lut_partial_update); //Partial update
  • 4.2inch e-Paper
Clear, clear the e-Paper to white

In some of project, the operation is divided to two part, they work in the same way

epd.DisplayFrame();//Display it
Transmit one frame of image and display
void Display(const unsigned char* frame_buffer);
void DisplayFrame(const unsigned char* frame_buffer_black, const unsigned char* frame_buffer_red); //Three color e-Paper

Set the e-Paper enter sleep mode. The consumption of the e-Paper will be reduced. However, you still need to update the display periodically to avoid a ghost problem.

Application functions

The drawing functions are defined in this part.
The coordination of the image buffer:
E-paper arduino pic1.png

The functions are defined in epdpaint.h file
E-paper arduino ide codeDescription2.png

Initailze image buffer
Paint(unsigned char* image, int width, int height);

The first parameter is image buffer, the second one is the width of the picture, and the third one is the height.

Paint paint(image, 0, 0);    // width should be the multiple of 8

The second and third parameters are set to 0, you can re-configure them with functions below:

Set the width, height, rotate degree.
int  GetWidth(void); //Get the width
void SetWidth(int width);//Set the width
int  GetHeight(void);//Get the height
void SetHeight(int height);//Set the height
int  GetRotate(void);//Get the degree
void SetRotate(int rotate);//Set the rotate degree
Get the image data
unsigned char* GetImage(void);
Draw circle
void DrawPixel(int x, int y, int colored);


Draw characater
void DrawCharAt(int x, int y, char ascii_char, sFONT* font, int colored);

Set(x,y)as the start point, draw characters ascii_char, set the fonts as font, color is colored.

Draw string
void DrawStringAt(int x, int y, const char* text, sFONT* font, int colored);

Set(x,y)as the start point, draw the string text, font is font,color is colored

Draw line
void DrawLine(int x0, int y0, int x1, int y1, int colored);

Use (x0,y0)as start point, (x1,y1) as end point;

Draw cross line
void DrawHorizontalLine(int x, int y, int width, int colored);

Set(x0,y0)as start points,draw a line, the widht is width, and color is colored</ br>

Draw a vertical line
void DrawVerticalLine(int x, int y, int height, int colored);

Use(x0,y0) as start point, draw a vertical line, width is height and color is colored./ br>

Draw a empty rectangle
void DrawRectangle(int x0, int y0, int x1, int y1, int colored);

User(x0,y0) as start point,(x1,y1)is end point, draw a rectangel, color of edges are colored.

Draw a full rectangle
void DrawFilledRectangle(int x0, int y0, int x1, int y1, int colored);

Use(x0,y0)as start point, (x1,y1) is end point, draw a rectange, filled it with color: colored

Draw an empty circle
void DrawCircle(int x, int y, int radius, int colored);

Use (x,y)as center,draw a empty circle with radius, color is colored

Draw a full circle
void DrawFilledCircle(int x, int y, int radius, int colored);

Use (x,y)as center, draw a circle, radius is radius, filled with color: colored

Raspberry Pi

Hardware connection

If the board you get is the HAT version like 2.13inch e-Paper HAT, you can directly attach it on the 40PIN GPIO of Raspberry Pi. Or you can wire it to Raspberry Pi with 8PIN cable.

Connect to Raspberry Pi
e-Paper Raspberry Pi
BCM2835 Board
VCC 3.3V 3.3V
CS CE0 24
DC 25 22
RST 17 11
BUSY 24 18

Enable SPI interface

PS: If you are using a system with a Bullseye branch, you need to change "apt-get" to "apt", and the system of the Bullseye branch only supports Python3.
  • Open the terminal, and use the command to enter the configuration page.
sudo raspi-config
Choose Interfacing Options -> SPI -> Yes  to enable the SPI interface

RPI open spi.png
Reboot Raspberry Pi:

sudo reboot

Make sure that the SPI is not occupied by other devices, you can check in the middle of the /boot/config .txt.

  • Check /boot/config.txt, and you can see 'dtparam=spi=on' was written in.

Raspberry Pi Guides for 4.37 e-Paper.jpg

  • To make sure SPI is not occupied, it is recommended to close other drivers' coverage. You can use ls /dev/spi* to check whether SPI is occupied. If the terminal outputs /dev/spidev0.1 and /dev/spidev0.1, SPI is not occupied.

Raspberry Pi Guides for 4.37 e-Paper02.jpg

Libraries Installation

  • Install BCM2835 libraries
wget http://www.airspayce.com/mikem/bcm2835/bcm2835-1.60.tar.gz
tar zxvf bcm2835-1.60.tar.gz 
cd bcm2835-1.60/
sudo ./configure
sudo make
sudo make check
sudo make install
#For more details, please refer to http://www.airspayce.com/mikem/bcm2835/
  • Install wiringPi libraries
sudo apt-get install wiringpi

#For Pi 4, you need to update it:
cd /tmp
wget https://project-downloads.drogon.net/wiringpi-latest.deb
sudo dpkg -i wiringpi-latest.deb
gpio -v
#You will get 2.52 information if you install it correctly
  • Install Python libraries
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install python-pip
sudo apt-get install python-pil
sudo apt-get install python-numpy
sudo pip install RPi.GPIO
sudo pip install spidev
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install python3-pip
sudo apt-get install python3-pil
sudo apt-get install python3-numpy
sudo pip3 install RPi.GPIO
sudo pip3 install spidev

Note: if you install on Raspian Lite, the git package is not istalled by default.

  • Install git
sudo apt-get install git -y

Download examples

Open terminal and execute command to download demo codes

sudo git clone https://github.com/waveshare/e-Paper
cd e-Paper/RaspberryPi\&JetsonNano/

Running examples

  • C codes

Find the main.c file, uncomment the definition of e-Paper types, then compile and run the codes.

cd c
make clean
sudo ./epd
  • python

Run examples, xxx is the name of the e-Paper. For example, if you want to run codes of 1.54inch e-Paper Module, you xxx should be epd_1in54

cd python/examples
# python2
sudo python xxx.py
# python3
sudo python3 xxx.py

Jetson Nano Developer Kit

The example for Jetson Nano use software SPI, speed of sfotware SPI is a little slow

Hardware connection

Jetson Nano's 40PIN GPIO is compatible with Raspberry PI, and API of Jetson.GPIo is same as RPi.GPIO, therefore, the pin numbers of Jetson nano are same as Raspberry Pi's

Connect to Jetson Nano
e-Paper Jetson Nano Developer Kit
BCM2835 Board
VCC 3.3V 3.3V
DIN 10(SPI0_MOSI) 19
CLK 11(SPI0_SCK 23
CS 8(SPI0_CS0) 24
DC 25 22
RST 17 11
BUSY 24 18

Software setting

  • Open terminal, and install GPIO libraries :
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install python3-pip
sudo pip3 install Jetson.GPIO
sudo groupadd -f -r gpio
sudo usermod -a -G gpio your_user_name
sudo cp /opt/nvidia/jetson-gpio/etc/99-gpio.rules /etc/udev/rules.d/
sudo udevadm control --reload-rules && sudo udevadm trigger

Note: your_user_name is the user name of your Jetson, for example:waveshare

  • Install I2C libraries
sudo apt-get install python-smbus
  • Install PIL libraries
sudo apt-get install python3-pil
sudo apt-get install python3-numpy

Download examples

Open terminal and execute commands:

sudo git clone https://github.com/waveshare/e-Paper
cd e-Paper/RaspberryPi\&JetsonNano/

Running examples

  • C codes

Find main.c file, Open it and uncommend the e-Paper which you use, compile and run it

cd c
make clear
sudo ./epd
  • python

Run examples, xxx is the name of e-Paper. For example, if you want to run examples of 1.54inch e-Paper Module, xxx should be epd_1in54

cd python/examples
# python2
sudo python xxx.py
# python3
sudo python3 xxx.py


Hardware connection

The examples we provide are based on Wavshare Open103Z, the connecting method provide is based on STM32F13ZET6 as well. For other board, please port it by yourself.

Connect to STM32F103ZET6
e-Paper STM32F103ZET6
Vcc 3.3V

Running examples

Enter the directly of STM32 examples, open project by Keil5 software. Set Board and programmer, then compile and download it to board