RP2040-Zero, A Low-Cost, High-Performance Pico-Like MCU Board Based On Raspberry Pi Microcontroller RP2040.
- RP2040 microcontroller chip designed by Raspberry Pi in the United Kingdom.
- Dual-core Arm Cortex M0+ processor, flexible clock running up to 133 MHz.
- 264KB of SRAM, and 2MB of on-board Flash memory.
- USB-C connector, keeps it up to date, easier to use.
- The castellated module allows soldering direct to carrier boards.
- USB 1.1 with device and host support.
- Low-power sleep and dormant modes.
- Drag-and-drop programming using mass storage over USB.
- 29 × multi-function GPIO pins (20× via edge pinout, others via solder points).
- 2 × SPI, 2 × I2C, 2 × UART, 4 × 12-bit ADC, 16 × controllable PWM channels.
- Accurate clock and timer on-chip.
- Temperature sensor.
- Accelerated floating-point libraries on-chip.
- 8 × Programmable I/O (PIO) state machines for custom peripheral support.
RP2040-Zero uses the same RP2040 chip as the Raspberry Pi Pico, and it is compatible with the Raspberry Pi Pico, in this case, most of the accessories and codes can be used with the RP2040-LCD-0.96 as well.
Please follow the guides of Raspberry Pi to install and set up Pico for the Pico.
For easy use, we recommend you use the Thonny tool.
- Thonny website
- Please set the Thonny development environment to be RaspberryPi when setting.
- Configure the Micrpython environment and select the Pico port.
- First, connect the Raspberry Pi Pico to your computer, left click on the Configure environment option in the lower right corner of the Thonny --> Select Configure interpreter.
- In the pop-up window, select MicroPython (Raspberry Pi Pico), and select the corresponding port.
- Click OK and then back to Thonny, download the firmware library to the Pico. Then click Stop, and you can see the current environment in the Shell window.
- How to download the firmware library for Pico in Windows: Press and hold the BOOT key and connect to the computer, then release the BOOT key, a removable disk will appear on the computer, and copy the firmware library into it.
- How to download firmware library for RP2040 in Windows: After connecting to the computer, press the BOOT key and RESET key at the same time, release the RESET key, and then release the BOOT key, a removable disk will appear on the computer.
Copy the firmware library into it (you can also use the Pico method).
- Download Demo Codes to your Raspberry Pi and test.
External LED Example
Connect the boards as in the picture below. Connect the Pico to Raspberry Pi or PC. Open the Lesson-5 External LED example with Thonny. Run the example, and you will find that the red LED is flashing.
led_external = machine.Pin(15, machine.Pin.OUT) #Set GP15 to output Mode while True: led_external.toggle() #Toggle the LED every 5 seconds. utime.sleep(5)
Traffic Light System Examples
Connect the boards as in the picture below. Connect the Pico to Raspberry Pi or PC. Open the Lesson-9 Traffic-Light-System example by Thonny, run the codes and test the traffic light, the buzzer sounds when you press the button.
def button_reader_thread(): #Check if the button is pressed global button_pressed while True: if button.value() == 1: button_pressed = True _thread.start_new_thread(button_reader_thread, ()) #Start a new thread to monitor the stats of button while True: if button_pressed == True: #If the button is pressed, turn on the LED and let the buzzer work. led_red.value(1) for i in range(10): buzzer.value(1) utime.sleep(0.2) buzzer.value(0) utime.sleep(0.2) global button_pressed button_pressed = False led_red.value(1) utime.sleep(5) led_amber.value(1) utime.sleep(2) led_red.value(0) led_amber.value(0) led_green.value(1) utime.sleep(5) led_green.value(0) led_amber.value(1) utime.sleep(5) led_amber.value(0)
Burglar Alarm LED Buzzer Examples
Connect the boards as in the picture below. Connect the Pico to Raspberry Pi or PC. Open the Lesson-14 Burglar Alarm LED Buzzer examples by Thonny. The LED lights on if an object is moving around the Passive infrared sensor and the buzzer will indicate.
def pir_handler(pin): #Interrupt process function print("ALARM! Motion detected!") for i in range(50): led.toggle() buzzer.toggle() utime.sleep_ms(100) sensor_pir.irq(trigger=machine.Pin.IRQ_RISING, handler=pir_handler)#Enable the Interrupt, the interrupt function is called when motions is detected. while True: #Toggle LED every 5s led.toggle() utime.sleep(5)
Connect the boards as in the picture below. Connect the Pico to Raspberry Pi or PC. Open the Lesson-16 Potentiometer example by Thonny, you can adjust the potentiometer and check if the voltage printed to the Sheel window are changing as well.
potentiometer = machine.ADC(26) #Set the GP26 pin as analog input conversion_factor = 3.3 / (65535) while True: voltage = potentiometer.read_u16() * conversion_factor #Convert the sampled data to voltage value print(voltage) #Print the voltage data, it chanaged according to the sliding rheostat. utime.sleep(2)
Connect the boards as in the picture below. Connect the Pico to Raspberry Pi or PC. Open the WS2812_RGB_LED.py file of Lesson-25 WS2812 example by Thonny, the LEDs light in Blue, Red, Green, and White.
#This code uses the state machine mechanism. The following code is a decorator where we can initialize the hardware, set the pin level, etc. #label("bitloop") We can define some tags in our code so that we can jump to them. #jmp(not_x,"do_zero") If x=0, we jumpt to do_zero. #nop() .set(0) [T2 - 1] The code jumpt to here if x = 0. @asm_pio(sideset_init=PIO.OUT_LOW, out_shiftdir=PIO.SHIFT_LEFT, autopull=True, pull_thresh=24) def ws2812(): T1 = 2 T2 = 5 T3 = 1 label("bitloop") out(x, 1) .side(0) [T3 - 1] jmp(not_x, "do_zero") .side(1) [T1 - 1] jmp("bitloop") .side(1) [T2 - 1] label("do_zero") nop() .side(0) [T2 - 1]
# Create the StateMachine with the ws2812 program, outputting on Pin(22). sm = StateMachine(0, ws2812, freq=8000000, sideset_base=Pin(0)) #Create the stats machine # Start the StateMachine, it will wait for data on its FIFO. sm.active(1) #Start the stats machine # Display a pattern on the LEDs via an array of LED RGB values. ar = array.array("I", [0 for _ in range(NUM_LEDS)]) print(ar) print("blue") for j in range(0, 255): for i in range(NUM_LEDS): ar[i] = j sm.put(ar,8) #put() is put the data to output FIFO of the stats machine time.sleep_ms(5)
LCD1602 I2C Example
Connect the boards as in the picture below. Connect the Pico to Raspberry Pi or PC. Open the Lesson-21 LCD1602 I2C example by Thonny, you need to first save the RGB1602.py to Pico and then run the Choose_Color.py file. The LCD will change color every 5s. If you run the Discoloratio.py file, the LED displays RGB colors.
#Define colors rgb9 = (0,255,0) #green lcd.setCursor(0, 0) #Set the position of cursor # print the number of seconds since reset: lcd.printout("Waveshare") #Print the string lcd.setCursor(0, 1) #Move the cursor to second row. lcd.printout("Hello,World!")#Print the string lcd.setRGB(rgb1,rgb1,rgb1); #Set the back light
t=0 while True: r = int((abs(math.sin(3.14*t/180)))*255); #RGB changes as time goes g = int((abs(math.sin(3.14*(t+60)/180)))*255); b = int((abs(math.sin(3.14*(t+120)/180)))*255); t = t + 3; lcd.setRGB(r,g,b);#Set the RGB data again. # set the cursor to column 0, line 1 lcd.setCursor(0, 0) #Set the curson to the first row. # print the number of seconds since reset: lcd.printout("Waveshare")#Print the string lcd.setCursor(0, 1) #Set the cursor to second row lcd.printout("Hello,World!")#Print the string time.sleep(0.3)
Pico Quick Start
- MicroPython Firmware Download
- C_Blink Firmware Download
- Pico Tutorial I - Basic Introduction
- Pico Tutorial II - GPIO
- Pico Tutorial III - PWM
- Pico Tutorial IV - ADC
- Pico Tutorial V - UART
- Pico Tutorial VI - To be continued...
- 【MicroPython】 machine.Pin Function
- 【MicroPython】 machine.PWM Function
- 【MicroPython】 machine.ADC Function
- 【MicroPython】 machine.UART Function
- 【MicroPython】 machine.I2C Function
- 【MicroPython】 machine.SPI Function
- 【MicroPython】 rp2.StateMachine
Arduino IDE Series
Install Arduino IDE
Download the Arduino IDE installation package from Arduino website.
Just click on "JUST DOWNLOAD".
Click to install after downloading.
Note: You will be prompted to install the driver during the installation process, we can click Install.
Install Arduino-Pico Core on Arduino IDE
Open Arduino IDE, click the File on the left corner and choose "Preferences".
Add the following link in the additional development board manager URL, then click OK.
Click on Tools -> Dev Board -> Dev Board Manager -> Search for pico, it shows installed since my computer has already installed it.
Upload Demo At the First Time
Press and hold the BOOTSET button on the Pico board, connect the Pico to the USB port of the computer via the Micro USB cable, and release the button when the computer recognizes a removable hard drive (RPI-RP2).
- Download the demo, open arduino\PWM\D1-LED path under the D1-LED.ino.
Click Tools -> Port, remember the existing COM, do not need to click this COM (different computers show different COM, remember the existing COM on your computer).
Connect the driver board to the computer with a USB cable, then click Tools -> Ports, select uf2 Board for the first connection, and after the upload is complete, connecting again will result in an additional COM port.
Click Tool -> Dev Board -> Raspberry Pi Pico/RP2040 -> Raspberry Pi Pico.
After setting, click the right arrow to upload.
- If you encounter problems during the period, you need to reinstall or replace the Arduino IDE version, uninstall the Arduino IDE needs to be uninstalled cleanly, after uninstalling the software you need to manually delete all the contents of the folder C:\Users\[name]\AppData\Local\Arduino15 (you need to show the hidden files in order to see it) and then reinstall.
Pico-W Series Tutorial (To be continued...)
Open Source Demo
- MicroPython Demo (GitHub)
- MicroPython Firmware/Blink Demo (C)
- Official Raspberry Pi C/C++ Demo
- Official Raspberry Pi MicroPython Demo
- Arduino Official C/C++ Demo
Schematic & Datasheet
Raspberry Pi Open-source Demo
- Demo codes for Raspberry-Pi-Pico-Basic-Kit
- Demo codes for Raspberry Pi Pico Sensor Kit
- WS2812B Test Codes