Template:Compute Module 4 PoE 4G Board manual

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Writing Image

USB2.0

The USB interfaces are default disabled in CM4, you need to enable it by adding the following lines:the config.txt

dtoverlay=dwc2,dr_mode=host

USB TO UART

The USB to UART port is connected to GPIO14(BCM) and GPIO15(BCM) pins of CM4 with a converter.
You can connect the USB to the UART port for login CM4 via serial.
The USB to UART port can also be used for power, in this case, you need to solder a 0ohm resistor to the pad for enabling the powering function.
Compute Module 4 PoE 4G Board 6.png

Buzzer/LED

Buzzer

The buzzer is connected to GPIO22(BCM), low active.

Compute Module 4 PoE 4G Board 4.png

LED

Two LEDs are integrated for users, the green one is connected to GPIO20(BCM)and the red one is connected to GPIO21(BCM), low active.

Compute Module 4 PoE 4G Board 5.png

4G/5G

To work with 4G/5G, you need to connect a wireless module to the M.2 B KEY for featuring corresponding functions. M.2 B KEY only extends USB2.0 interfaces, it doesn't support PCIe devices.
Compute Module 4 PoE 4G Board 3.png
SIM card is required to work with the 4G/5G module
This carrier board supports the 4G module by default, if you use it with 5G modules, some of the 5G functions are not supported.
If you use a 5G module, please check the [SIM8200EA-M2_5G HAT wiki] about how to set up 5G.

If you need to toggle the working status of the 4G module, you can control the GPIO6(BCM), set the GPIO6 to High for disabling the 4G module and set it to Low for enabling.
To toggle the working status of the 4G module, please add delay time for waiting for the operation to work.
If you use the 5G module, the GPIOs cannot work for it.

SIM7600 M.2 module

Status of M.2 indicators:

M.2_NET M.2_STA
Red LED Green LED Status
Solid OFF Power OFF
Solid OFF Starting
Solid Solid SIM card is an invalid or weak signal
Solid Blink Working
OFF Blink/Solid Shutdowning

Before you configure the SIM7600 module, please make sure that the module is started normally.

sudo apt-get install minicom
sudo minicom -D /dev/ttyUSB2

Type the following command on the minicom

AT+CUSBPIDSWITCH=9011,1,1

Close the minicom and configure usb0

sudo dhclient -v usb0

About RNIDS networking, please refer to [Raspberry Pi networked via RNDIS RNIDS Networking method]
With the operations above, a USB0 port will be recognized.
If the network cannot work, please try to switch frequency with the following AT commands:

 AT+CNBP=0x0002000000400183,0x000001E000000000,0x0000000000000021
 AT+CNBP=0x0002000000400180,0x480000000000000000000000000000000000000000000042000001E200000095,0x0000000000000021

AT Commands

If the network cannot work, plaese check module with AT commands

sudo apt-get install minicom
sudo minicom -D /dev/ttyUSB2

Common AT commands

Command Description Return
AT AT test OK
ATE ATE1 enable echo
ATE0 disable echo
OK
AT+CGMI Check manfacture OK
AT+CGMM Check module type OK
AT+CGSN Check SN OK
AT+CSUB Check module version OK
AT+CGMR Check firmware version OK
AT+IPREX Configure hardwara baud rate +IPREX:
OK
AT+CRESET Reset module OK
AT+CSQ Check signal quanlity +CSQ: 17,99
OK
AT+CPIN? Check SIM status +CPIN: READY
AT+COPS? CHeck the current supplier +COPS:
OK
AT+CREG? Check network status +CREG:
OK
AT+CPSI? Check UE information
AT+CNMP Configure network mode:
2:Automatic
13:GSM only
38:LTE only
48 : Any modes but LTE
... ....
OK

For more AT commands, please refer to: AT_Command_V2.00
You can also refer to:SIMCom

PCIE

The PCIe interface is PCIe 2.0 X1, the maximum speed is 500Mb/s
Most of the PCIEx1 device is not supported by Raspberry Pi without a driver.
Please check your PCIe device before you used Supported device testing
Raspberry Kernel compiling

Isolation GPIO/I2C

Isolation output pins are GPIO17 (BCM) and GPIO27(BCM)
Isolation input pins GPIO23 (BCM) and GPIO24(BCM)
Compute Module 4 PoE 4G Board 8.png

Configure the logic voltage of Isolation IO
Compute Module 4 PoE 4G Board 10.pngCompute Module 4 PoE 4G Board 9.png

Isolation I2C pins are GPIO2/3(BCM),I2C bus is I2C1,
Compute Module 4 PoE 4G Board 7.png


【Expected result】

The two OUT pins troggle in order
Read the values of two IN pins

【python example】

cd IO/python
sudo python main.py

【C example】

cd IO/c
make clean
sudo make
sudo ./main



Isolation ADC

The isolation ADC is mounted in isolation I2C with 0x48 address
I2C is default disabled, please refer to #Enable I2C to enable the I2C interface.

C

 cd ADC/c/
 sudo ./main 

python

 cd ADC/python/
 sudo python examples/main.py
  • Run the commands above to run the example

Expected result

Output voltage vlaue

Note: the ADC chip used is ADS1113, its reference voltage is 2.048V, the range of differential input.



CAN

The CAN is diabled by default, you need to modify the config.txt file for enabling it.

 #Open and edit config.txt
 sudo nano /boot/config.txt
 #Add the following line to the file and save
 dtparam=spi=on
 dtoverlay=mcp2515-can0,oscillator=16000000,interrupt=25
 #reboot Raspberry Pi
 reboot 

After rebooting, run the following command:

 dmesg | grep spi0

600px Run the following command:

sudo ip link set can0 up type can bitrate 1000000
sudo ifconfig can0 txqueuelen 65536
ifconfig

600px If the device can0 is recognized, it means that the driver was installed successfully

Testing

Install can-utils:

 sudo apt-get install can-utils

Receive data

 candump can0

Send data

 cansend can0 000#11.22.33.44
 #11.22.33.44 is data sent
 #If you need to transmit more dta, you can also extend the data just like this:
 # cansend can0 000#11.22.33.04.70

Examples

【Python examples】

  • Go into the directorty of python example:
  • Open a terminal as receiver and run the receive.py:
sudo python reveive.py
  • Open another terminal as sender and run the send.py:
sudo python send.py

The examples provided is absed on python, please make sure that you have installed the python-can library.
Create a CAN device before you send data.:

os.system('sudo ip link set can0 type can bitrate 100000')
os.system('sudo ifconfig can0 up')
  • Step 1: Connect to the CAN bus
can0 = can.interface.Bus(channel = 'can0', bustyp = 'socketcan_ctypes')
  • Step 2: Create information
msg = can.Message(arbitration_id=0x123, data=[0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7], extended_id=False)
  • Step 3: Send message

can0.send(msg) </pre>

  • Close the CAN device finally
os.system('sudo ifconfig can0 down')
  • Receive data:
msg = can0.recv(10.0)

recv() defines the timeout
for more details, please refer to https://python-can.readthedocs.io/en/stable/interfaces/socketcan.html

【C examples】

  • Blocking receive, open the terminal of Raspberry Pi and run the following commands:
cd CAN/c/receive/
make clean
sudo make
sudo ./can_receive
  • Send data, open a terminal of Raspberry Pi and run the following commands:
cd CAN/c/receive/
make clean
sudo make
sudo ./can_send



RS485/232

The interface is closed by default, you can modify the config.txt to enable it.

sudo nano /boot/config.txt

Add the following lines to the config.txt file:

 dtoverlay=uart3
 dtoverlay=uart5

Reboot the Raspbery Pi and check if the ports are recognized.

 reboot 
 ls /dev/ttyAMA*

RS232 interfaces use the GPIO5/GPIO4(BCM4/5), recognized as ttyAMA1
RS485 interfaces use the GPIO13/GPIO12(BCM13/12),recognzied as ttyAMA2

Test

Install minicom and test it with the minicom

 sudo apt-get install minicom
 # RS232
 sudo minicom -D /dev/ttyAMA1
 #RS485
 sudo minicom -D /dev/ttyAMA2

RTC FAN

  • Note:Please fiest connect the FAN and then the power, otherwise you may damage the controller of fan!
  • Note: Please make sure the operation voltage of the cooling fan is the same as the carrier board.

Note that if you want to use the RTC function, please first disable the DSI and CSI.
If you want to use them at the same time, please change the I2C to I2C1 (the right)
Compute Module 4 PoE 4G Board 11.png
You need to modify the codes and driver after changing.
The demo codes use I2C10 by default (the left)

Please refer to the wiki of CM4_RTC_FAN about how to control the cooling fan and the RTC [CM4 RTC FAN]<br\>

RTC

Open the terminal and modify the config.txt file

 sudo nano /boot/config.txt

Add the following lines to the file and modify the audio setting

 #Add the lines to the end of file
 dtparam=i2c_vc=on
 dtoverlay=i2c-rtc,pcf85063a,i2c_csi_dsi
 #remove the setting dtparam=audio=on by adding the # to the front of the line
 #dtparam=audio=on

Save and reboot the Raspberry Pi

 sudo reboot

Hwclock

Synchronize system clock -> hardware clock

 sudo hwclock -w

Synchronize hardware clock -> system clock

 sudo hwclock  -s

Note that you need to disable the network synchronization function, otherwise the time will be changed according to network time.

Set hardware clock:

 sudo hwclock --set --date="9/8/2021 16:45:05"

Check the hardware clock

 sudo hwclock -r

Check the version.

 sudo hwclock --verbose

Cooling fan

The cooling fan will turn for a while when starting, it is normal.<br\> There is a third-party project for configuring cooling fan for reference:https://github.com/neg2led/cm4io-fan<br\>

 mkdir -p ~/src
 cd ~/src
 git clone https://github.com/neg2led/cm4io-fan.git
 cd cm4io-fan
 sudo chmod 777 install.sh
 sudo  ./install.sh

The device tree overlay has a few options, here's the equivalent of a /boot/overlays/README info section:

 #############################
 Name:   cm4io-fan
 Info:   Raspberry Pi Compute Module 4 IO Board fan controller
 Load:   dtoverlay=cm4io-fan,<param>[=<val>]
 Params: minrpm             RPM target for the fan when the SoC is below 
                            mintemp (default 3500)
        maxrpm              RPM target for the fan when the SoC is above
                            maxtemp (default 5500)
        midtemp             Temperature (in millicelcius) at which the fan
                            begins to speed up (default 50000)
        midtemp_hyst        Temperature delta (in millicelcius) below mintemp
                            at which the fan will drop to minrpm (default 2000)
        maxtemp             Temperature (in millicelcius) at which the fan 
                            will be held at maxrpm (default 70000)
        maxtemp_hyst        Temperature delta (in millicelcius) below maxtemp
                            at which the fan begins to slow down (default 2000)
  #############################

For examples, speed up the fan if the temperature is higher than 45°C and set the it to maximum value if the temperate is higher than 50°C:

 dtoverlay=cm4io-fan,minrpm=500,maxrpm=5000,midtemp=45000,midtemp_hyst=2000,maxtemp=50000,maxtemp_hyst=2000

CSI DSI

CSI and DSI interfaces are closed by default, they will use the I2C-10, I2C-11 and I2C-0.
Open a terminal and run the following commands:

 sudo apt-get install p7zip-full
 wget https://www.waveshare.com/w/upload/4/41/CM4_dt_blob.7z
 7z x CM4_dt_blob.7z -O./CM4_dt_blob
 sudo chmod 777 -R CM4_dt_blob
 cd CM4_dt_blob/

Run the two camera and the DIS0

 sudo  dtc -I dts -O dtb -o /boot/dt-blob.bin dt-blob-disp0-double_cam.dts

Run the two camera and the DSI1

 sudo  dtc -I dts -O dtb -o /boot/dt-blob.bin dt-blob-disp1-double_cam.dts

Notices:

  1. The HDMI1 cannot work if you have compiled the file for DSI
  2. To enable the HDMI1 again, please remove the dt-blob.bin file: sudo rm -rf /boot/dt-blob.bin
  3. After running, restart the CM4

Connect the Camera and DSI display:
1: Please first turn off the power before connecting
2: Use CM-DSI-ADAPTER to connect the Compute Module 4 PoE Board and DSI display.
3: Use CSI cable to connect the Compute Module 4 PoE Board and CSI camera.
3: Connect the power
4: The display will start after a few seconds.
5: If the display cannot work, please check if the file /boot/dt-blob.bin has been added to the directory and restart
6: To use the camera, you should enable the camera by raspi-config, choose Interfacing Options->Camera->Yes->Finish-Yes and then reboot.

Testing

Test the first camera:

 sudo raspivid -t 0 -cs 0

Test the second camera:

 sudo raspivid -t 0 -cs 1