Difference between revisions of "1.54inch e-Paper Module"

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(Resources)
Line 80: Line 80:
 
| BUSY || 24
 
| BUSY || 24
 
|}
 
|}
==== Compiling project ====
 
After installed the corresponding libraries, you can copy the relative programs into your Raspberry Pi, and then enter the corresponding file.
 
* '''BCM2835:''' Execute the command: <code>make</code>, to compile the code and generate a file <code>main</code>. Execute the command: <code>sudo ./main</code>, the program will run.
 
* '''WringPi:''' Execute the command: <code>make</code>, to compile the code and generate a file <code>main</code>. Execute the command: <code>sudo ./main</code>, the program will run.
 
* '''Python:''' Execute the command: <code>sudo python main.py</code>
 
 
==== Expected result ====
 
==== Expected result ====
# Refresh the whole screen
+
1. After installed the corresponding libraries, you can copy the relative programs into your Raspberry Pi, and then enter the corresponding file.
# Refresh part of the screen
+
* '''BCM2835:''' Execute the command: <code>make</code>, to compile the code and generate a file <code>epd</code>. Execute the command: <code>sudo ./epd</code>, the program will run.
# Display the Logo of Waveshare
+
* '''WringPi:''' Execute the command: <code>make</code>, to compile the code and generate a file <code>epd</code>. Execute the command: <code>sudo ./epd</code>, the program will run.
# Draw cycles and lines, display two different sizes of characters
+
* '''Python:''' Execute the command: <code>sudo python main.py</code>
# Display progress bar and time. This function can demonstrate the partial refreshing capability.
+
2. Refreshes the whole screen and then displays strings and shapes.
 +
3. Refreshes the partial screen and then displays images and the time. This function demonstrates the partial refreshing capability.
 
=== Working with Arduino ===
 
=== Working with Arduino ===
 
==== Hardware connection ====
 
==== Hardware connection ====
Line 114: Line 110:
 
|}
 
|}
 
==== Expected result ====
 
==== Expected result ====
Since the development board UNO PLUS only has 2Kb storage space for global variables, the image display example is not provided in the Demos. When working with UNO PLUS, the method for calling the image display program is the same as the one when working with other main board. Because of the inadequate storage space for global variables, there is no Demo about image display here.
+
1. Copy the files from the directory arduino/libraries of the demo package to documents/arduino/libraries, where can be specified by Arduino IDE --> File --> Preferences --> Sketchbook location.
# Drawing: cycle and line only;
+
2. Click the button '''Upload''' to compile and upload the program to your Arduino board.
# String: display characters;
+
3. Refreshes the whole screen and then displays strings and shapes.
[[File:1.54inch-e-paper-manual-2.png|400px]]
+
4. Refreshes the partial screen and then displays images and the time. This function demonstrates the partial refreshing capability.
 
=== Working with the STM32 development board ===
 
=== Working with the STM32 development board ===
 
Here we use the development board XNUCLEO-F103RB. The Demo is base on the library HAL.
 
Here we use the development board XNUCLEO-F103RB. The Demo is base on the library HAL.
Line 143: Line 139:
 
|}
 
|}
 
==== Expected result ====
 
==== Expected result ====
# Refresh the whole screen
+
1. Open the Keil project (MDK-ARM/epd-demo.uvprojx)
# Refresh part of the screen
+
2. Click '''Build''' to compile the project.
# Display the Logo of Waveshare
+
3. Click '''Download''' to download the program to the target board.
# Draw cycles and lines, display two different sizes of characters
+
4. Refreshes the whole screen and then displays strings and shapes.
# Display progress bar. This function can demonstrate the partial refreshing capability.
+
5. Refreshes the partial screen and then displays images and the time. This function demonstrates the partial refreshing capability.
 
+
 
== Code analysis ==
 
== Code analysis ==
We will analyze the driving code by taking the Demos of the Raspberry Pi library BCM2835 as examples. The Demos support three different screens, including 1.54 inch, 2.13 inch and 2.9 inch. If you want to port the demo to a new hardware or modify it, please find out the one of the module you need and modify the corresponding macro.  
+
Here, we will analyze the driving code (epd2in7b.h, epd2in7b.c or epd2in7b.cpp). Taking the demo of Raspberry Pi based on WiringPi library as examples.  
 +
=== Hardware interface function ===
 +
The functions of drive code like DigitalWrite, DigitalRead, SendCommand, SenData and DelayMs call the interface functions which are provided by hardware device (epdif.h, epdif.c, epdif.cpp) to respectively implements the functions that Control IO Level, Read IO Level, Send SPI Command, Send SPI Data and Delay For Millisecond. If you want to port the demo code, you need to implement all the interfaces of epdif (e-paper display interface) according to the corresponding hardware device.
  
1) Initialization:
+
Note that Raspberry Pi uses hardware chip select while transmitting SPI data. So we needn’t set the CS pin to LOW before transmitting data, and the code will set it automatically while transmitting. However, for Arduino and STM32, etc. you need to explicitly set the CS pin to LOW with codes to start the SPI transmission of module.
Reset the screen directly:
+
=== Send Commands and Data (SendCommand and SendData) ===
<pre>
+
SendCommand and SendData are used to send commands and data to module respectively. What the difference between them is that, D/C pin is set to LOW for sending commands and HIGH for sending data. If the D/C pin is LOW, the data transmitted from SPI interface to module will be recognized as commands and executed. If the D/C pin is HIGH, the data will be recognized as normal data. Generally, normal data will follow the command, works as parameter or image data.
EPD_RST_0; // Module reset
+
=== Reset (Reset) ===
driver_delay_xms(100);
+
Module will reset if RST pin is LOW. It is used to restart the module after power on or wake it up from sleep mode. After restarting, you need to initialize module with initialization function (Init) for working properly.
EPD_RST_1;
+
=== Initialization (Init) ===
driver_delay_xms(100);
+
Init has 3 effects: 1, Set the arguments at power up. 2, Awaken the module from deep sleep. 3, Set the mode to Full update or Partial update.
</pre>
+
Then, send out the initialization screen data stored at the register:
+
<pre>
+
EPD_Write(GDOControl, sizeof(GDOControl)); //GDO control
+
EPD_Write(softstart, sizeof(softstart));  //soft start
+
EPD_Write(VCOMVol, sizeof(VCOMVol));  //VCOM voltage
+
EPD_Write(DummyLine, sizeof(DummyLine));..//dummy line
+
EPD_Write(Gatetime, sizeof(Gatetime));  //gate time
+
EPD_Write(RamDataEntryMode, sizeof(RamDataEntryMode));  //set RAM
+
EPD_SetRamArea(0x00,(xDot-1)/8,(yDot-1)%256,(yDot-1)/256,0x00,0x00);  //set RAM area
+
EPD_SetRamPointer(0x00,(yDot-1)%256,(yDot-1)/256);  //set RAM pointer
+
</pre>
+
In another word, set the comparison voltage and the size of the whole screen.
+
  
2) Set LUT register:
+
Process of initialization: reset --> driver output control --> booster soft start control --> write VCOM register --> set dummy line period --> set gate time --> data entry mode setting --> look-up table setting
The E-paper screen has two refresh modes, full screen refresh and partial screen refresh.
+
=== Configuration of LUT table(SetLut) ===
 +
Look-up table is used to set the update mode of the module. This table is provided by us but it may be different among different batches. If the table changed, we will update the demo code as soon as possible.
 +
=== Set the frame memory (SetFrameMemory) ===
 +
SetFrameMemory is used to write image data to the memory.
 +
* Process:  
 +
:: Set the area size (see the function SetMemoryArea) --> set the start point (see the function SetMemoryPointer) --> send the command ''Write RAM'' --> start image data transfer.
 +
* The module has two memory areas. Once DisplayFrame is invoked, the following function SetFrameMemory will set the other memory area, e.g. to set all the two memory areas, the process is: SetFrameMemory --> DisplayFrame --> SetFrameMemory --> DisplayFrame, i.e. set and update twice.
 +
* The data from SPI interface is first saved into the memory and then updated if the module received the update command.
 +
* About the image to be sent: 1 byte = 8 pixels, doesn’t support Gray scale (Can only display black and white). A bit set stands for a white pixel, otherwise a bit reset stands for a black pixel.
 +
For example:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
EPD_WirteLUT((unsigned char *)LUTDefault_full,sizeof(LUTDefault_full));
+
0xC3:8 pixels □□■■■■□□
 +
0x00:8 pixels ■■■■■■■■
 +
0xFF:8 pixels □□□□□□□□
 +
0x66:8 pixels ■□□■■□□■
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
The difference is that the parameters LUTDefault for two modes are two different values;
+
=== Display a Frame (DisplayFrame) ===
 +
DisplayFrame is used to display the data from the frame memory.
  
After setting the basic register, you can go to the next part, display data transmission.
+
Note:
Clear the whole screen:  
+
* The module has two memory areas. Once DisplayFrame is invoked, the following function SetFrameMemory will set the other memory area, e.g. to set all the two memory areas, the process is: SetFrameMemory --> DisplayFrame --> SetFrameMemory --> DisplayFrame, i.e. set and update twice.
<pre>
+
* The data from SPI interface is first saved into the memory and then updated if the module received the update command.
EPD_WriteDispRamMono(xDot, yDot, 0xff);
+
* The module will flicker during full update.
</pre>
+
* The module won't flicker during partial update, however, it may retain a "ghost image" of the last page.
Global display data:
+
=== Sleep mode (Sleep) ===
<pre>
+
Sleep can make the module go into sleep mode to reduce the consumption.
EPD_WriteDispRam(xDot, yDot, (unsigned char *)DisBuffer);
+
</pre>
+
For partial screen display, there are many commands should be used.
+
<pre>
+
part_display(xStart/8,xEnd/8,yEnd%256,yEnd/256,yStart%256,yStart/256);// set the address start/end bit of RAM X and Y, and the address counter of RAM X and Y.
+
EPD_WriteDispRamMono(xEnd-xStart, yEnd-yStart+1, DisBuffer); //the data on display buffers are written into a same display area.
+
EPD_Update_Part(); //Display update
+
driver_delay_xms(500); part_display(xStart/8,xEnd/8,yEnd%256,yEnd/256,yStart%256,yStart/256);
+
EPD_WriteDispRamMono(xEnd-xStart, yEnd-yStart+1, DisBuffer);
+
</pre>
+
<!-- For partial refresh, it need a 0.5s delay before writing the same data into the display area. -->
+
  
== About code porting and compatibility ==
+
If you want to wake up the module from sleep mode, you need to give a LOW pulse to RST pin. Then maybe you need to reconfigure the parameter of power (According to the batches, some of them need to reconfigure, some needn’t). So if you want to wake up module, you had better use the Init function instead of Reset. Reset function and relative commands will be executed while executing the Init function.
The provided Demo can be compatible to three kinds of screen. The main difference among them is that the display area size to be initialized, the time for stable display after partial refresh, and the value written into LUT register are all different.
+
=== Private function: Set the memory area (SetMemoryArea) ===
 +
SetMemoryArea is used to specify the memory area, the arguments are the start/end points. Because 1 byte = 8 pixels of the image data to be sent, the x coordinates must be the multiple of 8, or else the last 3 bits will be ignored.
 +
=== Private function: Set the memory pointer (SetMemoryPointer) ===
 +
SetMemoryPointer is used to set the start point of the following image to be sent. Because 1 byte = 8 pixels of the image data to be sent, the x coordinates must be the multiple of 8, or else the last 3 bits will be ignored.
 +
=== How to display an image ===
 +
There are two ways to display pictures. One is display directly and other is indirectly.
  
You can select the initialization setting you want by defining corresponding macro.
+
Display directly: Read the data of pictures with library functions, and decode. Then convert it to arrays and send to module. About how to implement it, you can refer to the python examples of Raspberry Pi. (The C demo doesn’t display pictures directly)
  
The macros EPD2X9, EPD02X13 and EPD1X54 are corresponding to 2.9 inch screen, 2.13 inch screen and 1.54 inch screen, respectively. By setting the corresponding macro to 1 or 0, you can select the initialization setting you need.
+
Display indirectly: Converting pictures to relative arrays on PC and save as c file. Then you can use the c file on your project. This chapter we will talk about how to convert a picture to array.
For example
+
<pre>
+
#define EPD2X9 0
+
#define EPD02X13 0
+
#define EPD1X54 1
+
</pre>
+
Select the initialization configuration of 1.54 inch screen, and save the modification. Then compile and run the program, it will display corresponding configuration and proper size of Logo on the screen.
+
* Notes: Both EPD_drive.c and Display_Lib.h should be set. The former is a driver, and the later is a display library.
+
== Image making ==
+
This module only supports the images with the gray level of two (Black and white). For the image with many gray levels, it cannot display all the colors.
+
  
1) Find an image with the gray level of two, and you can make one with a drawing tool on your PC.  
+
# Open a picture with drawing tool comes with Windows system, create a new image, and set the pixel to 200x200.
 
+
# Because this module can only display two gray level (Only black and white), we need to convert picture to monochrome bitmap before converting it to array. That is, File --> BMP picture --> Monochrome Bitmap.
2) Modify the image resolution with the drawing tool in your system.
+
#: There are two monochrome bitmap on examples pack, which are used for demonstration (raspberrypi/python/black.bmp and raspberrypi/python/red.bmp).
 
+
# Use Image2Lcd.exe software to generate corresponding array for picture (.c file). Open picture with this software, set the parameters:
Besides the drawing tool in your system, other graphing tools, such as Photoshop, can be used to modify the image resolution.
+
#* Output data type: C language array
 +
#* Scanning mode: vertical scanning
 +
#* Output gray: single color (gray level of two)
 +
#* Maximum width and height: 200 and 200
 +
#* Include the data of Image Header: Don’t check
 +
#* Inverse color: Check (Check: the white on image will be converted to 1, and black is converted to 0)
 +
# Click '''Save''', to generate .c file. Copy the corresponding array into your project, and you can display picture by calling this array.
  
 
[[File:1.54inch-e-paper-manual-3.png|400px]]
 
[[File:1.54inch-e-paper-manual-3.png|400px]]
 
3) Use the software Image2Lcd.exe to generate an array for the image (a file with .c extension), as the figure shows below:
 
  
 
[[File:1.54inch-e-paper-manual-4.png|400px]]
 
[[File:1.54inch-e-paper-manual-4.png|400px]]
 
Open the image in this software, and set the parameters:
 
* Output data type: C language array
 
* Scanning mode: vertical scanning
 
* Output gray: single color (gray level of two)
 
* Maximum width and height: the size of pixel
 
* Inverse color: check
 
Save the modification, you will get an array for the image in a file with .c extension. Copy the corresponding values into your project, then, you can display the image by calling this array.
 
 
 
== Resources ==
 
== Resources ==
 
=== Documentation ===
 
=== Documentation ===

Revision as of 03:01, 18 September 2017

1.54inch e-Paper Module
200x200, 1.54inch E-Ink display module
1.54inch-e-paper-module-6.jpg

200x200, 1.54inch E-Ink display module, SPI interface
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Primary Attribute
Category: OLEDs / LCDs, LCD
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Brand: Waveshare
Website
English: Waveshare website
Chinese: 官方中文站点
Onboard Interfaces
SPI
Related Products

Introduction

200x200, 1.54inch E-Ink display module, SPI interface

More

Interfaces

VCC 3.3V
GND GND
DIN SPI MOSI
CLK SPI SCK
CS SPI chip select (Low active)
DC Data/Command control pin (High for data, and low for command)
RST External reset pin (Low for reset)
BUSY Busy state output pin (Low for busy)

Working principle

Introduction

This product is an E-paper device adopting the image display technology of Microencapsulated Electrophoretic Display, MED. The initial approach is to create tiny spheres, in which the charged color pigments are suspending in the transparent oil and would move depending on the electronic charge. The E-paper screen display patterns by reflecting the ambient light, so it has no background light requirement. Under sunshine, the E-paper screen still has high visibility with a wide viewing angle of 180 degree. It is the ideal choice for E-reading.

Communication protocol

SPI timing

Note: Different from the traditional SPI protocol, the data line from the slave to the master is hidden since the device only has display requirement.

  • CS is slave chip select, when CS is low, the chip is enabled.
  • DC is data/command control pin, when DC = 0, write command, when DC = 1, write data.
  • SCLK is the SPI communication clock.
  • SDIN is the data line from the master to the slave in SPI communication.

SPI communication has data transfer timing, which is combined by CPHA and CPOL.

  1. CPOL determines the level of the serial synchronous clock at idle state. When CPOL = 0, the level is Low. However, CPOL has little effect to the transmission.
  2. CPHA determines whether data is collected at the first clock edge or at the second clock edge of serial synchronous clock; when CPHL = 0, data is collected at the first clock edge.
  • There are 4 SPI communication modes. SPI0 is commonly used, in which CPHL = 0, CPOL = 0.

As you can see from the figure above, data transmission starts at the first falling edge of SCLK, and 8 bits of data are transferred in one clock cycle. In here, SPI0 is in used, and data is transferred by bits, MSB first.

How to use

Working with Raspberry Pi

Installing libraries required

If you want to connect your E-paper screen to Raspberry Pi, you should install some necessary libraries, or else the Demo (click to download) below may work improperly. For more information about how to install the Raspberry Pi libraries, please visit the website: Libraries Installation for RPi.

You can find the detailed presentation about the installations of libraries wiringPi, bcm2835 and python.

Hardware connection

Here is the connection between Raspberry Pi 3B and E-paper.

e-Paper Raspberry Pi 3B
3.3V 3.3V
GND GND
DIN MOSI
CLK SCLK
CS CE0
DC 25
RST 17
BUSY 24

Expected result

1. After installed the corresponding libraries, you can copy the relative programs into your Raspberry Pi, and then enter the corresponding file.

  • BCM2835: Execute the command: make, to compile the code and generate a file epd. Execute the command: sudo ./epd, the program will run.
  • WringPi: Execute the command: make, to compile the code and generate a file epd. Execute the command: sudo ./epd, the program will run.
  • Python: Execute the command: sudo python main.py

2. Refreshes the whole screen and then displays strings and shapes. 3. Refreshes the partial screen and then displays images and the time. This function demonstrates the partial refreshing capability.

Working with Arduino

Hardware connection

e-Paper Arduino
3.3V 3V3
GND GND
DIN D11
CLK D13
CS D10
DC D9
RST D8
BUSY D7

Expected result

1. Copy the files from the directory arduino/libraries of the demo package to documents/arduino/libraries, where can be specified by Arduino IDE --> File --> Preferences --> Sketchbook location. 2. Click the button Upload to compile and upload the program to your Arduino board. 3. Refreshes the whole screen and then displays strings and shapes. 4. Refreshes the partial screen and then displays images and the time. This function demonstrates the partial refreshing capability.

Working with the STM32 development board

Here we use the development board XNUCLEO-F103RB. The Demo is base on the library HAL.

Hardware connection

Here is the hardware connection between the development board XNUCLEO-F103RB and E-paper:

e-Paper XNUCLEO-F103RB
3.3V 3V3
GND GND
DIN PA7
CLK PA5
CS PB6
DC PC7
RST PA9
BUSY PA8

Expected result

1. Open the Keil project (MDK-ARM/epd-demo.uvprojx) 2. Click Build to compile the project. 3. Click Download to download the program to the target board. 4. Refreshes the whole screen and then displays strings and shapes. 5. Refreshes the partial screen and then displays images and the time. This function demonstrates the partial refreshing capability.

Code analysis

Here, we will analyze the driving code (epd2in7b.h, epd2in7b.c or epd2in7b.cpp). Taking the demo of Raspberry Pi based on WiringPi library as examples.

Hardware interface function

The functions of drive code like DigitalWrite, DigitalRead, SendCommand, SenData and DelayMs call the interface functions which are provided by hardware device (epdif.h, epdif.c, epdif.cpp) to respectively implements the functions that Control IO Level, Read IO Level, Send SPI Command, Send SPI Data and Delay For Millisecond. If you want to port the demo code, you need to implement all the interfaces of epdif (e-paper display interface) according to the corresponding hardware device.

Note that Raspberry Pi uses hardware chip select while transmitting SPI data. So we needn’t set the CS pin to LOW before transmitting data, and the code will set it automatically while transmitting. However, for Arduino and STM32, etc. you need to explicitly set the CS pin to LOW with codes to start the SPI transmission of module.

Send Commands and Data (SendCommand and SendData)

SendCommand and SendData are used to send commands and data to module respectively. What the difference between them is that, D/C pin is set to LOW for sending commands and HIGH for sending data. If the D/C pin is LOW, the data transmitted from SPI interface to module will be recognized as commands and executed. If the D/C pin is HIGH, the data will be recognized as normal data. Generally, normal data will follow the command, works as parameter or image data.

Reset (Reset)

Module will reset if RST pin is LOW. It is used to restart the module after power on or wake it up from sleep mode. After restarting, you need to initialize module with initialization function (Init) for working properly.

Initialization (Init)

Init has 3 effects: 1, Set the arguments at power up. 2, Awaken the module from deep sleep. 3, Set the mode to Full update or Partial update.

Process of initialization: reset --> driver output control --> booster soft start control --> write VCOM register --> set dummy line period --> set gate time --> data entry mode setting --> look-up table setting

Configuration of LUT table(SetLut)

Look-up table is used to set the update mode of the module. This table is provided by us but it may be different among different batches. If the table changed, we will update the demo code as soon as possible.

Set the frame memory (SetFrameMemory)

SetFrameMemory is used to write image data to the memory.

  • Process:
Set the area size (see the function SetMemoryArea) --> set the start point (see the function SetMemoryPointer) --> send the command Write RAM --> start image data transfer.
  • The module has two memory areas. Once DisplayFrame is invoked, the following function SetFrameMemory will set the other memory area, e.g. to set all the two memory areas, the process is: SetFrameMemory --> DisplayFrame --> SetFrameMemory --> DisplayFrame, i.e. set and update twice.
  • The data from SPI interface is first saved into the memory and then updated if the module received the update command.
  • About the image to be sent: 1 byte = 8 pixels, doesn’t support Gray scale (Can only display black and white). A bit set stands for a white pixel, otherwise a bit reset stands for a black pixel.

For example:

0xC3:8 pixels □□■■■■□□
0x00:8 pixels ■■■■■■■■
0xFF:8 pixels □□□□□□□□
0x66:8 pixels ■□□■■□□■

Display a Frame (DisplayFrame)

DisplayFrame is used to display the data from the frame memory.

Note:

  • The module has two memory areas. Once DisplayFrame is invoked, the following function SetFrameMemory will set the other memory area, e.g. to set all the two memory areas, the process is: SetFrameMemory --> DisplayFrame --> SetFrameMemory --> DisplayFrame, i.e. set and update twice.
  • The data from SPI interface is first saved into the memory and then updated if the module received the update command.
  • The module will flicker during full update.
  • The module won't flicker during partial update, however, it may retain a "ghost image" of the last page.

Sleep mode (Sleep)

Sleep can make the module go into sleep mode to reduce the consumption.

If you want to wake up the module from sleep mode, you need to give a LOW pulse to RST pin. Then maybe you need to reconfigure the parameter of power (According to the batches, some of them need to reconfigure, some needn’t). So if you want to wake up module, you had better use the Init function instead of Reset. Reset function and relative commands will be executed while executing the Init function.

Private function: Set the memory area (SetMemoryArea)

SetMemoryArea is used to specify the memory area, the arguments are the start/end points. Because 1 byte = 8 pixels of the image data to be sent, the x coordinates must be the multiple of 8, or else the last 3 bits will be ignored.

Private function: Set the memory pointer (SetMemoryPointer)

SetMemoryPointer is used to set the start point of the following image to be sent. Because 1 byte = 8 pixels of the image data to be sent, the x coordinates must be the multiple of 8, or else the last 3 bits will be ignored.

How to display an image

There are two ways to display pictures. One is display directly and other is indirectly.

Display directly: Read the data of pictures with library functions, and decode. Then convert it to arrays and send to module. About how to implement it, you can refer to the python examples of Raspberry Pi. (The C demo doesn’t display pictures directly)

Display indirectly: Converting pictures to relative arrays on PC and save as c file. Then you can use the c file on your project. This chapter we will talk about how to convert a picture to array.

  1. Open a picture with drawing tool comes with Windows system, create a new image, and set the pixel to 200x200.
  2. Because this module can only display two gray level (Only black and white), we need to convert picture to monochrome bitmap before converting it to array. That is, File --> BMP picture --> Monochrome Bitmap.
    There are two monochrome bitmap on examples pack, which are used for demonstration (raspberrypi/python/black.bmp and raspberrypi/python/red.bmp).
  3. Use Image2Lcd.exe software to generate corresponding array for picture (.c file). Open picture with this software, set the parameters:
    • Output data type: C language array
    • Scanning mode: vertical scanning
    • Output gray: single color (gray level of two)
    • Maximum width and height: 200 and 200
    • Include the data of Image Header: Don’t check
    • Inverse color: Check (Check: the white on image will be converted to 1, and black is converted to 0)
  4. Click Save, to generate .c file. Copy the corresponding array into your project, and you can display picture by calling this array.

1.54inch-e-paper-manual-3.png

1.54inch-e-paper-manual-4.png

Resources

Documentation

Demo code

Demo video

Datasheets

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